Project Canterbury

"A Selection of Fundamentals":
The Intellectual Background of the Melanesian Mission of the Church of England, 1850-1914

By Sara Harrison Sohmer

A Dissertation submitted to the graduate division of the University of Hawaii
in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in History, May 1988.

Reproduced with the author's permission, 2005.

Abstract, Table of Contents, Preface

Chapter 1. Introduction

Mission Studies and Intellectual History
The Melanesian Mission as a Case Study

Chapter 2. Mission in Historical Context

The Nature of the Missionary Imperative
The Long View
Protestantism and Mission

Chapter 3. The Evolution of the Missionary Movement in England

Compromise and the State Church
The Early English Missionary Effort and Its Limitations
The Formation of the Evangelical Missionary Model

Chapter 4. Alternative Models: The Church of England and the Establishment of the Melanesian Mission

The Anglican Evangelical Model
Institutional Renaissance and the Melanesian Mission
The New Mission Model in the Field

Chapter 5. The Anglican Advantage

An Unlikely Foundation
Religious Sources
Traditional Anglicanism and Mission: The Role of Hooker and Butler
The Oxford Movement

Chapter 6. Anglican Mission and the Victorian Intellectual Crises

The "Believing" Intellectual
Nineteenth-Century Intellectual Change and Christian Restatement
The German Contribution
German Ideas in an English Context
The Liberal Anglican Bridge

Chapter 7. The Melanesian Mission and Victorian Anthropology

A Symbiotic Relationship
Victorian Anthropology and the Origin of Civilization
Missionary Empiricism

Chapter 8. Conclusion


Project Canterbury