Project Canterbury


[1] "And I say unto you:
That many shall come from the East and West
and shall sit down in the Kingdom of Heaven
--S. Matthew viii., 11.




Town Hall, Auckland

Monday, August 23rd.
Saturday, August 28th.

Official Handbook                           Price: Sixpence


Transcribed by the Right Reverend Dr. Terry Brown
Bishop of Malaita, Church of Melanesia, 2007





Primate and Archbishop of New Zealand.

[5] Foreword.


Prime Minister of New Zealand.


FERGUSSON, K.C.B., G.C.M.G., C.B., M.V.O., D.S.O.






The Ven. Archdeacon MacMurray, M.A., the Ven. Archdeacon Hawkins, Sir James Parr, C.M.G., High Commissioner for N.Z., London; Sir Edwin Mitchelson, K.C.M.G., M.L.C.; Sir Henry Brett, K.B.; Mr. C. J. Tunks, Chancellor of the Diocese; Mr. E. C. Cutten, Senior Magistrate; Dr. C. E. Maguire, Medical Superintendent Auckland Hospital; Professor Worley, Dean of the Science Faculty, Auckland University Council; Lady Sinclair Lockhart, Miss M. E. Pulling, B.A., Headmistress Diocesan Girls' School.





Hon. Organiser and General Secretary: Revd. R. Geo. Coats.
Hon. Assistant Secretary and Treasurer: Mr. H. O. Searle.
General Curio Secretary: Revd. W. E. Lush, M.A.
General Entertainment Secretary: Revd. G. Gordon Bell, M.A.
General Refreshment, Secretary: Mrs. Averill.
General Secretary of Stewards: Mr. Walter Coath.
Director of Studies: Revd. H. A. Coleman, M.A.
Publicity: Mr. A. P. Stratford, J.P.; Mr. Walter Coath, Rev. J. L. Litt, B.A.
Press Notices: Revd. R. H. Hobday, M.A., B.D.
Director of Construction: Mr. A. W. Larsen.
Supervisor of Decorations: Miss Edith Sutherland.
Hospitality: Mrs. A. J. Stratford.
Radio: Revd. S. M. I. Salt, M.A.
Cakes: Girls' Diocesan Association.
Sweets: Miss Averill.
Soft Drinks: Auckland Diocesan Bible Class Union.
Exhibition Organist: Mr. Edgar Randall, Assistant City Organist and Organist of S. Mary's Cathedral.
Conductor of Exhibition Choir: Mr. John Tait, A.R.C.O., Organist of S. Paul's Church.
C.M.S.: Mrs. Ryan.
N.Z. Anglican Board of Missions: Revd. C. E. Nicholas.
Home Organisation Stall: Revd. R. H. Hobday, M.A., B.D.
Senior Chaplain: Revd. G. C. Cruickshank, M.A.
Handbook Compiler: Rev. J. L. Litt, B.A.

[8] [advertisement]

[9] " It needs a whole Church to evangelise the whole world."
--J. H. Oldham.


THE great object of Auckland's "East and West" Missionary Exhibition is not to make money, but to Interest, to Instruct, and to Inspire. It is a means of bringing home to people the great fact that the Church's Mission is Mission. The primary duty of the Church is to bring the world into the Kingdom of our Lord. This fact has to be demonstrated constantly, and a Missionary Exhibition is one great way of doing it.

The Exhibition will afford opportunity of showing, in a pictorial way, the actual work of Missions in the Mission Fields. Visitors to the Exhibition will be transported temporarily to foreign lands and will be able to absorb something of the atmosphere of life there. They will hear from the lips of Missionaries accounts of many lands and the methods of work employed. The kaleidoscopic colouring of the East will contrast strongly against the sombre hues of the West. It will be borne in upon the minds of visitors to our Exhibition that the colour of a man's skin is not a reflection of his soul, for there is many a black man white and many a white man black.

Through the agency of the East and West Missionary Exhibition our people will be able to form some faint idea of the immensity of the Missionary task confronting the Church and the many problems that have to be met and answered.




MONDAY, 23rd August, 8 p.m.
Chairman: Revd. Cecil Watson, B.A.
Opener: His Grace the Most Revd. A. W. Averill, D.D., Primate and Archbishop of N.Z.
Chaplain: The Ven. Archdeacon MacMurray, M.A.

TUESDAY, 24th August, 2.30 p.m.
The Right Revd. Bishop Molyneux, M.A. Assistant Bishop of Melanesia. Chaplain: The Ven. Archdeacon Hawkins.

WEDNESDAY, 25th August, 2.30 p. m.
Archdeacon of Taranaki.
Chaplain: The Revd. Canon Haselden.

THURSDAY, 26th August, 2.30 p.m.
The Revd. Canon Tisdall, M.A., Warden of S. John's Theological College. Chaplain: The Revd. Canon Mason.

FRIDAY, 27th August, 2.30 p.m.
C. J. Tunks, Esq., Chancellor of the Diocese.
Chaplain: The Revd. Canon Young, B.A.

SATURDAY, 28th August, 2.30 p.m.
Opener: His Worship the Mayor of Auckland.
Chaplain: The Revd. Canon Grant Cowen, M.A.

[10] [advertisement]

[11] " . . . with psalms and hymns and spiritual songs offer praise in your heart to the Lord."


The Apostles' Creed.
The Lord be with you:
And with thy Spirit.
Let us pray.
Lord, have mercy upon us.
Christ, have mercy upon us.
Lord, have mercy upon us.
The Lord's Prayer.

Prayer for the Exhibition.

O Lord Jesus Christ, Who in the days of Thy flesh didst use the common things of life to reveal the hidden truths of Thy Gospel, be pleased to hallow and bless the means used by Thy servants in this Missionary Exhibition. Speak Thou to all who come in here this day; open their eyes to see the need of the world, and constrain them by Thy Holy Spirit to offer such glad and willing obedience to Thee that the earth may be filled with the knowledge of Thy Love, who livest and reignest with the Father and the Holy Spirit, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Prayer For Missions.

O God, Who hast made of one blood all nations of men to dwell on the face of the whole earth, and didst send Thy blessed Son to preach peace to them that are afar off and to them that are nigh: Grant that all the peoples of the world may feel after Thee and find Thee: give power to Thy witnesses, and send forth labourers into Thy harvest: and hasten O Lord, the fulfilment of Thy promise to pour out Thy Spirit upon all flesh: through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

Prayer For Ourselves.

Let us pray that all Christians may realise their duty to spread abroad the knowledge of God and His Kingdom.

O Lord our Saviour, Who has warned us that Thou wilt require much of those to whom much is given; grant that we, whose lot is cast in so goodly a heritage, may strive together the more abundantly by prayer, by almsgiving, and by every other appointed means, to extend to others what we so richly enjoy; and as we have entered into the labours of other men, so to labour, that in their turn, other men may enter into ours, to the fulfilling of Thy will and Thy people's everlasting salvation. Amen.

The Grace.

[12] [advertisement]

[13] " Duty only frowns when you flee from it; follow it, and it smiles upon you."



Season Buttons--
Adults--Blue 3s. 0d.
Children--Red 1s. 6d.

Daily Tickets--
Adults 1s. 0d.
Children 0s. 6d.
(Children attending in the evening must be accompanied by adults.)

Main Hall Platform--Pageantry Procession, Tableaux, Exhibition Choir, Excerpts from Maori Entertainment.

Special Entertainments in the Concert Chamber
Adults Afternoon 0s. 6d. Evening 1. 0d.
Children Afternoon 0s. 3d. Evening 0s. 6d.
The Special Entertainments in the Concert Chamber begin each
Afternoon at 3 p.m. (Maori Party, 4 p.m.)
Evening, at 7.30 p.m. (Maori Party, 9 p.m.)

Doors Open--
Opening Day: 7 p.m.; Opening Ceremony, 8 p.m.
Friday: 10 a.m.; Opening Ceremony 2.30 p.m.
All Other Days: 2 p.m.; Opening Ceremony, 2.30 p.m.

Closing Ceremony--Each day, 10 p.m.

Afternoon Tea 1s. 0d.
High Tea (5.30-6.30 p.m.) 1s. 6d.
Supper 1s. 0d.
Cakes, Sweets and Soft Drinks may be purchased in the Hall.

A Chapel has been arranged in the Vestibule of the Main Hall, near the staircase, and is open for prayer and meditation during the period that the Exhibition is open. The Rev. G. C. Cruickshank is the Chaplain in Charge.

Warning Gong--
A warning gong will be sounded from the Main Platform announcing the beginning of each item on the programme, and before all other announcements.


An office will be situated in the Exhibition, on the right of the Main Hall entrance, and anyone having business with the Organiser and General Secretary, Treasurer, or General Secretary of Stewards should call at this office.

Lost Property--

Lost property should be left or enquired for at the Office.

Home Organisation Stall--

A Home Organisation Stall will be situated in the Exhibition on the left of the Main Hall entrance. All enquiries regarding Missionary Matters will be attended to there. The Revd. R. H. Hobday, M.A., will be in charge of the stall, and will be only too willing to give direction to all who desire in any way to assist the cause of Missions.

[14] [advertisement]

[15] "It is admirable to behold what the Missionaries have done."


(Subject to Variation).

2.00-- Doors open (Opening Day: 7.00).

2.30-- Opening Ceremony (Opening day: 8.00).

3.00-- Talks at Maori and Medical Courts.

3.00-- Special Feature in Concert Chamber.

3.15-- Talk at Melanesian Court.

3.30-- Main Stage Item.

3.45-- Talks at Africa and India Courts.

4.00-- Maori Entertainment in Concert Chamber.

4.00-- Talks at Esquimeaux and China Courts.

4.15-- Talk at Japan Court and British and Foreign Bible Society's Stall.

4.30-- Main Stage Item.

4.45-- Talks at Polynesian and Egypt and Palestine Courts.

5.00-- Talk at Melanesian Court.

5.15-- Maori Talk from Main Stage.

5:30-- Evensong and Intercessions in Chapel.

5.30-6.30-- High Tea in Refreshment Room.

7.00-- Talk at Japan and India Courts.

7.15-- Talk at Esquimeaux and China Courts.

7.30-- Pageant Procession.

7.30-- Special Feature in Concert Chamber.

8.00-- Main Stage Item.

8.15-- Talks at Melanesian and Africa Courts.

8.30-- Exhibition Choir: Monday, Wednesday, Saturday.

8.45-- Talks at Maori, Medical and British and Foreign Bible Society's Courts.

9.00-- Tableaux or other Main Stage Item.

9.00-- Maori Entertainment in Concert Chamber.

9.15-- Talks at Polynesian and Egypt and Palestine Courts.

9.30-- Tableaux or other Main Stage Item.

9.45-- Closing Talk.

NOTE.-A Detailed Programme will be published each day and may be purchased in the Hall. Price ld.

[16] [advertisement]


THE great aim of the Exhibition is to inspire enthusiasm for the Missionary Work of the Church, and to give some vision of the tremendous importance of this work in the world. To this end the Exhibition will be very largely educative and instructional; but it is recognised that such an Exhibition, without entertaining adjuncts, might be thought dull by the general public, and to that end entertainments have been prepared on such a scale as to make people wish to come again and again, day after day, night after night. Seldom has Auckland been promised entertainment of such variety, beauty, and appeal. Both platforms, that of the Main Town Hall and that of the Concert Chamber, will be in use, and many hundreds of willing helpers will contribute to the entertainment of the huge audiences expected at the Exhibition.

Here are some of the good things promised:--

THE GREAT EXHIBITION CHOIR of over 300 voices, comprising the members of practically all the Church Choirs in Auckland and suburbs, will sing excerpts from the great Oratorios, under the conductorship of Mr. John Tait, A.R.C.O., Organist and Choirmaster of S. Paul's Church, President of the Auckland Guild of Organists. Mr. Edgar Randal, Organist and Choirmaster of S. Mary's Cathedral, will preside at the organ.

PAGEANT PROCESSIONS of hundreds of people in the costumes of all lands will wend their way each night through the crowds in the Exhibition Hall in kaleidoscopic effect, finally grouping on the Main Platform and singing a hymn of the triumph of the Gospel. People from every parish are assisting in these processions.

TABLEAUX, to be shown at intervals on the Main Hall platform. The Life of Northern India: Scenes illustrative of the life of women of high caste, picturesquely and accurately performed by parishioners of S. Aidan's, Remuera. Moslem Women: Scenes from life in Moslem lands, by parishioners of Holy Sepulchre and S. Barnabas, presented under the expert tuition of Miss Daphne Knight and Miss Dorothy Richardson.

MAORI HISTORICAL TABLEAUX, illustrating scenes of the greatest importance and interest in the early life of this Dominion, will be presented by the great MAORI CONCERT PARTY, under the direction of the Revd. F. Bennett, Superintendent of the Maori Mission in the Diocese of Waiapu. The Landing of Samuel Marsden, the Signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, the Wonderful Story of Tarore's Testament, and other scenes will be included.

The Carola Orchestra, under the direction of Mr. Charles H. Booth.
The Albert Symphony Orchestra, under the direction of Mr. E. Harold Hardey.
Orchestras of Indian and Chinese musicians, performing their own national music on their native instruments.

[18] [advertisement]

[19] ENTERTAINMENTS.--Continued.

WIRELESS MESSAGES from leading missionary enthusiasts overseas, transmitted specially for the Exhibition, and dispensed to the audiences by special loud speaker. Arranged by the Revd. S. M. I. Salt.


"The Toughest Job in the West": Scenes illustrative of the conversion of the English. Given by the girls of the Diocesan High School.

Church History Pageant Scenes: Moving tableaux of scenes from early Church history, by the people of S. Paul's. Over forty performers.

"The Sowing of the Wilderness": A Pageant play, by Mary H. Debenham, presented by about 60 performers from S. George's, Epsom. A beautifully written play, linking up the conversion of our own ancestors with the Mission Work of the Church to-day.

"The Open Window": A Pageant play, with a challenging message and appeal, presented by 30 performers from S. Andrew's, Epsom.

"Go Tell": A Pageant play, illustrative of the life of many nations, presented by the young people of S. Peter's, Takapuna.

"Gates of Brass" and "A Call From India": Playlets based upon Indian life, presented by parishioners of S. Alban, Dominion Road.

Missionary Dialogues and Music by the young people of Epiphany Church.

MAORI ENTERTAINMENTS by the pupils of St. Stephen's and the Queen Victoria Schools, and by THE GREAT MAORI CONCERT PARTY, under the direction of the Revd. F. Bennett, Superintendent of the Maori Mission in the Diocese of Waiapu. The most highly skilled and talented group of Maori performers ever seen in Auckland. In addition to the Maori Historical Tableaux, which will be presented on the Main Hall platform at intervals, the Maori Concert Party will appear every evening in the Concert Chamber.


NOTE.-The days and times of appearance of the various entertainments will be found in the daily advertisements and in the daily programmes.

THE GREAT MAORI CONCERT PARTY will appear every evening.

[20] [advertisement]

[21] The South African Government Commission of 1913 reported:--"The evidence of the effect of Christian teaching and education on the character of the Natives is very strong. These unquestionably exercise an enormous influence for good. Administrative action can go but a short way in that direction."



S. Mark's, Remuera (Rev. G. C. Cruickshank).
S. George's, Epsom (Rev. J. L. Litt).
Christ Church, Ellerslie (Rev. R. J. Stanton).
Bay of Islands (Rev. W. T. Piggot).

Group Secretaries:
Curios--Rev. C. L. Tuke.
Stewards--T. H. Gregory, Esq.
Study Circle--T. U. Wells, Esq.
Entertainments--T. C. E. Kissling, Esq.
Refreshments--Mrs. C. R. Keeble.

Delegate to Executive:
W. P. Gage-Brown, Esq.

Group Organiser:
S. G. Chambers, Esq.

THERE are well defined areas, political and missionary, in this great Continent. If we denote them, in a very rough and general way, by colours (see map in the African Court) we may call the southern portion, where the British and Dutch are in strong force, white; all the centre portion, inhabited by millions of dark-skinned pagans, black; and all the northern region, where Mahommedanism prevails, white.

South Africa (white on map in African Court).--Sub-tropical, and therefore habitable by Europeans. Population over seven millions, of which over five millions are coloured. The native races are keen on self-determination, and one of the most difficult problems of all, the coloured question, is confronting South Africa. To find a Christian solution of this menace is the one great task of the Church in this quarter of the globe.

The Church in South Africa is presided over by the Archbishop of Capetown, and contains 13 dioceses.

Central Africa (black on map in African Court).--Tropical. Dense forests, lakes and rivers. The land of "Big Game." Natives heathen and very undeveloped mentally. The problem before the Church here is to replace dying paganism by Christian faith and hope. The climate is unsuitable for Europeans, yet missionary work is being valiantly undertaken by various Church agencies. Probably the best known to New Zealanders is the work of the Universities' Mission to Central [21/23] [22] [advertisement] [Heading at top of page 23: England! Awake! Awake! Awake!/Jerusalem, thy sister, calls." --Blake, "To the Christian."] Africa, with headquarters at Zanzibar, where a magnificent cathedral stands on the site of the former slave market.

Northern Africa (green on map in African Court).--The Moslem world is in a state of revolution. The Great War brought about a crisis in Mohammedanism. Before that war the religion of Islam had been superior to all national claims. During the war Mohammedan fought against Mohammedan when, for example, Turks fought Arabs. The expulsion of the Caliph from Constantinople in 1922, together with the inflow of Western learning and ideas into Mohammedan schools and the universities, has brought about a supreme crisis in the Moslem world. The religion of Mohammed is failing and a magnificent opening lies before the Church of God to give these people the faith of our Saviour Jesus Christ.

Africa thus presents in the north an unparalleled opportunity for the Church, in the centre vast tracts have yet to be explored, and in the south there is cause for great anxiety.

The Bishop of Lagos (West Equatorial Africa) is a New Zealander, the Rt. Rev. F. M. Jones and the Bishop-designate of Waikato (the Ven. Archdeacon Cherrington) comes from Mauritius, one of the island dioceses.



Devonport (Rev. A. J. Greenwood).
Takapuna (Rev. W. G. Monckton, M.A.)
Northcote (Rev. Carew Thomas).
Bayswater (Rev. Barnes).
Birkenhead (Rev. H. H. Bedford).

Group Secretaries:
Curios--Mr. G. H. Rignall.
Refreshments--Mrs. McLeod.

Delegate to Executive:
Rev. F. Carew Thomas.

IT will be news to many that the Jerusalem Bishopric originated in a compact between a German King and an English Archbishop. The failure on the part of Lutheran Germany to recover Episcopal Orders through Rome, led King William IV. of Prussia to approach England for the purpose of founding a Bishopric in Jerusalem in the hope of attaining that object, and in 1841 the See was founded.

Its income was provided by £600 a year, the interest on an endowment fund raised in England and a further £600 the interest of a capital sum set aside from the privy purse of the King of Prussia.

The nomination to the See then provided for was alternately with England and Prussia. The Archbishop of Canterbury nominating for England to the Crown and having the right of veto on the Prussian nomination.

The objects above mentioned were publicly set forth as the aims to which the Bishop was to direct his efforts: Thus in the [23/25] commendatory letter, which the first Bishop appointed took to the Patriarch of Jerusalem. The Archbishop of Canterbury (Dr. Howley) said that the Bishop was charged not to intermeddle in any way with the jurisdiction of the Prelates of the Eastern Churches, and by all means in his power to promote an interchange of respect, courtesy and kindness, and a hearty desire was expressed to renew that amicable intercourse with the Churches of the East which had been suspended for ages, and which, if restored, may have the effect, with the blessing of God, of putting an end to the divisions which had brought the most grievous calamities to the Church of Christ.

Interior of S. George's Cathedral

And in the authentic statement of the establishment of the Jerusalem Bishopric it is recorded that the Bishop's chief missionary care will be directed to the conversion of the Jews, to their protection, and to their useful employment.

The Bishopric as then founded was distinctly unpopular with many Churchmen on account of its connection with a non-episcopal communion and from their failure to appreciate the difference between episcopal jurisdiction as exercised in the West, where it is territorial, and in the East, where several Bishops rule over the same area, each over members of his own communion.

A further failure to obtain episcopal orders for the Lutherans (when Bishop Gobat referred to the Archbishop of Canterbury, as impossible, a request from the King of Prussia for the consecration of certain Lutheran ministers) prepared the way for withdrawal of Prussia from the contract . . . on the death of Bishop Barclay in 1881 when the Bishopric fell into abeyance in six years.

Reconstruction of the Bishopric as an English See.

After considerable enquiry and much careful thought, Archbishop Benson revived the Bishopric as an Anglican See, and Dr. Blyth was consecrated Bishop of Jerusalem and the East on 25th March, 1887.

The Patriarch of Jerusalem having said that it was necessary that a Bishop of the Church of England should be placed in this Holy City.

The present Bishop is Dr. Rennie MacInnes, who has more than fulfilled the conditions of his charge. He was consecrated to the See in 1914, but owing to the war it was some years before he could enter Jerusalem.

During the unhappy years of war the Bishop was constantly engaged in caring for our soldiers and in providing relief and assistance to the thousands of refugees who were constantly pouring in behind the British lines.

It is impossible, in a short article like this to give anything like an adequate idea of the vastness of the field covered by the Bishop and his staff of clergy, doctors, nurses, teachers and lay helpers.

The diocese takes in all Palestine and Syria, Cyprus and such parts of Asia Minor as are not definitely assigned to the Bishop of Gibraltar.

The Mission is first to the Jews and Moslems, and its work is spread over the whole of this large territory.

Schools of every kind for both boys and girls, men and women; hospitals, dispensaries and colleges for higher education and training are not among the least of its efforts.

The care of the English residents and officials in Jerusalem, and evangelistic work among the people of the land fill in a fairly extensive programme.

The Mission needs both men and women and also money to enable it to continue and extend the work to which it is assigned, i.e., to fulfil our Lord's command to preach the Gospel "beginning at Jerusalem."

A Street Scene in Benares, the Holy City of India.

[27] "More Moslems yearly visit Paris than Mecca."
"There are signs on every hand of the weakening of the social hold
of Islam."
"I see no hope; materialism is overwhelming us," says a professor of the El Azhar, Cairo.
"On every hand one encounters a hunger for knowledge."
--Dr. John R. Mott, in 1924.



S. Barnabas', Mt. Eden (Rev. E. E. Bamford, M.A.).
S. Albans, Dominion Road (Rev. H. B. Wingfield).
S. Luke's, Mt. Albert (Rev. A. J. Beck, L.Th.).
S. Jude's, Avondale (Rev. H. R. Jecks, M.A.).
S. Augustine's, Stanley Bay (Rev. A. M. Niblock).
S. Michael's, Henderson (Rev. A. V. Venables).

Group Secretaries:
Curios--Mr. W. M. Rayner, Mt. Eden.
Stewards--Mr. J. T. Williams, Mt. Eden.
Refreshments---Mrs. A. J.-Beck, Mt. Albert.
Entertainments-Miss K. Jackson, Mt. Eden.

General Secretary and Delegate to Executive:
Mr. J. T. Williams.

New Zealand Missionaries in India:
Rev. F. C. Long, M.A., C.M.S. School, Karachi.
Miss Florence Smith, Dornakal Diocese.
Miss Thyra Richter, Dornakal Diocese.
Nurse Vivienne Opie, Ranathat.
Miss Gwen Opie, Colombo.

WHAT a romance is contained in that one word "India." A land of mystery and enchantment, a survival from the earlier ages of the world, exhibiting traces of its lost wonders. None can wander in it, visiting its appealing scenes or live among its people without the feeling that it is the wonderland of the East. And to us who have never journeyed there, what visions arise in our minds when its name is mentioned. We think of snow-capped mountains, tropical forests, and sun-bathed plains, of sacred cities, temples and rivers glittering in the sun-haze, of stately palaces and rajahs and kings with wealth untold, of teeming millions engaged in incessant toil in field and shop and factory, of crowded cities and palm-encircled mud-hut villages, of religions with mystic rites, and races and languages almost innumerable.

Beauty and gorgeous colouring may be found in the forests as well as lovely vistas on the hills. Gold and glitter may be found at the courts of native rajahs and kings, but this is not India. The true India is a land, not of hills but of plains; not of great manufacturing towns, but of agricultural villages. Nearly 90 per cent. of the population live more or less by the soil. India is largely a country of peasant farmers. Nature has been kind. The towering peaks of the Himalayas rising out of the dense mysterious forests of its wide ranged foothills, veiled in mist and clothed with perpetual snow, seem more of heaven than earth, and unapproachable to men. The sun-baked plains, stretching to two oceans East and West receive their rushing waters, cool and sweet, making them capable of cradling an immense population of busy workers. The long range of the [27/29] [28] [advertisement] Western Ghauts, extending some 900 miles, its bold cliffs overlooking the Western Ocean, is the source of other great and sacred rivers flowing to the distant sea. On their winding ways they pass many a ruined temple, whose glory is of old, fertilising and beautifying a continent as they go.

When we grasp the fact that out of the 400,000,000 people who form the population of the British people, at least 315,000,000 are to be found in India, we begin to understand the vastness of the land and the vastness of its problems. In no other part of the world do we find millions of people living together, yet divided to such an extent into separate races, languages and religions. It is, in short, a world in itself, whose history forms one of the most absorbing subjects that one can study. It presents to the Church of Christ one of its greatest problems. The languages spoken number nearly 150, in addition to hundreds of dialects. Of the religions it may be said that there are, roughly speaking, six main divisions, each with their subdivisions--Hindu, including outcastes (217 millions), Mohammedan (69 millions), Buddhist (11 millions), Animist (10 millions), Christian (41 millions), and Parsee (350,000).

While it is impossible to give in such a short article any account of these religions, mention may be made of two phases of life, both of which are the results of Hinduism.

The depressed classes of India to-day number over 50,000,000. They are generally looked on as belonging to the lowest class of the descendants of the original tribes, which were conquered by the Aryans when they invaded India. Centuries of oppression have left their mark on the faces and character of the outcastes. Yet they are capable of improvement and their character is rapidly changing for the better. This is, however, solely the result of education and Christianity. As a Moslem magistrate once said, "Hinduism and Islam cannot raise these poor people. Christianity is the only religion which can do this, and I think the Missionary Societies are much to be blamed for not sending out more men."

The position of women in India, who number 155,000,000, is a matter of interest to women all the world over. In the earliest times they enjoyed a high position. Marriage was held sacred, and women had a voice in the choice of their husbands and were not shut up in Zenanas. But when the Hindus departed from their early faith all this was changed; the custom of widow burning and child marriage became the law, to which the sanction of religion was accorded. To-day, through the pressure of Western ideas, the women of India are gradually becoming more emancipated. But the lot of Indian widows is surely sadder than that of almost any class of people in the world. Her life is one of hardship and drudgery and is intolerable in every way. This she must endure until released from it by death, for she may never marry again. It may seem incredible, still it is a fact, that the widows of those Hindu soldiers who died in the Great War, are treated in the same way.

One great fact emerges when the religions of India are studied in detail--the tremendous spiritual capacities of these peoples. India is instinct with religious feeling and impulse. No land can show more wonderful architecture than that which it has carved and raised to the glory of the gods it worships, or to its dead whom it commemorates. No land can show more wonderful spirit of devotion and asceticism amongst its people than that of India. Its heart is eternally religious. It is for the Church of Christ to develop and consecrate to the service of God those great gifts which He has given [29/31] [30] [advertisement] [Heading at top of page 31: "Behold, these shall come from far . . . these from the land of Sinion." (Isaiah xlix., 12).] them. The Body of Christ can never be complete until every nation is gathered in and the peculiar contribution which the people of India can bring is of inestimable value. To-day she is going through the greatest and most vital change that she has experienced in the course of her whole history. She is casting off her old beliefs, habits and customs and is rapidly imbibing Western education and Western knowledge, but so far not Western religion on which all else is built. It is towards this great task that the Church of Christ has to set its face.



All Saints' (Canon F. W. Young).
S. Columba's (Rev. R. H. Hobday, M.A., B.D.).
Point Chevalier (Rev. W. H. Gillam).
Howick (Canon Mason).
Warkworth (Rev. C. Addenbrooke, M.A.).

Executive Delegate:
Rev. R. H. Hobday, M.A., B.D.

Group Secretaries:
Curios--T. E. Bishoprick, Esq.
Entertainments--Peter Mackie, Esq.
Refreshments---Mrs. C. F. Bennett.
Stewards-Captain Harvey.

CHINA is the greatest country in the world. Have you realised that? Its population is 4240,000,000, a quarter of the world's population, so great that if one passed in front of you every second it would take over thirteen years for them all to pass by! This great race is not savage, but highly civilised. They have been civilised much longer than we have. When Abraham left Ur of the Chaldees the Chinese were a great nation with a complete educational system. When the Romans were cutting down forests in wild Britain, the Chinese were riding over their own excellent roads.

The Great Wall, one of the wonders of the world, 1260 miles long, was built 220 B.C., and is still in good preservation. Printing was known in China hundreds of years before it was invented in Europe. The industry, artistic genius, and inventive faculties of the people are astonishing. Silk manufacture in China is at least 4000 years old. The compass was in use 324 A.D., and Civil Service examinations from 600 A.D. Their great religious teachers, Confucius and Laotze (both 500 B.C.) taught noble rules of conduct, but they offered their people no personal God and no Saviour. Therefore their light has failed. But the True Light is coming to China, and, as He always does, through the devoted personal sacrifice of Christian men and women. When S. Aidan preached in Northumberland, Nestorian Christians were preaching in China. When Sir Francis Drake was voyaging round the world, Matteo Ricci and other Roman Catholic missionaries were working in Peking, among other things making a translation of the New Testament into that most difficult language, Chinese, with 45,000 characters! Robert Morrison went to China from London in 1805. The skipper of the ship he [31/33] [32] [advertisement] travelled on sneeringly remarked "And so, Mr. Morrison, you really expect that you will make an impression on the idolatry of the great Chinese Empire?" To which Morrison replied, "No, sir, but I expect God will." And He has. Morrison translated the whole Bible, made a Chinese grammar and dictionary, wrote many pamphlets and tracts through all of which he, though dead, yet speaketh! In 1842 the C.M.S. started work in Ningpo and Foochow. The first English Bishop in China was George Smith, consecrated Bishop of Hongkong in 1849. The S.P.G. began its North China Mission in 1872, and Bishop Scott was consecrated as its first Bishop in 1880. There are now 12 dioceses united in the Chung Hua Sheng Kung Hui (Holy Catholic Church of China), one of them, Shensi, manned entirely by Chinese and supported solely by Chinese money. Over 300,000 scholars and students are now being educated in Christian schools and colleges. The three Chinese plenipotentiaries at the Versailles Peace Conference were all graduates of S. John's University. Shanghai, under the auspices of the American Episcopal Church of China, may well be called great, great in age, size, population, character, and influence. When Christianised she will have a great contribution to bring towards the realisation of the New Jerusalem, the city four-square, perfect and complete. Her one great need is self-sacrificing integrity. Will she learn that from Western materialistic civilisation? No; from Christ alone. "Can the Christian Church now give us men capable of leading without regard to personal gain or loss?" Thank God the Church in New Zealand is doing her part in a practical way, and has more missionaries at work in China than in any other country. Here are their names:--

(Miss) Margaret Jennings (Dunedin), Canton.
(Miss) Maud Dinneen (Auckland), Hengchowfu.
(Miss) Blanche Tobin (Tauranga), Hengchowfu.
(Doctor) Charles Strange (Auckland), Hangchow.
(Doctor) Phyllis Haddow (Auckland), Hangchow.
(Nurse) Beatrice Brunt (Christchurch), Hangchow.
(Nurse) Violet Bargrove (Christchurch), Hangchow.
(Miss) Margaret Woods (Christchurch), Hangchow.
(Rev.) Crichton McDouall (Oamaru), Hokienfu.
(Nurse) Eunice Preece (Auckland), Hokienfu.
(Miss) May Gibson (Dunedin), Peking.
(Miss) Beryl Steven (Oamaru), Peking.
(Nurse) Kathleen Hall (Auckland), Peking.
(Rev.) Trevor Gilfillan (Auckland), Peking.
(Mrs.) Dorothy Stocker (Christchurch), Shantung.

Pray for them. "Pray ye also the Lord of the harvest that He would send forth labourers into His harvest." Why not go yourself? If you really cannot, help those who are fit and willing to go and proclaim the good news, which is still the power of God unto salvation, that so China may become one of the kingdoms of the Lord and of His Christ. There can be no "Yellow Peril" where Christ reigns!

[35] "Missions are by far the most pleasing result of the presence of the white man in the South Sea Islands."
--R. L. Stevenson.



Holy Sepulchre (Rev. G. Gordon Bell, M.A.).
Epiphany (Revd. R. Geo. Coats).
S. Thomas (Revd. W. E. Lush, M.A.).
Tamaki West (Revd. Clement Houchen, M.C.).
Helensville (Revd. T. Partridge, M.A.).

Group Secretaries:
Curios--Mr. F. C. Hawley, Holy Sepulchre.
Entertainments--Revd. G. Gordon Bell, Holy Sepulchre.
Refreshments--Mrs. Campbell, S. Thomas.
Steward--Mr. W. F. J. Haverfield, Epiphany.


THE Melanesian Mission is the child of the Church of New Zealand. When George Augustus Selwyn was consecrated as first Bishop of New Zealand, among the territory allotted to him for oversight was the Islands of the Pacific.

As soon as he had completed his tour of New Zealand he made a visit to these out-of-the-way parts of his Diocese. He accepted the responsibility. The Synod of the New Zealand Church as soon as it came into being, accepted it on behalf of the Church. Melanesia became a Missionary Diocese associated with the Province of New Zealand, and John Coleridge Patteson was consecrated Bishop for this area by Bishops of the New Zealand Church in New Zealand.

Bishop Selwyn and Bishop Patteson have passed to their rest long ago; but the General Synod of New Zealand still lives, and the Missionary Diocese of Melanesia still carries on the work entrusted to it by the founders of the New Zealand Church; its Bishops are still consecrated in New Zealand by New Zealand Bishops.

Melanesia is then, a Missionary Diocese founded by the Church of New Zealand, associated with the Province of New Zealand, for which the Church of New Zealand accepted and still accepts the responsibility.


The Melanesian Mission is working over an area of territory more than two thousand miles in length. The Diocese includes a part of the New Hebrides Group, the whole of the Banks Islands, Torres Islands, and all the territory included in the Solomon Island Protectorate, with the exception of about a quarter of this area which is worked by the Wesleyan Mission; and in addition all such parts of the Australian Mandated territory which is not occupied by the Roman Catholic or Wesleyan Missions. Besides this, the Melanesian Mission is responsible for ALL ENGLISH-CHURCH PEOPLE from New Zealand to the Equator except those resident in the Diocese of Polynesia.

[36] [advertisement]

[37] "Thou spirit of the Lord, go forth, call on
the South, wake up the North;
In every clime, from sun to sun,
gather God's children into one."


Over this vast area the Melanesian Mission is trying to build up a Christian civilisation among various native races which are potentially valuable friends or dangerous foes to the British Empire.


With two, soon we hope three, Bishops, seventeen European Clergy and eighteen Native Clergy, and a handful of laymen and women. The "Southern Cross" is the backbone of the Mission. Without the Mission Ship the whole Mission would lack cohesion, and outlying parts would probably be paralysed and die of inanition.


Because this is THE New Zealand Mission.

Because New Zealand is vitally interested in the establishment of a Church and race in the Islands friendly to her.

Because New Zealanders want to do what is their duty and DO NOT WANT TO HAVE TO ASK OTHER PEOPLE TO DO IT FOR THEM.

Because it is a work well worth doing AND DOING WELL.

Because it needs strong out-of-doors men to do it.



1. See to it that you get to know all you can about the Melanesian Mission.

2. Write to the General Secretary, Melanesian Mission Office, Chancery Chambers, Auckland, for literature and information.

3. Talk about it to your friends.

4. Take in AND READ the "Southern Cross Log," an illustrated quarterly Chronicle.

5. Give generously on "Melanesian Sunday."

6. Pray earnestly for the work, and



Any information will be given gladly and any questions answered by--

Melanesian Mission Office,
Chancery Chambers, Auckland.

[38] [advertisement]


The Cathedral Church of St. Mary (Canon P. E. James, M.A.)
St. Aidan, Remuera (Rev. H. A. Coleman, M.A.).
St. Peter, Onehunga (Rev. H. M. Smyth, M.A.).

Group Secretaries:
Stewards--Mr. G. H. L. Tancred.
Refreshments--Miss D. Towle.

Parish Agents:
St. Aidan's.
Stewards--Mr. R: Woods.
Curios--Mr. A. V. Burcher.
Refreshments--Miss Skeet.
Entertainments--Mrs. Coleman.

THE year 1923 was the centenary of the coming to New Zealand of Henry Williams, and the beginning of the Maori Mission may almost be said to date from his arrival, for the C.M.S. workers up to that time had had no success in winning the Maoris from heathendom. It is therefore particularly fitting that Canon Williams, the present Superintendent of the Maori Mission in Wellington Diocese, who is helping with this Exhibition, should be a grandson of that famous pioneer.

The policy of the Church Missionary Society in regard to the Maori Mission was to firmly establish the work, and then as the Colonial Church grew stronger gradually to withdraw. In 1859 this was proposed at the General Synod, but the Synod resolved "There has never been a period when the native race more urgently required the undiminished efforts of the C.M.S. than at the present moment." It was not till 1883 that the Society to whom the Maoris owe so much began to withdraw its help, and not until twenty years later that all help was withdrawn. It was then that a Maori Mission Board was formed for the whole Church, and since then further arrangements have been made whereby each Diocese takes charge of its own Maoris. The unequal nature of this arrangement lies in the fact that practically all the Maoris reside in the North Island, so that the southern dioceses are asked to do practically nothing for the native race. It is therefore hoped that when the Board of Missions is in a position to co-ordinate this Mission the responsibility of supporting will be thrown on the whole of the New Zealand Church.

The question is often asked "Why don't the Maoris themselves entirely finance the work of the Mission?" The answer is that in districts where the Maoris still belong to the Anglican Church it is expected of them that they should support their own clergymen, but alas! in so many districts the people have entirely lapsed. A distinction must therefore be drawn between Maori Pastorates, which aim at being self-supporting, and Mission districts where the population is largely lapsed Christians.

[40] [advertisement]

[41] "I was sick and ye visited me."


S. Andrew's, Epsom (Rev. E. L. Harvie).
Royal Oak (Rev. C. F. R. Harrison).
Mount Roskill (Rev. P. S. Smallfield).

Group Secretaries:
Curios--Miss D. V. Kennard.
Refreshments--Mrs. Jaggs.
Entertainments--Mrs. Speight.
Steward--Mr. A. Langford.

Representative on Executive:
Miss Calder.

ALL Mission Work is heroic Christianity, is Christianity in its most practical and Christlike form, and Medical Missions is Christianity translated into acts of loving service and healing power. The Missionary who is both priest and doctor has a wonderful power with his native converts. To him they can come for healing of body and healing of soul, and as they come to him they can think of the Brother of Galilee who healed the sick and brought men to Himself. Medical Missions are not old; the work is comparatively modern, but its usefulness, its urgent need cannot be denied, and its appeal cannot be ignored. One result of this Exhibition may be a greater response to the Christian Physician to preach and heal, to help those who are in sore need. There will be no great fees, no fashionable practice, no social life, but there will be power and blessing and happiness in following the footsteps of the first Medical Missionary, who by His love and by His power healed the sick, and preached the good news of salvation to all who would hear.

There is only one doctor of our Church engaged in this work, and not one lady doctor at work anywhere.

The need to-day on the Mission Field is for doctors and nurses who will give their gifts, their loving service to those in such dire need in the dark corners of the earth.



St. Matthew's, Auckland (Canon C. H. Grant Cowen).
Whangarei (Rev. H. T. Steele).
Otahuhu (Rev. C. B. W. Seton).
Pukekohe (Rev. J. P. Cowie).
Bombay (Rev. H. F. C. Baker).
Papakura (Rev. C. W. Wood).
Waiuku (Rev. J. C. Fussell).
Clevedon (Rev. W. H. Rattray).

Group Secretaries:
Curios--Mr. G. T. Zohrab.
Refreshments--Miss W. Josey.
Entertainments--Miss Deason.
Steward--Mr. T. Woodhouse.

Delegate to Executive:
Rev. Thos. Southworth.

[42] [advertisement]

[43] "Foreign Missions stand in the front rank of all the tasks we have to fulfil."
--Lambeth Conference.

THE "East and West" Exhibition is designed to enable visitors to absorb something of the atmosphere of the life to be found in various countries of the world where the Church is "in the front trenches." Whatever may be the position in other Courts, it is certain that the most extensive display possible, even if the whole space were devoted to it, could only give a very partial suggestion of the rich and varied life of a nation of 70,000,000 people with a history of 2000 years behind them. So also, the writer of this article can do no more (no more is asked of him) than to give an impression which will lead people to see the immensity of the task confronting the Church in bringing a nation like Japan into the knowledge of God in Christ.

Seventy millions of them! If I get tired of people in New Zealand (and folks can weary you even in New Zealand) I go for a walk and enjoy "the bliss of solitude." Yes, with under 2,000,000 you can do it, but 70,000,000! Japan is like the old lady in the shoe, she has so many children that she puts them all over the place, near the water and on the water, on the hills and under the hills (I mean at their foot), and when they are dead into the hills, for the cemetery is usually on a hill which is useless for other purposes. Well! 70,000,000 is certainly a goodly mass to work on, but it is useless to expect results unless you apply power commensurate with the magnitude of your task. We are getting results at Arapuni--yes, because there is an adequate body of workers and plenty of gelignite and other "uplifting" things. The Church in Japan is, and has been, poorly staffed and short of means, and there are millions who have as yet no opportunity of hearing the good news. "But they have a religion of their own, why trouble to change it?" So say some who know little of the joy and peace of the true faith, but even they should pity the many who from youth to old age are obsessed by fear and unrest of soul. I have no space to illustrate this, but it is a fact which any observer knows.

The national cult is ancestor and hero worship, but along with this very often goes adherence to some sect of Buddhism. The former is in its essentials what we know as the Communion of Saints, while the latter is largely a matter of persuading the powers above to grant you a good time. Nevertheless, let it be remembered that there are some very fine scholars and high minded gentlemen amongst the Buddhist monks and laymen. What a task the Church has in turning all that is good here, to the glory of Christ and in driving away the demons who usurp the hearts which belong to Him!

The Japanese are naturally religious, and courageous, with a keen sense of humour, and a nation with these characteristics is sure to have much "glory and honour" to bring into the City of God.

One thing which strikes the visitor to Japan is the universal "good taste." Somehow or other the lowliest people have the knack of putting a tree, a flower, an ornament in just the right place; they appreciate the beauties of nature and will take trouble to see them. Imagine a British working man going a yard to see the moon rise in some place where the pine trees or the snow make it worth seeing! The temples of Japan are often gardens of delight so far as their surroundings are concerned, and the buildings are repositories of priceless treasures of art. Here again what beauty will flow forth when Japan has seen things with Christian eyes!

[44] [advertisement]

[45] There is no denying the fact that Japan is not popular in the world of nations to-day. She has risen very quickly and has entered the world of commerce and military preparedness; hence it is not surprising that as a "new chum" she should not be quite welcome, especially when she shows remarkable aptitude in playing the tricks of the trade in the commercial sphere, and a disconcerting thoroughness in military and naval affairs. People often think that the Oriental, with his calm enigmatical face, is altogether built on lines differing from our own, but no! It is not so. My experience is that the Japanese at any rate are very like ourselves, more interesting perhaps because they have been cut off from intercourse with the rest of the world for so long, but now the gates are open and every year sees old Japan change, so that much which we find quaint is perishing; and yet these Eastern peoples will always have their own way of looking at things, and thus make their contribution to the wisdom of the world. Things which still remain, but which alas are changing, are old-world courtesy, a Spartan simplicity and a leisurely mode of doing things. In their place is coming a business abruptness, luxury and speed. On the other hand the influence of Christian ethics is making many dissatisfied with the old tyranny and immorality which has pressed so hardly on those who had no defence. The world, the flesh and the devil are the enemy in every country, and they have a strong hold in Japan; but there is much to build on, and what the Church needs is a body of missionaries who sympathetically and with adequate knowledge of the age-long faiths of the country, will commend the revelation of God in Christ. Such will not lack hearers. The chief difficulties a missionary has to face are, first, the language. O ye students who growl over Latin and French, hold your peace, for those languages are child's play when compared with Japanese! And then, the fierce nationalism and insularity of the majority of people is a barrier which it is difficult to break down. On the other hand, law and order surrounds the dweller in Japan (even though burglars are very numerous), and the kindness and courtesy of the people, their ready wit and many sterling qualities make life very pleasant, and one seldom meets old residents who have left, who have not a desire to return, or at least very happy memories of their sojourn in the Land of the Rising Sun. The Nitou Sei Kokwai (Holy Catholic Church of Japan) is a self-governing province of the Universal Church, and has a great work to do in presenting the faith in its fullness to a nation which has a very living sense of the value of order and authority.



S. Paul's (Rev. Cecil A. B. Watson, B.A.)
Kingsland (Rev. J. H. Cable).
Mangere (Rev. S. M. I. Salt). Papatoetoe-Rev. P. C. Davis.
Manurewa (Rev. L. Foulkes).

Group Secretaries:
Curios--Mr. Seymour Wells.
Stewards--Mr. L. J. Armitage.
Entertainments--Mr. H. Jilling.
Refreshments-Mrs. J. Hardie Neil.

[46] [advertisement]

[47] "Nearer and nearer draws the time, the time that shall surely be When the earth shall be filled with the glory of God, as the waters cover the sea."


THE Diocese of Polynesia is situated in the South Pacific Ocean, and has for its northern boundary the Equator over a length of about 3,000 miles, and its southern boundary is 1,000 miles to the south. The Diocese of Melanesia lies immediately to the west, and to the north lies the Diocese of Honolulu, under the American Church. This immense area of ocean contains innumerable islands, possibly over 600, varying in size from Viti Levu, in Fiji (half the size of Wales), down to what are little more than verdure covered rocks. It includes Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, Rarotonga, Tahiti, and Pitcairn Island.

From the above it is clear that the description of the diocese as being "mostly water" is not undeserved. "Oh! that I had the wings of a dove" must often be the thought of the Bishop. Think of it! Six hundred-odd islands, the vast majority little more than hopping off places for a sparrow! Doubtless some day the then Bishop will have a flying boat, and he'll be able to drop pastorals and other weighty episcopal documents down on the astonished heads of his flock as they literally look up to their chief pastor. If to this is added a wireless broadcasting apparatus the lot of the Bishop will be quite enviable as he with swiftness or at ease ministers by written or spoken word to the spiritual needs of his vast diocese. What a future haven for the many retired Fathers in God of the Anglican Church! Meanwhile hard work and patient endurance must characterise the Episcopate. Ease or even health must be sacrificed in preserving our holy faith amongst our white brethren and in extending the blessings of the Kingdom to those who as yet share them not. To this task the present Bishop and his small but devoted staff are bending all their energies. Though the Anglican Church was not the first in the field, early in the 19th century lurid stories of the cannibalism and ferocity of the islanders reached England, through traders and others, and called forth missionary effort on the part of the London Missionary Society and the Wesleyan Missionary Society. The labours of these societies, followed by the Roman Catholic Missions, soon effected the complete evangelisation of these peoples, so that at the present time all the indigenous population is nominally Christian. The Anglican Church followed, with the incoming Europeans, though it was not until 1908 that the first Bishop (Twitchell) was consecrated, and the ministrations of our Church were rendered possible without being, as before, a task which the Bishop of London could hardly comprehend, and the Church in New Zealand could not undertake. Bishop Twitchell resigned in 1921, and not till March, 1923, was the present Bishop (Kempthorne) consecrated. The Bishop, who is a son of Archdeacon Kempthorne, of Nelson, was for some years a C.M.S. Missionary in West Africa, and afterwards a S.P.G. Worker in Singapore.

With him are two clergy formerly working in New Zealand, the Rev. H. A. Favell and the Rev. W. J. Hands, who was the Hon. Secretary of the big Missionary Exhibition in Wellington three years ago. Miss James, sister of Canon James, of S. Mary's Cathedral, Parnell, has also recently joined the staff for work specially at the school for Indians in Fiji.

Wherever there is British rule, and also in Tonga, very great care is taken of education and the offering of medical attention. [47/49] [48] [advertisement] [Heading at top of page 49: "While vast continents are shrouded in almost utter darkness and hundreds of millions suffer the horrors of heathenism and of Islam, the burden of proof lies upon you to show that the circumstances in which God has placed you were meant by Him to keep you out of the Mission Field." --Ian Keith Falconer.] There is a large number of mission schools, some of them aided by the Government, and where there are none, the Government is doing its best to offer facilities. The educational grants have increased enormously in recent years.

The climate has much to recommend it. The report of every island and group of islands contains the phrase "malaria fever is unknown," and the heat, though great, is never excessive, and the health of Europeans is wonderfully good.

The possibilities immediately opening in the islands to the work of our Church are, first of all, the provision of ministration in Samoa, and, of even greater importance, the execution of our obligation in taking up educational work among the Indians, of whom 3,000 are of school age. By an agreement with the Methodist Church we have made ourselves responsible for the spiritual care of the Indians in Northern Fiji, who number 10,000, whilst the Methodists are responsible for those in the South. The Bishop appeals for funds to build and equip the necessary schools.




MANY and varied are the romances of the North-west Territories of Canada, but probably the most romantic of all is that portion lying due north of Edmonton and Athabasca, known to the Church as the Mackenzie River Diocese. This Diocese embraces within its confines the North Pole. It is bounded on the east by Labrador and the Hudson Bay, on the west by British Columbia and the Yukon. Its inhabitants consists of the numerous tribes of Red Indians, and in the more northern parts of the Eskimos. The latter live chiefly along the shores of the Arctic Ocean and around the Coronation Gulf. Many of the Eskimos are still cannibals, and when some horrible crime has been committed and the victim eaten, they will relate every detail with all the innocency of children and emphatically deny that they had done any wrong. The privations and intense isolation of Missionary work cannot be adequately described. Of the past heroes of this vast land it is impossible to deal in a short article, but one calls to mind the noble lives of Bishop Bumpas, Bishop Peeve, and Bishop Lucas, Archdeacon Williams, and the present band of Missionaries labouring therein.

While it is true that several of the Canadian Dioceses under the direction of the Canadian Missionary Society are taking a kindly interest and are doing all they can to help, it is also true that much more could and ought to be done by the Church as a whole. The lack of communication, the hardships to be endured in any extensive work certainly tends to hamper operations. But one sometimes wonders how many outside of the Canadian Church even know of the existence of this, the furthest northern Diocese in the world.

If the Exhibition accomplishes its desired end, to interest and instruct in the work carried on in these dark and distant places of the earth, then the efforts of its promoters will not have been in vain; and there are probably few places so little thought of, because so little known, as the Far North of Canada.

[50] [advertisement]


What It Is.

It is not a Missionary Society. It is the Anglican Church in N.Z. acting in its Missionary capacity. It has been called into existence by the General Synod of the Church, and therefore every loyal Churchman has a duty to help forward its work. To use a political metaphor, it is the Foreign Office of the Church. The Board comprises all the Bishops, together with a representative from each Diocese, and also from each co-ordinated mission. It is too large, and its members are too scattered for it to meet more than once a year, so its work is done by a sub-committee, called its Executive, which meets regularly in Wellington.

What It Does.

Its main work is financial. It raises funds for the different Missions, with the exception of the Maori Mission, in which New Zealand Church people are especially interested. It aims at being strictly impartial and makes no distinction between High, Broad, or Low Church Missions. By means of its "quota" system, it has very largely increased Missionary contributions. It helps, too, by preventing overlapping, for it alone makes the financial appeal for the funds required by the following Missions:--Melanesia, Polynesia, N.Z.C.M.S. (work in India, China, etc.), S.P.G., North China, Jerusalem and East, and the local Chinese Mission.

What It Needs.

It needs especially Prayer. There are 60 New Zealand Missionaries who look to New Zealand Church people to pray for them. Then it needs about £20,000 per annum to finance the work for which it is responsible. The easiest and most satisfactory way of raising this amount is by the regular and systematic giving of all Church people.



A STALL of unique design for the sale of articles purchased from the schools in many mission fields is situated on the main floor of the Town Hall. The profits from these sales go to the Missions from which the goods have been obtained. The Ladies' Committee of the C.M.S. will be responsible for sales from India, China, etc. There will be a varied collection of articles from Jerusalem and the East which will be sold on behalf of the J. and E. Mission. The sale of African curios will benefit the finances of our Exhibition. Literature will be sold on behalf of the N.Z. Board of Missions, while the finest collection of curios and useful articles that has ever come from Melanesia will be offered to visitors on behalf of the Melanesian Mission. We trust that articles from the stalls will find ready purchasers, for we feel that each article bought will bring an object of permanent Missionary interest into the home.



A FEW years ago, at the closing session of a great Missionary Conference, the chairman led off with the words: "The END of the Conference is the BEGINNING of the Conquest. Our best days are ahead of us." What a ringing challenge to us who have had any share as visitor or worker in our East and West Exhibition! The end of the Exhibition is the beginning of the extension of the Kingdom in the real Mission Field.

Our best days are ahead of us. Why? Because we have a larger knowledge of the conditions of the heathen world and their needs, and that makes possible better service. We have a larger knowledge of the purposes of God. "His thoughts are higher than our thoughts." He thinks in terms of "all nations, and kindreds, and peoples and tongues." No Christian can share the thoughts of God and have a narrow view of His world or a narrow view of service, or be indifferent to our Lord's command to carry the Gospel to all mankind. "God our Saviour willeth that all men should be saved." Is that your will? "Our wills are ours to make them Thine."

Behind all that you have seen, depicting conditions of life in China, Japan, Africa, India, and the islands of the Pacific, is a great multitude without Christ and without hope in the world.
"The restless millions wait the Light
That, dawning, maketh all things new."
Oh! Will you not help to dispel this darkness? Pray, Learn, Work, Give. Truly the Exhibition has given you a larger knowledge--a clearer vision of human need. The one, the only hope, of the world, is the Gospel of Jesus Christ. He is the hope of the world.

Is the Exhibition to be an end or a beginning for you?



As Hon. Organiser and General Secretary of our great "East and West "Missionary Exhibition I desire to place on record the very valuable assistance I have received from a host of people, too numerous to mention by name, who have given much time to prayer and study, and work in connection with our great venture. The Vicars of parishes and parishioners generally have responded in a truly wonderful way. The heads of departments and other members of the Executive Committee have put forward their best and most zealous efforts with the single object of making my task as light as possible. I owe them my special thanks. Any who have had contact with the Exhibition, either as workers or as visitors, would desire me to thank those Missionaries and friends who have acted in the onerous capacity of Court Speakers. A special word of thanks and praise must be extended to our Maori brethren who, at much personal sacrifice, have left their homes in many parts of New Zealand, and have sojourned with us, adding greatly to our store of knowledge and pleasure through the medium of their wonderful entertainments.

In conclusion, my great hope is that all this varied and yet combined effort may result in a deeper interest and a wider vision of the great Missionary endeavour of our Church.

Hon. Organiser and General Secretary.

[54] [advertisement]

[55] HYMN.

Sound over all waters, reach out from all lands,
The chorus of voices, the clasping of hands;
Sing hymns that were sung by the stars of the morn,
Sing songs of the angels when Jesus was born!
With great jubilations
Bring hope to the nations,
The dark night is ending and dawn has begun:
Rise, hope of the ages, arise like the sun,
All speech flow to music, all hearts beat as one!

Sing the bridal of nations! With chorals of love
Sing out the war vulture and sing in the dove,
Till the hearts of the peoples keep time in accord,
And the voice of the world is the voice of the Lord!
Clasp hands of the nations
In strong gratulations,
The dark night is ending, arise like the sun,
Rise, hope of the ages, arise like the sun,
All speech flow to music, all hearts beat as one!

Blow, bugles of battle, the marches of peace;
East, west, north and south let the long quarrel cease.
Sing the song of great joy that the angels began,
Sing of glory to God and of goodwill to man.
Hark, joining in chorus
The heavens bend o'er us,
The dark night is ending and dawn has begun;
Rise, hope of the ages, arise like the sun,
All speech flow to music, all hearts beat as one!


The Compiler of this Souvenir Handbook, the Rev. J. L. Litt, to all who have helped him in the work:--Thanks! and again Thanks!

THE Exquisite Antelope coves and toned paper (Silkote, Dullo-Enamel Art India) used in this booklet was supplied by Messrs. B. J. Ball (N.Z.) Ltd.



Turks filling their Water Bottles in the Courtyard of the Mosque of Omar, Jerusalem.

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Project Canterbury