VOL. 1 NASHOTAH HOUSE, MAY, 1884. NO. 6.
In June, 1845, Bishop Kemper, for the first time since his consecration in 1835, made a home for himself, and fixed that home in Wisconsin, living for the first year in Milwaukee with the Reverend Mr. Akerly. His Diary, until September of that year was lost while he was travelling in Indiana; the valise in which it was, falling overboard into the Ohio river.
In the first week in August the Convocation of Wisconsin was held in St. Paul's Ch., Milwaukee. From letters we give a few extracts.
"At 10 A. M., service began; Mr. Hatch read prayers, Mr. Williams the lessons. Mr. Breck sat without the rails with Mr. Unonius, whom he was to present for Priest's Orders. (The account of Mr. U's admittance to the Diaconate has not been found; it must have been recorded in the lost Diary.) Mr. Mc-Hugh was likewise with Mr. S. K. Miller, who was to be ordained Deacon. It was a bright day for us, for it was the fulfilment of one of Nashotah's best works. Mr. Unonius now returns to his people fully qualified to minister to them in Holy Things. The people of his charge are poor and can do little for him. The Committee in New York have appointed him a small salary ($250.) and an outfit.
Dec. 13, 1845, Milwaukee. Daniel (one of the Indian boys), from Nashotah with horses and a buggy to take me out there. 15th--After some delay Daniel and I started about 9; the road occasionally slippery; D. drove well; we dined at half-way house; roads muddy; at Nashotah by 4; long talks with Adams and Breck; good news for Unonius, as Dr. Clay, of Gloria Dei, Phil., will, with his congregation, undertake to support his mission; attended prayers; 1st Psalm chanted in Hebrew."
"Jan. 6, 1846, Epiphany, Nashotah. First bell at 3:30; chapel illuminated; prayers at 5; Communion at 6. Mrs. Hull presents the organ to Nashotah. Walked over the land; I intend buying ground adjacent to Nashotah; crossed over lower Nashotah, and walked to Summit; on returning, crossed upper Nashotah; ice very thick, 7th--Spent the day in seeing about my land and that of the Mission; talked with my neighbors concern-the road, etc. 8th--Being Thursday, up again early and Communion at 6; clouded yesterday and to-day; at noon a Litany to the Holy Trinity. March 1st, Nashotah. Seeing candidates and other members of the Brotherhood; here Dr. Warner to inform me officially of the organization of St. Sylvanus's parish, and Mr. Breck rector. Here Mr. Keeler intends making his schoolhouse (at Summit), a Presbyterian church; both Adams and Breck approve. (They had before, with Mr. K's consent been holding service there.) Breck thinks two or more of the present senior class at Gen. Seminary would join him; wishes for Ogden now; he and Adams will both give up the Domestic Committee salary the 1st of April. 3rd.--Here Unonius reports that the people at Jefferson want much to see me, and offers to take me there; started with S. in his cutter to Hawks, where I was detained some time. H. polite; showed me his new house and buildings; started about 2 in the stage, for Milwaukee; in by 8.
April 8th. At Nashotah by 2 P.M.; long talks; Adams' salary secured for 3 years; lectured to the students at night. 9th.--At 5 o'clock, penitential service; Holy Communion at 6:30; Morning Prayer at 11:30. Breck off all day to a funeral; called to see me, Ingraham, Weller, Green. Wheelock, etc.; wrote last night invitations to the examination; service at night; Unonius assisted and I preached.
April 10th. Good Friday; attended 3 services before dinner; Breck returned 9 miles in heavy storm; officiated and preached in the afternoon, 11th.--Cold morning; at 5 o'clock, prayers; at 9, administered Holy Communion. Mr. S. Breck came with his horses; Beeby drove; Adams and Breck with us; stopped at Mr. Unonius', where we left Adams; the rest of us started; took in Kanute, Daniel and Schetky; warm; snow nearly gone; regretted we had brought the sleigh; left it at Champney's; found there Keene and Armstrong. W. Weaver called for us in his wagon and brought us back every time; a fair congregation; I preached and Breck baptized a man." This was at Lisbon and on Easter even. "12th.--A lovely day; both C. and his wife communicants; a nice room to myself; Keene stays here. We had a large congregation in the morning. I confirmed 9 and administered Communion to a large number; preached again at night, but I was fagged out.
April 13th. "W. Weaver called at 6, after I had had a cup of tea, and took me and J. L. B. to his brother's, where'with Mr. S. Breck, we took breakfast with J. W.'s large family; roads bad; we could not go the shortest road, as a bridge had been carried away; stopped and talked with Mr. S. Barstow; in Milwaukee, by 2. 14th.--Breck and I determined to buy our .land; Mr. Potter acted for us. Many persons, he said, are buying, although all are safe, and things are going off peaceably. 25th, Nashotah.--Walking over my land with Mr. S. Breck. After an early breakfast on the 26th, started in the mission wagon for Ashpun, Unonius' other station, 11 miles; at Gasman's by 10:30; the house full. U. intended to have had his first service over, but all his candidates had not arrived; they came from Golden Lake; the service began; singing; then prayers, the people keeping their seats; then he preached a long sermon and churched two women; a pause for 10 minutes; I, the Communion, he, Collect, Epistle, Gospel and Creed; singing. I confirmed 9;,then I preached, and he repeated all my sermon in Norwegian; then he baptized an infant and received another; then I administered the Eucharist; perhaps 40 communed. We had a nice dinner and U. returned with us. A service at Pine Lake; very full; U. read our service in Norwegian, and repeated my morning sermon, after I had read a portion of it; home to supper; during the afternoon services IJ. churched a woman and received an infant' into fellowship." (Flourishing churches now remain in both these places, Ashpun and Pine Lake, though partly composed of Americans; but many of Mr. Unonius' communicants still remain, and remember these visits of the Bishop.) "27th.--Attended the examinations at Nashotah; Mr. Breck on Natural Philosophy, Algebra and Euclid; Mr. Adams'on Latin and Greek grammar and exercises; Mr. Hoyt, Mr. Akerly and Mr. L. arrived. 28th.--Mr. Adams examined on Pearson, Nicholson on the Church Catechism, and Hebrew grammar; some Hebrew psalms, which were chanted; Faber on Election. Mr. S. Breck invited us all to tea; in the evening sermons were read by Ingraham and Leach. 29th.--Adams examined on Home and Prideaux; Breck, on Sewell's Christian Morals; in evening, heard sermons. 30th.--Miller, Akerly, Hoyt and Keene started on foot; services and Communion early; stage came after 2; Adams and Breck and some of the students at the gate with me.
May 6th, Racine. "Convocation met at 8; present, Adams, Breck, Unonius, Miller, Akerly, Hoyt, Louderback, Millett, Hatch, Marks and Ruger. During the session we determined to have an itinerant missionary, who is to go over all the northern parts of the Territory, and along the Mississippi before the 29th of July, when he is to meet me in Milwaukee, where we are to have a missionary meeting; we determined to have a primary convention in June, '47. 7th.--I consecrated the church by the name of St. Luke's; nearly all the clergy in surplices; Breck read the endowment, and Millett the act of consecration; a full congregation. I confirmed 8 at night. Convocation met again at night, and I promised $200 to the missionary here. 8th--Convocation met; ordained S. K. Miller to the priesthood; left at 4; very windy; difficult for the boat to get to the pier; injured; could not get started till 7; off Milwaukee by 9; ran into the river; could not go ashore. At last, about midnight, Mr. Akerly and the ladies got off."
In a letter to the Domestic Committee, after giving the names of the places where he wishes to send clergymen, the Bishop writes: "This is perhaps the most promising field within the United States. During the present year the Domestic Committee in all probability will be relieved from affording any further aid to Green Bay, Milwaukee. Southport, the Norwegian and Nashotah Missions. What encouragement to labour in such a country! Could I now offer, as in former times, $250 per annum, with an outfit, I believe every vacancy could be supplied in a few months. During next Lent I hope to admit several young men to Orders. Poor as the people are, I intend to throw these young men upon them, that they may show at once their value of the Gospel by contributing towards its support. I hope the full amount will be granted to Wisconsin. There are now in the Territory 150,000 souls. There will probably be 200,000 before October 1, '47."
'45. In speaking of Mr. Unonius' letter the Living Church says that "it is affecting to read the loving message of the dear old Swedish priest, who shared the toils and privations of the early days in the Wisconsin wilderness. * * Forty-two years ago he was studying for the ministry at Nashotah. May the Lord lighten the darkness of his declining years."
'62. Rev. D. D. Chapin spent a day here during the Easter octave. We are pleased to report that his health is decidedly better. Several of the Church periodicals have recently contained contributions from his valuable pen.
'65. Rev. G. A. Whitney is doing good work in his new station at Winnetka.
'67. The Living Church increases markedly both in circulation and in general worth, under the able editorship of Dr. Leffingwell. Whatever he touches seems to be a foregone success.
'69. We had the pleasure of meeting the Rev. S. H. Woodford in Milwaukee recently. He was in his customary good health, and was accompanied by a bright little daughter.
'70. Rev. H. H. Van Deusen prospers in his work at Baldwin, Wis., to which he is devoted. He also has a mission at Wilson.
'72. As will be seen in the "C. and C." we enjoyed a visit of some days from Rev. B. A. Brown. He was obliged on account of the precarious health of his father to resign his cure at Methuen, and has now taken temporary charge at Albion, W. Mich. His visit did us all good.
'73. Fr. Benson gives warm commendation of our good friend Dr. Huson. He proves invaluable in his sphere of work at Cowley. The impression is quite general that, the Doctor will come to America this fall.
'73. Mrs. Ward writes (from Hot Springs, Ark.,) that she has reason to feel encouraged with the effect the baths have already had on her husband. Some of the physicians give her the hope that they may confer a real and lasting benefit on Mr. Ward. Noticing our item about Mr. Ward, in its last issue the Church Standard says, and we reiterate, "Many prayers will be offered that the hopes of Mrs. Ward may be fulfilled. The editor of the Western Church would be welcomed back to the chair he so ably occupied, with hearty good will."
'80. Rev. J. A. Bevington shows by his letters that he is very busy, and they also give the impression that his health is improved.
'80. Rev. Horace Gates is getting on well at Windsor, C. N. Y., whither he has just gone. He uses a bicycle with much effect.
'82. Rev. C. S. Sleight spent a day at the seminary some two weeks ago. He spoke with feeling of the winter at Superior, Wis.
'83. Rev. A. T. Colt has become a missionary in the "Church Mission to Deaf Mutes."
'84. L. H. Schubert has just left Bermuda for his home in Dutchess Co., N. Y. Though he will not return to Nashotah this year as a student, the SCHOLIAST extends a cordial invitation to him to come as a visitor.
This late utterance of Herbert Spencer, given in an article on religion three months ago, is certainly instructive, as it is encouraging. The capitals are his own and were retained in spite of adverse criticism among some of his followers:
"But amid the mysteries which become the more mysterious the more they are thought about, there will remain the one absolute certainty that he (man) is ever in the presence of an Infinite and Eternal Energy, from which all things proceed."
Fifty cents, in advance, for volume of eight numbers. Single copies, five cents to subscribers; otherwise, ten cents. Special arrangements made for extra copies. Money orders or cheques to be sent on Oconomowoc, Wis. Please do not send stamps, if avoidable. Address on business, etc., Editor of the Nashotah Scholiast, Nashotah, Waukesha Co., Wisconsin.
Entered at Nashotah P. O., Wis., as second class matter. Printed by BURLESON BROS., SUSSEX, Wis.
WE will be pardoned, we trust, if we take advantage of this good time and place to speak briefly of several matters.
To say that we have not been gratified by the letters from many quarters with words kind, and perhaps too lenient, would be untrue, bat we can say that we realize some, at least, of our failings, and constantly try to get the better of them, and make the paper worthier of its patrons.
Our obligations are due to all who have helped, but we are especially indebted to one who seems to have spared neither time nor pains, in arranging and thus enabling us to bring out in such good shape her father's diary.
The endeavor now making to revive St. John's school, Delafield, will bring to light many of the reminiscences of that old-time institution, which will make interesting matter for our columns, with pictures of the little church and of some who served at her altar. To those who knew Dr. deKoven, Dr. Hodges, Dr. Adams and Mr. Carter, and their work there, especially in the school, we commend sincerely the earnest endeavor of Mr. S. T. Smythe and the good people of Delafield, in their attempt to revive that grand bulwark of the Church--the parish school.
It is due to his memory to state with certainty what our reviewer surmised, that some of his published sermons do not represent Dr. Ewer's ability, through inadequacy of report, haste in preparation, etc. One writes: "The truth is we were quite overpowered by the importunities of beloved friends to have certain favorite sermons printed, and we had no one to help review." Keeping this fact in mind, as well as the oratory and earnestness of Dr. Ewer, in the sermons we shall behold a noble champion of Catholic truth.
In regard to this issue, it is hoped that the fragment from Prof. Gold's course of lectures may convey some idea of their worth. This picture of Dr. Breck (which to many is the most satisfactory) will be followed by likenesses of his two companions in "the venture of faith." Instead of a fence, Shelton Hall should be surrounded by its beautiful massive hedge.
--Mrs. Dr. Kemper spent a few days of last week in Portage, Wis.
--Mrs. Cole and Miss Mary are spending a few days at Richmond, Va.
--Mr. P. W. Roberts, of. Milwaukee, spent last Sunday, the 4th, with us.
--The prospect for next year's Junior class seems good. Dr. Cole has received seven applications, already.
--We are pleased to report that Mrs. Lamplugh, who has been quite sick, is very much improved in health.
--Commemoration Day at Kemper Hall, Kenosha, is the 24th of this month. This grand memorial to the Bishop is in exceptionally good condition, thanks to the untiring work of the Sisters.
--Mr. J. U. Graf, of the Senior class, has our heartfelt sympathy in his great affliction--the death of his mother.
--The pictures recently taken of the chapel and some of the Bishop White Hall rooms, prove very satisfactory.
--Prof. Riley spent Sunday, May 11th, at Racine College, where he preached, going to Kenosha the day following.
--The burial of Dr. L. W. Weeks took place on Friday, May 9th. Dr. Adams read the service at the "Farm," and the body was taken thence to Milwaukee.
--The sympathy and prayers of all are assured to Mr. and Mrs. Olson in their poignant grief. May the souls of their dear children through the mercy of Christ rest in peace.
--Dr. Sperry writes from Oysterville, W. T. "This is West." His sister, Miss Mattie, leaves Delafield about the middle of the month for Boston, to enter the Sisterhood of the Nativity.
--The Bishop of Fond du Lac preaches before the General Theological Seminary, May 25th. We pray that his cathedral may be financially the stronger for his Eastern trip.
--The Church Standard has made quite a quotation from Mr. McKim's valuable contributions, "Shintoism and Buddhism." Also a merited allusion to the review of Dr. Ewer's sermons, contained in the April number.
--The following officers of the Bishop Welles Brotherhood, were chosen at the recent election: President, J. Jameson; secretary, S. T. Smythe; treasurer, R. H. Weller; historian, B. C. Lamplugh; editor-in-chief, E. S. Welles; business manager, J. H. Sellers.
--We understand that an attempt is about to be made to revive "St. John's Hall," Delafield. This school in old days did its work. It is consecrated by many memories to the hearts of Churchmen in this diocese. O Lord, revive Thy work in the midst of the years.
--The Brotherhood is in receipt of an invitation from the trustees of St. Mary's Orphanage, to be present at the laying of the foundation stones of the Industrial and Incurable Cottages, for May 14th. The Rev. D. I. Odell, '77, is the Warden, and we heartily wish him GOD speed.
--The Bishop of the diocese visited St. John's church, Delafield, on Sunday, May 5th. The confirmation class numbered 7. The Bishop preached a most interesting sermon from the text, ''For ye are dead and your life is hid with Christ in God." The Rt. Rev. Father appeared very much pleased with signs of vigor and enthusiasm manifested on all sides.
--The Rev. B. A. Brown, of Massachusetts, celebrated the Holy Eucharist at seven o'clock, on the Feast of SS. Philip and James. Morning Prayer was said at ten o'clock by the Rev. Dr. Kemper, assisted by the Rev. Mr. Brown, after which the Holy Eucharist was celebrated by the Rev. Dr. Adams. Evening Prayer followed at five o'clock, said by the Rev. Mr. Riley.
--Dr. Hobart dates a letter at Fish Kill Village, N. Y., on St. Mark's Day, in which he acknowledges "the Magazine that speaks so creditably for the life and spirit of Nashotah and its scholars." In this connection it is interesting to know that earnest endeavors are being made to have Dr. Hobart here to preach on St. Peter's Day. It is needless to say how much the realization of this plan would please all friends of the Institution, both of the older and younger generation.
--Our President preached at St. Peter's Church, New York, on May 4. He writes: "the SCHOLIAST continues to make me proud of Nashotah, and of the Bishop Welles Brotherhood. Would that I could send you a contribution, but I am squeezed dry between two mill stones, the Daily Bread and the Endowment, and have not any juice left in me. * * * The last number of the SCHOLIAST is a very rich number. This volume is worthy of a place in the Library of every one interested in Nashotah. I hope all the Alumni will have it bound."
--At a recent meeting of the Faculty it was
Resolved: That the secretary be directed to present to the Rev. Prof. Gold the sincere thanks of the Faculty for the very interesting and instructive course of lectures on Liturgies, which he has delivered to the students of this House, thereby enabling them to feel that the temporary absence of the professor in this department, has been most ably supplied.
Dr. Adams took occasion at the time to speak in the highest terms of the judicial fairness, literary merit and deep research shown by Prof. Gold.
--The Bishop made his annual visitation of Holy Innocents' church on the afternoon of the third Sunday after Easter. The chancel was appropriately decorated, and the congregation as large as the building would accommodate. Evening Prayer was said by the rector, the Rev. Dr. Adams, assisted by the Rev. Mr. Burleson of Sussex, after which the Bishop preached from the text, ''That I may know Him and the power of His resurrection," a sermon which will long be remembered by those who were fortunate enough to have heard it. He then confirmed ten boys and six girls, the largest class ever confirmed in that church, after which he left for Sussex.
Every day brings us evidence that "Nashotah" Is still a charmed name for that large number of persons, now, unhappily, growing less and less, who remember the period of faith and struggle which gave it birth. The children of Nashotah's old friends and benefactors, to say nothing of the newer friends GOD has given us, seem to take up the tradition of affection and interest.
It has been thought that to all these, or to many of them, a brief description of the daily routine of the House may not be uninteresting. We like to know the life of Institutions, as we are always interested in the lives of persons. Institutions, like individuals, have a characteristic life and spirit; and as in the case of persons the daily life speaks of their spirit, so the daily life and routine of an establishment tells something of the soul beneath.
We propose, therefore, to carry our friends with us into the details of our daily life. The order of things is as follows:
On Sundays, Thursdays, and Feast Days, 6:30 A.M. rising bell.
Other days, 7:15, rising bell. 7:45, breakfast.
9, lecture or recitation of the "first hour."
11, lecture or recitation of "second hour."
12 M., lecture or recitation of "third hour."
1 P. M., 1st bell for dinner.
1:10, 2nd bell for dinner.
2 to 5, recreation.
6 to 9, study.
9, Office in Oratory.
9, study and bed.
On Sundays, Thursdays, and Feast Days, at 7 A. M., there is a Celebration of the Holy Mysteries in the Seminary Chapel. This service is always voluntary and Pastoral. On Sundays and Feast Days there is an additional Celebration of the Holy Communion after Morning Prayer at 10 o'clock. This service which is Academic and Parochial, students are expected to attend, unless excused. At this service, moreover, the Professors celebrate in turn, or by arrangement with each other.
On Sunday mornings a sermon is always preached by the Professor who celebrates. After Evening Prayer, during Lent and at other times, Pastoral Instructions or Meditations, as the case may be, are given.
Before Chapel there is always the ceremony of "Roll Call," which lingers rather as a tradition than as a necessity. It is a survival of the days when the large number of "preparatory" students made a strict discipline very necessary.
Another survival of those days is that at "Roll Call" the students take their positions in the Corridor, where the ceremony takes place, in the reverse order of their classes. The custom used to be to go to Chapel after roll call in strict processional solemnity and in this order. This edifying practice no longer obtains.
Bishop White Hall and one of the adjacent buildings are dormitories only. The Refectory stands at some little distance off, where the junior Professors, the Curator and family, with the students, take their meals in common in a commodious Dining Hall--60 feet long by 32 wide. We hope some day to see upon the walls of the Dining Hall the portraits in oil of our venerable Founders, and of the Bishops of the Diocese, who in their order have presided over the Institution. At dinner grace is chanted; at breakfast and tea it is said. The discipline (we might rather say, the etiquette), of the Dining Hall is simple, the liberty of students being re-restricted in a few particulars--such as the obligation of remaining at dinner until the thanksgiving is sung, abstinence from conversation across the Hall, etc. There is a tradition that once upon a time all "exciting topics" of conversation were forbidden in Hall. This particular, however, is now left to the good breeding and good taste of all concerned. The students sit at separate tables according to their classes, the Seniors, however, being placed at the "High Table," as they say in England. The Professors resident in Bishop White Hall, the Curator and family, and all guests are also placed at this table.
After dinner there is "recreation" until five P.M. This period of the day is taken up by some in boating, by others in reading in their rooms or under the trees, by some in cricket or base-ball, by some in walking along the road-aides, or in the woods, or by the banks of the lakes; men very lazily disposed may at times be seen in hammocks under the spreading oaks, either reading or dreaming (day dreams).
Nothing can be more delightful than the out of door life at Nashotah. The scenery is full of quiet and soothing beauty; everything calming, nothing exciting (for even landscapes have a moral quality). The air is bright, and pure, and sweet; the trees are vocal with birds of different species (robins, blue-jays, orioles and wrens), while here and there a squirrel dashes up a tree, or a rabbit bounds across the lawn. In the depth of the woods near by nature is almost audible in its tendencies; along the shores of the lakes the little waves ripple and gurgle to the lazy droning of the bees and the soft soughing of the summer air. Except these sounds of nature, with the far off crowing of a cock, the baying of a hound or the stroke of an oar, there reigns a delicious and religious silence, in which the "peace of GOD" seems to settle down upon the spirit. GOD gave to our Founders what He has almost invariably given to those whom He has called to establish religious houses, a site of loveliness, in which He, the Eternal Beauty, might ever be felt to embrace them.
At five, as has been indicated, Evening Prayer is said; then follows tea, study, and lastly, the concluding office of the day, which is said at 9 p. M. in the "oratory," of Bishop White Hall. The "oratory" is but a "large upper room," fitted up with simple decency as a place where the students and professors resident at the Hall can meet and offer their prayers as a family, not as an academic body. With this office the day closes.
Thus the days and weeks go by; ah, how quickly! Time no where else seems to pass so rapidly as at Nashotah; probably because each hour has its duties and occupations, and so there is no time for ennui.
Nashotah always remains, it is said, in the memory of her sons, as a beautiful dream of peace, of holy stillness, of consecrated study, of nature in her sweetest moods. Were this beautiful home ever to be given up for want of endowment, the sons of Nashotah would mourn over her prayerless shrines, over the neglected graves of her dead, over her lost and abandoned beauty, as the sons of Iona mourned over their holy places, silent and forsaken, trodden under foot by strangers, to whom the story of her Saints and Founders was but as an idle tale.
We trust that GOD will avert desolation from our holy House. We confidently believe that the prayer which has been said here for forty years (almost half a century), that GOD "may be worshipped" in this House "in truth and purity through all generations," will not have been offered in vain, but that the good GOD will put it speedily into the hearts of some of His moneyed servants to "take our feet out of the mire and clay," and "set them in a large room."
It is intended to render this section of The Scholiast valuable by publishing "budgets" from St. Augustine's, Canterbury, and all the theological schools in the land which are in communion with the Church. By issuing each month letters from some one of our Seminaries it will be happily practicable to get a general knowledge, and interest in all our institutions. Indeed, one can readily imagine the good resulting from a realization of our earnest wish in this matter. We anticipate kindly co-operation in our endeavor.
RACINE COLLEGE.--Few outside of Nashotah realize what a potent and actual factor in our student life, are the lives of our Nashotah saints who have passed beyond the vail.
The memory of the Warden of Racine is by no means the least influential. He is in our minds very often. The acts and words of that Sir Galahad of American Catholicism who found the Holy Grail for us, thrill the soul and mould the life of many a young man here today.
To this fact the feeling that Racine is part of ourselves is due, as well as to the fact that Dr. deKoven was sent forth from Nashotah to do his great work of refounding Racine on a Churchly and lasting basis, and to send back from thence to us those desiring to become laborers in the Church of God.
The recent changes in the College, indicative of wisdom and energy, will consequently be watched with interest by us all.
First, examinations for entrance to the College will be held this year by the several members of the Faculty, in Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul, and Indianapolis, June 23-24. These will prove convenient to students, and should greatly augment the number in Taylor Hall.
The second change is, that "For students wishing to enter an advanced class in technical schools (schools of mines, engineering, etc.,) or to enter commercial- life without a full liberal education, the Warden and Faculty have met the wishes of their friends and now offer a three years' course in modern. languages, natural sciences, mathematics, English, etc. Students completing this course, and passing satisfactory examinations, will receive a diploma as "Bachelors of science."
In times past too many friends of the College have been, satisfied with the feeling, inevitable as they look at the buildings and the boys, "Si monumentum requires, circumspice" Yet these very friends would be the last to deny, on thought, the cogency and truth of the reasons set forth by the committee for the erection of the deKoven Memorial Hall, as there should be a monument fitting and abiding ever as a special reminder of him by whose name it will be called. England has shown goodly wisdom in our day, by returning to the custom of raising for her saints, true memorials. Cambridge has her Selwyn Hall; Oxford has her Keble Hall, and soon will have her grand "Pusey Library." GOD grant to Racine such a memorial as shall exemplify the greatness of His servant, James deKoven.
1. THE CONDITION OF THE AMERICAN EPISCOPAL CHURCH BEFORE THE REVOLUTION.
Being one Lecture of the Course delivered by Prof. Gold before the faculty and Students of Nashotah.
VIRGINIA.--The original company contained, among others, such men as Sir Edwin Sandys, the pupil of Hooker and Nicholas Ferrar, the friend of George Herbert and head of the monastic establishment at Little Gidding, mentioned in Walton's Lives.
In the revised charter of 1620 which they sent out, their love of the Church is attested by certain provisions which they made for the maintenance of the clergy.
The first legislature of Virginia made further provision for the Church, by appropriating £200 worth of corn and tobacco, as the yearly stipend of each clergyman, and an hundred acres as a glebe in every borough, for which the Company agreed to provide tenants. Having made these provisions they applied to the Bishop of London for a body of "pious, learned and painful ministers."
Through the influence of the Company, funds for Church building and plate flowed into the colony in large amounts, and in giving instructions to the early governors, the same paternal corporation did not omit to press upon their attention the interests of the Church.
In 1622 seven laws were passed by the Colonial legislature, by which the Church was fully established. These laws enforced attendance at public worship; provided for uniformity of faith and worship with the English Church; prescribed the observance of the Holy Days, and enjoined respectful treatment and the payment of a settled stipend to the clergy.
The charter, under which these good foundations were laid, was abrogated in 1624, and the management of affairs transferred to the interested courtiers of the King; but this, of course, brought about no change in the beneficent laws so far made.
The Virginia Colony had no sympathy with the promoters of the Great Rebellion, and even succeeded against the Puritan administration, in vindicating for herself the right of retaining the Book of Common Prayer, after it had been forbidden by law at home. The Cavaliers took refuge in Virginia in great numbers, and the King was proclaimed there 16 months before the Restoration.
At this time, however, the Church was reduced under-the Puritan rule to a very weak condition. Glebes had been alienated; churches and parsonages had fallen into decay. The first steps now taken restored the ancient basis of religious matters, and externally all was in the same position as before the rise of the Puritan power; but in reality the earlier religious spirit was never revived. The new clergy who came out to the colony, were, for the most part, unworthy of their calling and careless of their duties; and thus, though during the next fifty or sixty years there was no upgrowth of dissent, this was not so much owing to zeal for the Church, as to coldness in religion on every hand.
About 1740 the clergy became entangled in a contest over their stipends, which was settled in their favor by the courts, but resulted in a great deal of bitterness towards them on the part of the laity. Following which the Baptists made very rapid progress, and various sects began to lift up their standards.
The low tone to which the Virginian Church had fallen at the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, is strikingly indicated by events of 1771. At that time a strong appeal was sent to the mother country for an American Episcopate. In this, however, the Virginian clergy were so lukewarm, to say the least, that when called together in order to consider it, too few appeared to transact any business; and when subsequently twelve were assembled, four of that number protested publicly against the proposed appeal, whereupon the legislature, two-thirds nominal Churchmen, gave to the protestors an unanimous vote of thanks.
NEW ENGLAND.--Passing now to New England we have at the start a precisely opposite state of things. The Church, instead of being in the ascendant, is despised and persecuted. The Independent, or Puritan system, is established by law in the two principal colonies of Massachusetts and Connecticut.
The spirit which prevailed is sufficiently indicated by words such as these from the famous Cotton Mather: "The composition of Common Prayer and ceremonies, is a sinful violation of the worship of GOD." "To say that men ought to have liberty of conscience," said another of their great authorities, "is impious ignorance. Religion admits of no eccentric notions." Two brothers in Salem undertook to "uphold, in their own house, for such as would resort unto them, the Common Prayer worship." But they were quickly called before the magistrates, "and so handled as to be induced to leave the Colony forthwith."
The fundamental principles of the New Haven settlement declared "that all vicars, rectors, deans, priests and bishops are of the devil--are wolves, petty popes, and anti-Christian tyrants. One of the Connecticut Blue Laws (the authenticity of which, however, is now denied) was as follows; "No one shall make mince pies, keep Christmas, read the Book of Common Prayer or play on any instrument of music except the drum, trumpet and Jew's harp." When the overthrow of the Church in England became known in the colonies, their rapture broke forth in words like these: "This is the Lord's doing and ought to be marvellous in our eyes. * * I have snared thee and thou art taken, O Babylon. * * These, proud Anakim, are thrown down, and their glory laid in the dust. The tyrranous bishops are expelled, their courts dissolved, their canons forceless, their service cashiered, their ceremonies useless and despised, and the proud and profane supporters and cruel defenders of these marvellously overthrown; and are not these great things? Who can deny it?"
Such was the position of affairs in New England for the greater part of the first century from its settlement. But in 1701 the Venerable Society for the Propagation of the Gospel was founded, for the express purpose of promoting the cause of the Church in America. At this time there were, in all New England, but four who called themselves ministers of the Church, of England; but supported by the funds of the society, their number soon began to increase.
About this time Yale College was founded. Its president was Dr. Timothy Cutler, and three of the chief instructors were Messrs. Johnson, Brown and Wetmore. Of these, Johnson had already felt the influence of the good work of the society, a Prayer Book having come into his hands with which he was so fascinated, that he had made constant use of it during the period of his ministrations within the established Congregational system.
But this influence was deepened and extended to other minds than his own by the careful perusal and discussion of the standard writers of the Church of England. The result was a movement for which the American Church has reason to this day to be most devoutly thankful. These four men decided to abjure their Congregational ministry and submit to the Church. Their decision was announced to the trustees of the College, at the Commencement of 1722, and created intense excitement. In the words of Pres. Woolsey, "I suppose that greater alarm would scarcely be awakened now, if the Theological Faculty of the College were to declare for the Church of Rome, avow their belief in transubstantiation, and pray to the Virgin Mary." "This event shook Congregationalism throughout New England, like an earthquake, and filled all its friends with terror and apprehension." (Quincy.) It laid the foundation of a Churchmanship of a stronger and more primitive type than that which in the Southern colonies presented a feeble imitation of the state of things in the mother country, without adaptation to altered circumstances. This movement has left admirable, and now happily indelible, traces upon our ecclesiastical system and the Prayer Book itself.
From the moment of this remarkable movement from Yale College, the Church in Connecticut continued, in the face of every adverse influence to increase and prosper, until she was at length able, in 1726, to obtain some concessions in the direction of religious liberty from the jealous government of the colony.
At the outbreak of the Revolution the number of congregations in the Episcopal Church in Connecticut, amounted to 73, against 167 of the Congregationalists (80 old lights, 87 new lights), all others together amounting to 58.
THE MIDDLE STATES.--The Church and her Liturgy have hardly any history in the intermediate colonies of New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, until close upon the era of the Revolution.
In New York, Trinity Church had been founded upon the evacuation of the Dutch in 1667, and was endowed by the governor in 1696, with the freehold of the property known as the "King's farm."
In Philadelphia were two parishes at the commencement of the Revolution, both under one rector.
The Church in these Middle Colonies was neither established by law, as in the case of those further south, nor was it subject to persecution, as in the Eastern Colonies.
Thus, to sum up, we find three distinct types of Church life.
1. In Virginia, Maryland and the Carolinas the Church is established, but utterly inefficient; low in tone, loose in doctrine and discipline, and exerting little or no moral power.
2. In Connecticut and Massachusetts the Church rises up from nothing, without the help of any outside force, and obtains the respect of her enemies, and becomes a clearly recognized moral power. Her life is fresh and vigorous, and every way encouraging.
3. In the Middle Colonies we do not discover the laxity and inefficiency of the southern Church, nor do we, on the other hand, find the strength of conviction and the high and confident tone of the East. New York sympathizes, to some extent, with the tone of Connecticut Churchmanship, while Pennsylvania and New Jersey fraternize with the Southern brethren.
This comparison will prepare you for the position of the various parties which come to light in the revision of the Prayer Book.
ONE of our Alumni is responsible for this:
"Now, gentlemen," said Dr.------, in the course of a lecture, "I wish you to take notes on this point." All, but one member, produced their books. The Dr. noticed him, and said, "Mr.------ you are not taking notes." "Yes sir, I am." "You have no book." "I am taking them in my head, Dr." "Oh, I see, like the ancients, writing on a block of wood."
The undersigned gratefully acknowledges, in behalf of Nashotah Mission, the following Easter and other offerings during the month of April, 1884:
FOR DAILY BREAD,--Arthur F. Bissell, $25; Mrs. A. M. Minturn, 10; Mrs. Ward, 5; G. Nome, 10; a graduate of Nashotah, 36; an old friend, 1; Arnold & Co., 20; cash, 10; S. M. Cruger, 10; A. A. and A. H. G., 10; in memory of the Rev. Dr. Breck, 10; W. A. C., 5; W. A. S., 10; H. C. D., 10; alms box in the chapel, 5.98; Mrs. M. 8. Satterlee, 25; St. Stephen's, Providence, R.I., 16.25; Miss H.K Benjamin, 1; G. T., 10; R. P. Flower, 10; Mrs. M Bolster, 1; Mrs. P. Eastman Johnson, 10; H. M. H., 25; R. Fulton Cutting, 50; M. P., 1; Geo. H. Webster, 25; C. A. 8., 5; Mrs. Wm. T. Barster, 10; Alden, Cass & Edison, 5; F. H.C.,1; James S. Cox, 10; W. H. Delancey, 10; James C. Fargo, 10; "In memoriam," 10; per Rev. D. D. Van Antwerp, 11; "For Nashotah," 1; Christ Church, Green Bay, 3.94; Walter M. Wells, 10; Ann Eliza Cook, 5; Alumnus, 1; three friends, Zion, Greene, N. Y., 20; Christ, Delavan, 6.25; in memoriam, A. A. Anarius, 5; Grace, Kirkwood, Mo., 20; Jessie White, 2; St. Luke's, Baltimore, 10; Mrs. H. Perry, Trinity, Southport, Conn., 10; Rev. Wm. S. Hayward, 2; M. J. Hoskins, 3; F. A. and H. M. D., Christ, Salina, Kansas, 4; St Andrew's, Meriden, Conn., 15; Miss Julia Pomeroy and sister, 3; S. S. Grace, Louisville, 4.42; "May God bless Nashotah," 10; Christ, Stratford, Conn., 4; S. S. St. Mark's, Chicago, 100; Rev. Dr. Mulchahey, 20; T. P. B., 2; Francis C. Hall, 5; Trinity, Geneva, N. Y., 11; Women's Sewing Society, do., 25; W. E. F. and J. A. in memory of dear papa who loved Nashotah, do., 11.25; Mrs. E. Mather, Trinity, Cleveland, O., 50; Mrs. Wm. H. Aspinwall, 100; two friends in Princesse Anne, Md., 2; Christ, Pomfret, Conn, 5; Grace, Suisun, Cal., 3; Grace, Salem, Mass., 20; S. S. St. Peter's, Salem, Mass., 25; W. K., Memphis, 1; St. John's, Chenango, Forks, N. Y., 2.18; S. S., do., 3; S. S. St. Thomas', Bethel, Conn., 13.53; Saviour's, Maspeth, L. I., 281.78; E. A S., Grace, Albany, 5; J. G., Providence, R. I., 5; a member, St. Paul's, New Haven, 5; friends of Nashotah, Trinity, New Haven, 7; S. S. class of communicants, Good Shepherd, St. Paul, Minn., 5.57; Redeemer, Superior City, 15; St. John's, Johnstown, N. Y., 20; Rev. Dr. Barton, 4; Rev. B. F. Cooley, 10; O. E. Stockton, 5; cash. 1; cash, 1; McKee Swift, 25; St. Peter's Dansville, N. Y., 10; a member, Christ, Springfield, Mass., 10; Lemuel Coffin, 25; Mrs. A. M. Leavit, 2: Miss Virginia Wiltre, 1; Miss E. Clement, 2.
FOR ENDOWMENT.--Arthur F. Bissell, 50; Miss A. B. Smith, 10; Miss Ellen Merrill's S. S. class, St. Paul's, Norwalk, Conn., 26.
A. D. COLE, President of Nashotah Mission.
Nashotah, Waukesha Co., Wis, May 6, 1884.
A Theological School founded in 1841 by the Rev. Messrs. Breck, Adams and Hobart under the patronage of the Rt. Rev. Dr. Kemper, first Missionary Bishop of the American Church.
The Child of faith, it seeks to educate its Students in the power and life and works of Faith. Its Professors and Students are still, as they have been since its foundations, "pauperes Christi." They are still dependent as they must be until endowments shall be secured, upon the benefactions of the Faithful.
Faculty.--Rt. Rev. E. R. WELLES, S. T. D. Rev. A. D. COLE, D. D., President, Pastor, and Peter Hubble Professor of Pastoral Theology. Rev. WM. ADAMS, D.D., Professor of Systematic Divinity. Rev. LEWIS A. KEMPER, D. D., Professor of Exegesis, Biblical Literature and Hebrew. Rev. T. M. RILEY, M. A., Professor of Ecclesiastical History.
Mr. Richard Humphrey, Curator.
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Founded, 1868; Enlarged, 1872 and 1880; Destroyed by Fire, 1883. Re-built and Re-furnished, 1883.
Rev. Dr. McNAMARA, President.
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