Project Canterbury

Doctor Tucker, Priest-Musician:
A Sketch which Concerns the Doings and Thinkings of
the Rev. John Ireland Tucker, S.T.D.
Including a Brief Converse about the Rise and Progress of Church Music in America.

By Christopher W. Knauff, M.A.

New York: A.D.F. Randolph, 1897.

Chapter VII. The Deacon in Charge

At last the newly-fledged cleric goes to Troy, to stay. He settles down for his lifelong performance of duty.

The Church building, which is ready, includes at first only a square nave, with a little square tower in front. Nathan B. Warren was its designer, himself drawing the plans. Arrangements for the consecration were not completed; instead, there is an "opening service." Mrs. Mary Warren, in her diary, recounts the method of procedure; a few extracts are given:

December 24th, 1844. Mr. Tucker arrived today and has made arrangements for opening our little Church tomorrow, by permission of the Bishop.

Christmas Day. We were permitted to meet in the Church of the Holy Cross both morning and evening. After service in the morning we went to St. Paul's to receive the Holy Communion, and at four o'clock we assembled in our new Church again, when we had the full choral service both morning and evening: it was exceedingly fine, and Mr. Tucker gave us a beautiful sermon. After evening service we returned home; the children of the school 81 in number with their teachers all came to wish us a merry Christmas, and see their Christmas tree, and receive their presents which as usual consisted of books, pocket knives, cakes, candies and fruit. Dr. Potter and family, Mr. Williams of Schenectady and several of our friends came in to see the Christmas tree.

In Troy there is a tradition that the opening service took place on the eve of Christmas. According to Mrs. Warren, however, the first office occurred on Christmas day in the morning.

The order started with a "Choral" office at the Holy Cross, after which the Deacon in charge preached his first sermon to his people. The congregation then removed in a body, going from the Holy Cross to the mother Church (St. Paul's), there to receive the Holy Communion.

The diary proceeds:

January 1st, 1845. This day has been passed as all New Years' are generally passed in receiving visits from our friends. Mr. Tucker dined with us, and we had not the usual number of visitors.

6th. Feast of Epiphany. We had service in our Church this morning, and had several of our clergy there, among whom were Mr. Williams (who preached a most excellent sermon), Mr. Bissell, Van Kleeck, Fairbairn, Van Rensselaer, and Dr. Potter came in time to dine with us. We had Mr. Tucker and his father and sister, Mr. Williams and his mother, Mr. Fairbairn, Mr. Van Rensselaer. After dinner we went over to Mr. Joseph Warren's to attend a clerical party.

7th. Visited the school with Mr. Tucker's family, and heard the children sing.

Saturday, 11th. Mr. Tucker and daughter and son dined with us and Mary Cannon; we had a pleasant dinner.

Sunday, 12th. Major Tucker and daughter went to Church with us at St. Paul's in the morning, and in the evening we all went up to the Holy Cross, where we heard a most beautiful sermon from these words: "And all they that heard it wondered at those things which were told them by the shepherds. But Mary kept all these things, and pondered them in her heart."

Monday, I3th. This has been a very snowy day. I called to see Major Tucker's family this morning to say good bye to them, and visited the school.

Sunday, igth. Commenced having service this morning at half past 10 o'clock. The day has been exceedingly cold, and the walking never was more slippery. We had

another beautiful sermon from Mr. T-----; in the evening he catechised the children.

Feb'y 2nd. Sunday Morning. Attended the Church of the Holy Cross, altho' it was exceedingly cold and slippery. Heard a sweet sermon from Mr. Tucker from I Corinthians 13 chap, and 13 verse: "And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity." It was the best sermon I ever heard from this text of Scripture, and intended as an introductory sermon to our Sunday offerings. A collection was taken up after, but our congregation was unusually small: there was but $3 received on the occasion. We had service again at 4 o'clock and a baptism; the first child that was baptized in our beautiful stone font.--It belongs to Mr. Roden, an Englishman, and the child's name was Robert Stephen.

5th. Ash Wednesday. Attended the Church of the Holy Cross in a tremendous snowstorm, and of course had a small congregation. From this day we commence our daily service.

6th. Attended Church this morning at n o'clock, altho' we have had a heavy fall of snow. Our congregation was small--the children of the school are having a vacation now, consequently but a part of the children are in Church.

7th and 8th. Attended Church both mornings; had a good attendance both of children and adults. The music very good; Nathan plays the organ for the daily service and plays very well too. Old Mr. Sheldon died this morning at 7 o'clock; he is the father of Miss Pierce. His funeral is to be attended tomorrow.

22nd. Saturday. At Church again; being a warm springlike morning 60 of the school present. After service went to see Mrs. Clarkson with Mr. Tucker, and he promised to give the old woman a load of wood. This evening Miss Sutherland and Miss Douglass took tea with us, also Mr. Tucker.

33rd. Sunday. Went to the Holy Cross this morning and heard another sweet sermon from Mr. T-----. St. Luke, ii chap, and 2nd v.: "He that is not with me is against me." Mr. T-----improves every Sunday, each sermon seems better than the last. How fortunate we have been in getting so good and excellent a man! A kind Providence has certainly smiled on us in giving us all that we could desire; he is truly a watchful shepherd, looking constantly and persevcringly after the lambs of his fold in the dear little children of our school--and seems to do it too with so much kindness and affection-- and not only the children but their parents and all who attend the Church of the Holy Cross. This afternoon, went to St. Paul's to hear Mr. Van Kleeck--it being so rainy I have been prevented going up to the Holy Cross to the 4 o'clock service. This is the first time I have missed any service in our dear little Church, and I have been greatly disappointed in not being able to go, as my sons say I have lost much in the lecture and catechism as well as good music. Mr. Tucker dined with us to-day as he usually does on Sundays.

March 8th. Had a pleasant visit from the Rev. J. H. Hobart and Mr. Williams; they attended the services of the Holy Cross and dined with us.

21st. Good Friday Morning. Found Major Tucker and daughter at the Holy Cross this morning, when we went up to the service. Had a large congregation and a most excellent sermon. In the afternoon, had prayers and no sermon. Saturday went to service in the morning and to Church in the afternoon to hear the choir practice. The evening the Tuckers passed with us.

23rd. Easter Sunday. This morning is cold but pleasant; had a large congregation and a beautiful sermon. The whole school in attendance, 80 in number, all in their new dresses--blue plaid calico, bonnets fawn color trimmed with blue, white gloves and white capes. Our music was never finer, 6 gentlemen volunteered their services to sing with the choir--the two Mr. Concics, Mr. Brinkerhoof, Mr. Clark, Mr. Ilsley and Mr. Hopkins; Major T----- also accompanied them. We had the Holy Communion administered this morning, Mr. Fairbairn assisting Mr. T-----. 33 communicants went forward to receive the consecrated elements, several of whom had never communed before. Major T-----and daughter and son dined with us, also their friend Mr. Whitlock from N. Y. and Mr. Fairbairn. Attended service again in the afternoon at 4 o'clock; had an overflowing congregation and delightful music; no sermon.

In her Easter entry, the loyal parishioner thinks naturally of her pastor as in charge of the service, which leads her to speak of Mr. Fairbairn as assisting at the office of the Holy Communion. Mr. Fairbairn, however, was Priest and Celebrant. Mr. Tucker was still in the Order of Deacons.

24th. Went to Church this morning and had Major T-----daughter and son with Mr. Whitlock to dine with us; the Major and Mr. W. left for N. Y. at 5 this afternoon and left Miss T. to pass a few days with us.

Monday, 31st. Attended Church to-day. After dinner Miss Tucker and her brother left us for New York. This evening Mr. Fairbairn took tea with us.

Another authoritative source of information is to be found in a "Book of Records "about services, etc., started by the young Deacon in charge and continued for a time. In general, the words are quoted as he wrote them, without condensation into the form of a summary.

We retrace our steps, going back to the commencement of services at the Holy Cross.

Upon the title-page of the book we read as follows:

A Record of the


Church for the poor and all people,


Deacon--first Minister of the Parish.

The entries are made in the form of a Journal, sometimes with explanations--interjected remarks--which throw light upon the subject. They begin:

In consequence of the unfortunate position of this Diocese, owing to the trial of its Bishop, it was thought expedient to open the Church of the Holy Cross, without waiting until it was consecrated. Accordingly the Church was opened for Divine Service on Christmas-day (morning and afternoon). In the morning I offered the prayers and preached, in the afternoon I was assisted at Evening Prayer by the Rev. Dr. Potter of Albany, the Rev. Mr. Williams of Schenectady, and the Rev. Messrs. Van Kleeck and Fairbairn of this city.

St. Stephen's Day. The Rev. Messrs. Williams, Van Kleeck and Fairbairn, assisted at the service; myself preached.

St. John the Evangelist, Dec. 27th. Assisted by the Rev. Messrs. Walter, Fairbairn and Van Kleeck.

The Festival of the Holy Innocents. Dec. 28th. Assisted by the Rev. Mr. Walter; myself preached.

Festival of the Circumcision. Morning Prayer at 9 o'clock.

Epiphany, Jan'y. 6th. The Rev. Mr. Williams preached.

Septuagesima, Jan'y. 10th. Introduced the regular Morning Service, previously to this having confined ourselves to the Evening Service on Sundays, and the full Morning Service on Festivals and Holydays. Now, we have on Sundays, Morning Prayer and Sermon at half past 10; Evening Prayer, followed by a Catechetical Lecture, at 4 o'clock. After the lecture, and before the congregation is dismissed, the children are assembled around the Chancel and catechized.

Conversion of St. Paul. Morning Prayer and Sermon.

Quinquagesima Sunday. Introduced "the Offertory" on Sunday mornings. In the afternoon of this day, baptized, after the second lesson, the first person at the Church of the Holy Cross.

Ash Wednesday, Feb. 4th. Very stormy--few at Church.

Feb. 5th. Introduced Daily Morning Prayer at n o'clock.

Feb. 10th. Assisted by the Rev. Messrs. Twing, Williams and Gibson.

Feb. 13th. Assisted by the Rev. Messrs. Twing and Bissell.

At divers times and occasions assisted by my kind and obliging friend, the Rev. Mr. Fairbairn, Rector of Christ Church, this city.

Feb. 22nd. The daily service is usually well attended, including the children, we generally number between 60 and 70--considerably more than "the Church quorum."

Feb. 23rd. 100 persons at the Church attending Morning Prayer.

Feb. 24th. Festival of St. Matthias. Morning Prayer and Sermon. The Rev. Messrs. Bissell, Fairbairn and Gibson were present.

March 8th. The Rev. Messrs. Hobart and Williams officiated at Morning Prayer.

March 13th. The Rev. Messrs. Fairbairn, Bruce, Selkirk and Gibson were present at Morning Prayer.

March 23rd, Easter Day. The Holy Communion was on this day administered in this Church for the first time. Rev. Mr. Fairbairn officiated for me after attending to the services in his own Church.

Remark has often been made about the number of men, prominent in future years, who clustered about the beginnings of the work in Troy. Dr. Horatio Potter was then Rector of St. Peter's, Albany; later, Bishop of New York. Mr. Williams of Schenectady is now Primus or Presiding Bishop. Mr. Kip became Bishop of California; Mr. Bissell, Bishop of Vermont. Mr. Fairbairn has been for years the honored Warden of St. Stephen's College. Messrs. Van Kleeck and Twing served the whole Church in connection with her Missionary department. These and many others are found at the services of the Holy Cross--some frequently, some constantly. We see the entry day after day about Mr. Fairbairn or Air. Van Kleeck. At dates not far removed we note other well-known names--Muhlenberg, De Koven, Wainwright, Bishop Doane of New Jersey, Buel, Mahan, Van Rensselaer, Stubbs and Haight. The fact is to be explained not merely by the pleasant association with the patroness, who was a devoted daughter of the Church, and a friend of clergy, and who manifested an apostolic grace in that she was "given to hospitality." Not only this; nor was it only the attraction of the new pastor, who began at once to exert his wide-spreading influence. Rather was it that these and other acute minds were interested in the then new development of Church life. Here was the first American example of the Church revival, about which much had been heard. Here were daily prayers; the appropriate offices for holydays, even for Ascension, a day heretofore ignored in American religion. Here again were choral services, also the unknown and fearful mysteries of Gregorian tones--features identified with the awakening. What wonder that these Priests, whose pulses stirred with sympathy, should crowd round the standard freshly set up in Troy as a beacon for the entire land! What wonder that these earnest souls should lift up their eyes unto the hills, should climb often the hill of Mount Ida, to pray and worship there!

Once more, Mrs. Warren's diary:

Saturday, April 5th. Mr. Tucker returned from N. Y. this morning, and came to breakfast with us. He gives us favorable accounts of our Bishop. We went to Church this morning, and Mr. T-----took tea with us.

Ascension Day, May 1st. Attended Church and the Holy Communion was administered. We had the pleasure of Dr. Muhlenberg to assist in the services; he also preached a most excellent sermon. His sister Mrs. Rogers and her daughter came up with him, also Major and Mrs. Tucker, and young Mr. Berryan; also we had Mr. De Koven, Berryan and Mr. Fairbairn to dine with us. Mrs. Rogers and daughter with Mrs. Tucker passed the evening with us. We took the party up to see the cottage in the afternoon.

Friday, 2nd. Went to the services of the Holy Cross this morning, and in the afternoon took Major and Mrs. Tucker with Mr. De Koven to drive to the snuff factory and around the hollow road.

Monday, 5th. Went to New York with my family this morning, all except Stephen. Stayed at the New York hotel. Went a shopping on Tuesday. Had several of our friends to see us.

Wednesday, 7th. Dined with my family at Major Tucker's; met Dr. and Mrs. Beck, Miss Sands and Miss McVicker. Had an elegant and delightful dinner.

Thursday, 8th. Went a shopping- most of the day and returned home very tired.

9th. Went this morning with Mrs. Rogers to see the new Church she is building on 20th street. It is a very beautiful gothic building, in the form of a cross; it will be large enough to contain 7 or 800 people; to be finished the first of October. We went to see Dr. Pott's Church which is now erecting; it is also gothic with beautiful stained glass windows, and I spied two ornamental crosses in the top of the windows. After driving out with Mrs. Rogers, went with Harriet and the Capt. to return visits.

11th. Whitsunday. Attended the Church of the Holy Cross to-day, and we had a large congregation and two most excellent sermons, from Mr. Tucker, very appropriate for the day. He is truly a delightful preacher as well as a most devoted and faithful pastor; he seems to have gained the affections of all his little flock both old and young. How fortunate we have been in obtaining the services of so good a man! I feel that he has been sent us by the overruling hand of Providence, and I cannot feel sufficiently thankful to our great Creator for all the belongings he so bountifully bestows upon me and mine. I see His hand in everything that concerns me. I have for the last 10 years given myself up to His guidance, and all that belongs to me or that I am interested in, feeling assured that whatever befalls us would be for the best; with the assurance I go on my way rejoicing, and have the greatest reason in the world to feel happy in being so highly favored and blessed in my undertakings by my Heavenly Father. May He continue to smile on my humble endeavors until I reach my journey's end, which cannot be far distant; and when I have passed through this vale of tears, may that ever dear and blessed Saviour receive my soul; as it leaves my frail body, may it be attended by the bright company of Angels, and commended to the Almighty Father whose creature I am and who formed me out of dust. May I not be terrified at the approach of death. Let not Satan impede my journey, but may the adorable Saviour who suffered death upon the cross for me, deliver me from all torments and death eternal, and place me forever within Paradise; and may the Good Shepherd receive me among His sheep and pardon my many sins; may I behold my blessed Redeemer face to face, and be permitted to stand in His presence and to enjoy the sweetness of Divine Contemplation for ever and ever.

Tuesday, 13th. Moved up to the cottage to-day. It has been quite summer like, and the grounds around and about the cottage are looking beautiful. I attended morning prayers at the Holy Cross before we moved up.

27th. Tuesday. Five clergymen present at a weekday service.

Friday, May 30th. At the Holy Cross at prayers this morning, Messrs. Walter and Fairbairn assisted Air. T. with the services. Visited the school in the afternoon. Heard the children sing a beautiful anthem, taken from the 27th Psalm: "I will wash my hands in innocency." The Solo was sung by Margaret Hauer and Alice Rockingham. It was one of the most touching things I ever heard and melted me into a flood of tears.

Saturday, 31st. Was at St. Cross again this morning with my family. Five clergymen present and quite a full attendance. We have had at least three of the clergy at our daily service every day this week.

Parallel entries in the "Record of Services "may yet be quoted:

May 1st, Ascension Day. The Rev. Dr. Muhlenberg preached and officiated at the Holy Communion assisted by the Rev. Mr. De Koven.

May l8th, Trinity Sunday. The Rev. Mr. Van Kleeck administered the Holy Communion.

June 15th, 4th Sunday after Trinity. The Rev. Mr. Walter preached and administered the Holy Communion. The Rev. Dr. Wainwright preached in the afternoon.

July 20th, 1845, 9th Sunday after Trinity. The Bishop of New Jersey officiated in the Church of the Holy Cross, preaching in the morning and in the evening.

July 21st, Monday. The Bishop of New Jersey officiated at Morning Prayer, with the Rev. Messrs. Tucker and Fairbairn.

July 23rd, Wednesday. The Rev. Dr. Wainwright and the Rev. Mr. Tucker read Morning Prayer, and the Bishop of New Jersey catechized the children.

The three foregoing entries are made in a handwriting different from that observed throughout the book; hence the variation in terminology about the pastor. The ordinary handwriting is resumed on

July 24th. The Rev. Mr. Van Kleeck officiated at Morning Prayer, I being obliged to go to Saratoga to baptize the daughter of the Rev. Mr. Hobart.

August 4th. The Church closed for the purpose of painting.

August 31st. 15th Sunday after Trinity. The Church was reopened for divine service. Assisted in the morning by Rev. Mr. Bissell; in the afternoon, assisted in the service by Rev. Mr. Twing. The Rev. J. P. F. Clark of Long Island preached.

September 7th. 16th Sunday after Trinity. At 5 o'clock (Evening Service) assisted by Rev. Mr. Gibson, Cohoes. For some months past, I have lectured in Church at J^ past 3 (Sundays) to a Bible Class. Subject: "The Acts of the Holy Apostles."

14th. 17th Sunday after Trinity. In consequence of indisposition, was compelled to break off the service at the Litany. At 5 o'clock there was the usual service, when the Rev. Messrs. Van Kleeck and Fairbairn assisted, and the Rev. Mr. French of Washington preached.

21st. Rev. Mr. Fairbairn, after service in his own Church, administered the Holy Communion.

28th. Rev. Mr. Spooner, Rector of Zion Church, Sandy Hill, preached.

October 12th. 21st Sunday after Trinity. I was ill. The Rev. Mr. Parks, Chaplain at West Point, officiated for me.

October 19th. 22nd Sunday after Trinity. The Rev. Mr. Samuel Buel, preached and officiated at the Holy Communion. The hour for Evening Service now changed to 4 o'clock.

From 20th to 25th. The daily service was attended to by the Rev. Mr. Fairbairn, assisted by the Rev. Messrs. Saml, and Hillhouse Buel and Weaver; I being absent from the city on a visit to my friends. During the week, the children without the aid of the organ or any one to lead them, chanted the canticles to the Gregorian tones.

October 26th. 23rd Sunday after Trinity. Officiated all day. In the afternoon, instead of lecturing on Catechism, catechized the children openly in the Church, before dismissing the congregation.

Succeeding entries--not quoted--make frequent mention of the names Samuel Buel, Hillhouse Buel, and Fairbairn.

November 2nd. The Rev. Hillhouse Buel preached at Morning Service. I lectured in the afternoon--an Introduction to the Ten Commandments. The Anthem: "The Lord is King" by Chappell.

30th. Advent Sunday, St. Andrew. J. I. T. officiated and preached in the morning. In the afternoon, the Right Rev. L. S. Ives, Bishop of North Carolina, preached. The Rev. Mr. Fairbairn assisted me in the service. Anthem: "Come unto Me."

December 7th. 1st Sunday in Advent. J. I. T. officiated morning and evening. Anthem: "I was glad when they said unto Me," Callcott.

In many of the daily entries, not quoted here, there is a reference either to Mr. Fairbairn or Mr. Van Kleeck. On the 10th of December, the Rev. Mr. Hallam of New London is noted as present. On the 14th (3rd Sunday in Advent) the Anthem is "Hear my prayer," Kent. On Christmas Eve there is service at half past 6, the Rev. Mr. Van Rensselaer assisting.

25th. Christmas Day. The Rev. Mr. Van Rensselaer of Albany kindly officiated for me and preached. The alms collected at the Offertory were appropriated to the relief of the Nashotah Mission.

On the evening of the 28th, there is a sermon by the Rev. J. Williams. Anthem: "Behold, a Virgin shall conceive," from the "Messiah."

January 1st, 1846. Festival of the Circumcision. [In another handwriting.] The minister being absent from the city, the Rev. Mr. Fairbairn officiated for him.

The same note is made having reference to the morning of the 4th. But "The Minister" officiated and lectured in the afternoon. Anthem: "There were Shepherds," from the "Messiah."

6th. Festival of Epiphany. Assisted by the Rev. Mr. Van Kleeck, Messrs. Twing, Van Rensselaer and Fairbairn. The Sunday-school of Trinity Church, Lansingburgh, the Parish-school of St. Paul's (this city) were present, with the girls of our Parish-school, about 200 in all. The Rev. Mr. Van Kleeck addressed this youthful congregation.

February 2nd. The Festival of the. Presentation of Christ in the Temple. A. full Choral Service. The Rev. Messrs. Van Kleeck and Fairbairn. Anthem: "I waited patiently." The Christmas decorations taken down this day.

The last note will supply indication of an advance in Church intelligence. The "general Church" in America had not yet awakened to the fitness of things. As late as one of the "sixties," the writer remembers a case in Jersey where the sexton had neglected to take down the "greens "in time (not for the Purification, but) for the office of Ash Wednesday morning. A few officials demolished things immediately before the hour of service. When the congregation arrived they found floors and seats still covered with the pine needles which had fallen everywhere.

On the 4th of February, Rev. Mr. Hobart assists at Morning Prayer, and five other visiting clergy are named as present.

8th. Septuagesima Sunday. In afternoon, lecture again on the holy rite of Confirmation; qualifications &c. of candidates; benefits of the rite. Anthem: "I will wash my hands."

In the evening, the Rt. Rev. Samuel A. McCoskry, Bishop of Michigan, administered the rite of Confirmation at St. Paul's Church; about 86 candidates, 30 presented by myself.

9th. I assisted at Morning Prayers, the Rt. Rev. Bp. McCoskry. The Rev. Messrs. Van Kleeck, Weaver, Potter, Fairbairn, and Van Rensselaer, were also present.

15th. Sexagesima Sunday. Exchanged with Dr. Potter of Albany. A very stormy day! There were few at Church. The Holy Communion was administered to 21 persons.

25th. Ash Wednesday. The Rev. Dr. Jarvis took part in the service and also preached. The Canticles and Proper Psalms for the day, were chanted, without the organ, to Gregorian tones.

March 1st. 1st Sunday in Lent. In the morning preached on the necessity of fasting, as a means of self-discipline. In afternoon, lectured on Catechism. Anthem: "Turn Thy face from my sins," Attwood.

8th. 2nd Sunday in Lent. In the afternoon, the Rev. Mr. Gibson assisted in the service, and the Rev. Dr. Jarvis preached; the subject of his discourse--"The Presence of the Holy Ghost in the Church." Anthem: "Teach me, O Lord, the way of Thy statutes," Dr. Rogers.

April 10th. Good Friday. Morning Service and Sermon at YZ past to. Evening Prayer at 3 o'clock. A good congregation at both services. A bright, clear day. No chanting or singing at the Evening Prayer. The children learned a portion of the 53rd chap, of Isaiah, and recited it to me in the afternoon. No singing lesson or other studies.

12th. Easter Day. We could not begin the service in the morning before ir o'clock. We waited until this hour to obtain the services of Mr. Hopkins as Organist. The service was through at about 2 o'clock. The Psalms for the day, Litany &c. chanted. The Rev. Mr. Fairbairn administered the Holy Communion; about 43 communicants. Two girls of the school received the Holy Eucharist. The offerings, appropriated for Domestic Missions, amounted to $41.29.

The girls put on today their new uniform--a straw colored bonnet with pink lining, and a lilac calico dress, with white cape. [The variation from Mrs. Warren's record, is attributable to the point of view--the way the woman looks at it compared with that of a man.]

Service without sermon in the afternoon at 5 o'clock. The Anthem: "Now is Christ risen from the dead," written for the Church of the Holy Cross by Mr. Hopkins. The weather cold and cloudy; rained a little at times during the day.

13th. Monday in Easter Week. Psalms and versicles chanted. Anthem: "Hallelujah," Jackson.

14th. Tuesday in Easter Week. I chanted the Morning Prayer, the choir responding, as it is given in Tallis' service, and performed in English Cathedrals.

Three girls of the school baptized after 2nd lesson. Anthem: "Hosannah," and after Gospel, "Hallelujah," Jackson.

1gth. Low Sunday. In the afternoon, lectured on "Forms of Prayer," introductory to the Lord's Prayer which next comes before us in the Catechism. Anthem: "Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us," Chappell.

25th. St. Mark's Day. The whole service chanted, prayers read on a monotone, &c.

26th. 2nd Sunday after Easter. In the afternoon, lectured again on "Forms of Prayer." Anthem: "Hosannah." I meet the children in the schoolroom at 4 o'clock. They say the Collect; are questioned on the lessons in the Morning Service, and on the Sermon (the text and what I was preaching about). The principal exercise is the examination of their "proofs," texts of Scripture, written out, to prove certain truths or facts of our religion.

May 4th. Assisted by the Rev. Beach Carter who is now officiating at St. John's in this city.

10th. 4th Sunday after Easter. It has been my rule since the Church has been opened for divine service, always to preach on Sunday mornings from the Epistle or Gospel.

The weather today not pleasant; in the afternoon it rained furiously about the time of service. Lectured for the fourth time on "Forms of Prayer"--the usage of the Church in respect of Liturgies. Text I Cor. xi., 16, "But if any man seem to be contentious, we have no such custom, neither the Churches of God." Anthem: "Hosannah."

15th. Mr. Greene (a candidate for orders) read service. The Rev. Messrs. Van Kleeck, Carter and myself, and the clergy in the neighborhood, went to Albany, to meet the remains of the Rev. Mr. Walter, Rector of St. John's Church, this city.

17th. Exchanged with Rev. Jno. Williams of Schenectady.

21st. Ascension Day. The Rev. Mr. Carter officiated for me. The rest of the clergy were absent from the city, as this was the day set apart for the consecration of Trinity Church, New York.

31st. Whitsunday. Assisted in the morning and afternoon service by the Rev. Mr. Greene, deacon of New Jersey, ordained last week.

June 7th. Trinity Sunday. The Rev. Mr. Greene preached in the afternoon. Anthem: "O praise God in His holiness."

21st. 2nd Sunday after Trinity. (Communion Sunday.) The Rev. Mr. Weaver of West Troy officiated for me. In the evening service, assisted by Rev. Mr. Greene. This is the first instance when we have not had the full choral service in afternoon. By "full "I mean here the Versicles and Psalms for the day. Mr. Hopkins, the Organist, was late, and I was forced to commence without the voluntary,

24th. Festival of St. John the Baptist. Versicles, Psalms for the day, Litany &c. chanted.

The titles of Anthems are noted in many entries. As a rule, one occurs on each Sunday and Holy-day. Upon the I2th of July the choir sings a new Anthem, "The Lord is my Shepherd," composed by Mr. Hopkins. The record for the 19th of July states:

In the afternoon at Evening Prayer, the Rev. Mr. Greene, read prayers and I lectured. The Rev. Mr. Greene, not having received a formal license to preach from the Bishop of New Jersey, does not feel at liberty to preach. The Anthem: "Teach me, O Lord, the way of Thy statutes," Rogers.

At 1/4 of 4, I married a couple from Albany; the marriage to be kept from the public for 3 months. The man was introduced to me by Mr. David Thompson, a respectable person in this city; it was on his assurance that all was right, that I consented to officiate under such suspicious circumstances.

26th. 7th Sunday after Trinity, At Evening Service, the Rev. Mr. Weaver pronounced the Absolution, and the Rev. Mr. Stubbs of New Jersey preached:--the Character of Cornelius, particularly his devotion. The Anthem: "Blessed is the man that hath set his hope in the Lord," Chappell.

August and. 8th Sunday after Trinity. I was prevented by illness from attending to my duties. The Rev. Mr. Mahan of St. Paul's College officiated for me in the morning; he also preached in the afternoon. The Rev. Messrs. Fairbairn and Carter assisted in the service. The Anthem: "Teach me, O Lord," Rogers.

August 3rd--30th. The Church closed.

August 30th. 12th Sunday after Trinity. The Church reopened for divine service. Officiated myself morning and afternoon. Anthem: "The Lord is King," Chappell.

During the vacation 17 of the children have had the measles; by the care and mercy of God, they have all now recovered, and not one was prevented by illness from attending the services this day.

September 2nd. Assisted by Rev. Mr. Stokes, a clergyman of Rhode Island, a gentleman of color in charge of a colored congregation at Providence. He is travelling to raise money to pay off a debt on his Church building.

4th. I was alone; my friend Mr. F. is officiating at St. Paul's in Rev. Van Kleeck's absence.

13th. Anthem: "Sanctus" from Mozart. Rev. Mr. Arnold of Canada in church.

20th. 15th Sunday after Trinity. The Rev. Hillhouse Buel officiated, preached and celebrated the Holy Communion. I preached at St. John's. The Rev. Mr. Pike, Canada, present at morning service, and preached in the evening. After 2nd lesson (Evening Prayer) baptized 7 children (infants and children). The service being longer than usual, we were obliged to introduce lights. Anthem: "From the Rising of the Sun," arranged from Mozart.

27th. l6th Sunday after Trinity. I officiated at Morning and Evening Prayer. In the morning, preached from the Epistle; in evening, lectured the third time on the Sacraments. The Minister's part in the Versicles (Evening Prayer) was intoned.

Two splendidly bound copies of "The Daily Service "with the musical notation, a book compiled and edited by N. B. Warren, Esq., were placed upon the Altar today.

From 28th to October 4th, I was in New York attending the Convention; the Rev. Messrs. Carter and H. Buel kindly officiated for me.

October 4th. 17th Sunday after Trinity. I could not leave New York before Saturday night; unfortunately detained on the river by fog, and did not reach Troy before 11 o'clock. When I arrived at the Church, they were singing the Te Deum. Capt. Schriver had officiated, reading the service outside the chancel rails. I relieved him at 2nd lesson.

In afternoon, I did not lecture: the service is so late, or rather the days so short, that it is almost dark before we get through service.

11th. l8th Sunday after Trinity. Rev. Mr. Fairbairn preached. At Evening Service, the Rev. Dr. Haight pronounced the Absolution and offered concluding prayers, and the Rev. Mr. Baker of Baltimore read the lessons. Anthem: "The Lord is my Shepherd."

14th. Assisted by the Rev. Messrs. Haight and Van Kleeck. Rev. Messrs. Bronson of Ohio, Buel, Weaver and Fairbairn present.

18th. 19th Sunday after Trinity; St. Luke the Evangelist. Snow, hail and rain. The Rev. Mr. Buel preached and officiated at the Holy Communion. He also assisted at Evening Service when I intoned the service. My object in intoning is to prevent the inconsistency of reading half a verse (as in the Versicles) and singing the other half; another reason is to get rid of the organ accompaniment in the Versicles and Amens. They cannot "keep the key" unless I intone, and thus keep it for them. I am now convinced that the whole must stand or fall together. The singing the Versicles or Responses merely, is an imperfect, a half-way sort of thing, defective in a musical as well as ecclesiastical point of view. If the. Choral Service is to be maintained, it must be the whole service and not in part. However, I do not like to intone, because I am conscious that as yet, until the novelty wears off, I am but exhibiting myself, when I would like them to regard me simply as praying, not thinking of the mode. Anthem: "Blessed is the man."

November 1st. 21st Sunday after Trinity; All Saints' Day. Preached in the morning on the text "This honor have all His saints."

The hour for Evening Service changed to four. I think I shall not resume my lectures, because after a Sunday or two, if I lectured, before I got half through I should not be able to see my congregation--and this is dull and unprofitable business. I am sorry that I was compelled to break off just where I did; 5 lectures more (4 on the Sacraments) would have completed the course on the Catechism. But I suppose the people (I can't say my people) are just as wise. Anthem: Mozart's "Sanctus."

2nd. Assisted by no one.

3rd. Assisted by the Rev. Mr. Fairbairn.

On 4th and 5th. Rev. Mr. Cox of Zion Church, N. Y., present at service.

6th. In the absence of Mr. Warren, Mary Cole (who has been entirely educated at our school) acted as organist. The chanting went as smoothly as ever it did.

26th. Thanksgiving Day. Assisted in the service by the Rev. Mr. Lewin of Maryland, who is on a visit to our city to collect funds for a "Religious House "to be established at Georgetown, D. C, under the supervision of the Bishop of Maryland.

I was pained to find so small an attendance of my parishioners. The worshippers and servants of mammon cannot find time to serve God, except on a Sunday. The ingratitude and irreverence of the mass of our countrymen are enough to bring a curse upon the nation. There were about 15 persons present beside the children of the school.

29th. Advent Sunday. The Rev. Mr. Lewin preached in the morning, on the parable of The Laborers in the Vineyard, and assisted at the Evening Service. He catechized the children in the school-room.

December 2nd--5th. Assisted by the Rev. Mr. Fair-bairn. Since last Sunday we have used on every day of the week, the Benedictus instead of the Jubilate, as more suitable for the Advent season.

13th. 3rd Sunday in Advent. Preached on the Christian Ministry. The Rev. Mr. Geer took part in the Evening Service.

20th. 4th Sunday in Advent. Sermon: Preparation for Christ's Coming or the Necessity of Repentance. Anthem: "Prepare ye the way of the Lord."

23rd and 24th. Church closed for the purpose of adorning it for the Festival.

No service on Christmas Eve, because I think it interferes with the service on Christmas Day, many persons satisfying themselves with keeping Christmas by coming to Church on the Eve. Besides our experience last year convinced us that the children were worn out by the exertion and excitement of the Christmas Eve service, and thereby unfitted for a proper celebration of the Festival itself.

I assisted the Rev. Mr. Van Kleeck at St. Paul's Church.

December 25th. Christmas Day. Service at 1/2 past 11. The Responses, Prayers, Litany, chanted or intoned. After the Gospel, the Nicene Creed (music by Jackson) was sung as an Anthem. Boyce in A was the Service used. Tallis' "Sanctus." After the Sermon, the Anthem "Glory to God" with the Recitative "There were shepherds" from the "Messiah."

The Rev. Mr. Fairbairn consecrated the elements in the Holy Eucharist.

It was five minutes past one, when I concluded my sermon.

After service, the children of the school, and some of their parents, partook of a sumptuous dinner provided for them by the kindness of Mr. Warren. The children amused themselves until half past four o'clock, and then went to Mrs. Warren's to receive their Christmas presents.

There was the usual Christmas tree, only more beautiful than I had ever seen it: the table was covered with books, handkerchiefs, cakes, apples, candies, &c. The girls sang "While shepherds watched their flocks "(Antioch) and the Carol in Horn's Christmas Bells "How grand and how bright." The weather mild; rained in the afternoon.

27th. Sunday after Christmas; St. John the Evangelist. Exchanged in the morning with the Rev. Mr. Fairbairn. Anthem: "Behold, a Virgin shall conceive," and "O Thou that bringest good tidings "from the "Messiah."

28th. Holy Innocents' Day. Assisted by the Rev. Mr. Fairbairn.

So the Record ends, with a statement which occurs many more times in the original than in the sections here reproduced. It will be noticed that the Diary of Services conducts to the close of the year 1846, through the first two years of the long and happy pastorate.

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