Project Canterbury


Missions to the Heathen.

No. XLV.
















Sept. 25th, 1862.--This day we reached San Francisco, at daybreak. We were struck with its fine position, evidently marking it out as the Liverpool of the Pacific. I went off at once to the Hotel, and secured quarters (only two double rooms for all our party, besides two beds in a neighbouring house!). I learnt, on returning to the ship, that the bark Comet would start for the islands that very day. I went, therefore, at once to the captain, and saw over the ship; stating that, if we went by her, she must wait another day. Having seen our luggage conveyed to the Hotel, we sat down to a comfortable breakfast, at ten A.M.

I then went to the Consul's, Mr. Booker's, to whom I had letters of introduction. We made purchases in the town, and received calls--among others, one from Bishop Kip, and some of the clergy. We went to spend the evening at the Bishop's house, after we bad seen over his cathedral, which, though in England it would be thought mean and meagre, is [1/2] really an effort--as a specimen of Gothic architecture--for so young a town, and one so far removed from the influence of art. The windows are nearly all of glass stained in the place; the subjects all scriptural. I had a good deal of conversation with the Bishop about our Mission. He takes great interest in it, and believes we may do a great work. He recommends that our worship be made as attractive in point of externals as we can make it, for the sake of the people.

Sept. 26th--This night (Saturday), at ten P.M., we embarked for Honolulu. Before retiring to rest, our party, the clergy and ladies, received the Holy Communion, at half-past twelve P.M., in the ladies' saloon; and a very solemn and refreshing service it was to us all, for we felt that, now our destination was being neared, we had need for larger measures of heavenly strength to be imparted.

Sunday, Sept. 27th--This day I rose at six AM., and found a rough sea, owing to a strong breeze blowing from the N.NW., the full effect of which we did not perceive till the tug left us. All our party were ill, and all the passengers, but Mr. Mason and myself. I may state that, from the time of leaving Southampton, I had not a sensation of sickness, and could devote all my time to learning the language. We could have no services this day, owing to the weather.

Monday, Sept. 26th--It was now calm, and we were able to take a survey of all our party. Several were Honolulu people. Among them were Judge [2/3] Robertson's wife, her mother and brother, just returning from Australia--the Judge was one of our Church Committee; a Mr. Castle, who with another, a Mr. Cooke, both formerly sent out under the American Congregationalist Board of Missions, kept now, I found, a store in Honolulu--Mr. Castle acts as the Financial Secretary of the Board; a Chief and his son, who spoke English fluently; a Roman priest, going to Jeddo; several consumptive invalids, going from San Francisco to Honolulu, as a sort of Madeira, to save their lives. I need not dwell on each day's transactions, so monotonous as such a record must prove. I had, however, some conversations with Mr. Castle about the religious state of the islands. He admitted there was much to be done, and said he trusted we should work "with the other Evangelical Churches there." "For," said he, "we are very unsectarian in our Board; the missionaries under it are of all persuasions--Presbyterians, Independents, &c. &c." I asked him if it was true that they had taught the Hawaiians to abandon their old names for the days of the week, and to call Monday first day, Tuesday second day, and Sunday seventh day, as I had heard this was the case? He told me this was so, and that they did it for greater simplicity, that the people might understand the Fourth Commandment as applying to Sunday. I replied, if this was not Jesuitry, I did not know what was. I asked how the passages in the Acts and Epistles mentioning the early Christians "breaking bread," &c., on the first day, could be understood after that; and [3/4] if they would not be greatly confused as to the true nature of the Lord's-day. He said that was of little consequence compared with their viewing "the Sabbath" as an institution binding in virtue of a Divine command.

The Chief spoke of the sad failures and mistakes which had been made by the missionaries, especially in breaking up the old feudal principles, to fling the people, all unprepared, into universal suffrage, a government very questionable, even for more advanced countries. He said, "You will have all the natives and chiefs come over to you in a body."

The Roman priest seemed a devoted and excellent man. When the Japanese embassy was in France, the French propaganda obtained its permission to send twelve clergymen to Jeddo. Let us listen to this--though it may excite us to shame--that our Societies took no such steps when the Japanese were in our metropolis. Who thought of anything else then but viewing them as interesting objects, at the Crystal Palace and elsewhere? Our friend was one of the chosen missionaries. He could only speak German, and I conversed much with him in that language. I may add, he stayed some days at Honolulu, and proceeded to his destination in a Russian man-of-war.

The voyage was one of pleasure throughout, the weather beautiful, and our passage only thirteen days. We had choral service morning and evening every day, which served as a practice for the future Honolulu "cathedral;" and the passengers always gladly [4/5] attended, without exception. On the second Sunday we had two services and sermons in the saloon. On Friday, October 10th, we sighted, first, Molokai--a most picturesque island, with bold precipitous rocks to the sea down which glided many a waterfall, and broken by ravines and caverns; then Maui appeared in view, and at daybreak on Saturday we were off Oahu. Our voyage was now at an end, and we offered up our hearty thanksgivings to Him who had borne us in safety, health, and comfort to our new island-home.

About five AM. on Oct. 11th (Saturday), the pilot came on board, and brought us news of the death of the young Prince of Hawaii, five years of age, my intended charge, and the fond hope of the nation. It is a grievous blow to us. He was taken ill six weeks before we landed, just after the arrival of the new Commissioner from Great Britain, Mr. Follett Synge, and his wife. They were even still on board the ship-of-war, Termagant, which had conveyed them from Panama, and had not landed. The present of Queen Victoria had been sent to the Palace, when the child was pronounced dangerously ill. The King immediately sent to see if there was a British chaplain on board, to baptize the little fellow. Alas I it so happened there was none. Mr. and Mrs. Synge went to the Palace. A Congregationalist teacher, named Clarke, was sent for. Mr. and Mrs. Synge stood as sponsors on behalf of the Prince of Wales and the Queen. Mr. Clarke read portions of the Baptismal Service, omitting all the [5/6] questions to the sponsors, and praying extempore. The Prince rapidly sank under his malady, to the great grief of his parents, and was taken away just when his future seemed opening out most brightly.

The King and Queen are thirty miles off; recruiting their health after their fearful trial; but Messrs. Wyllie and Gregg, two of their ministers, came on board, to welcome us in their name. A deputation also attended from the Church Committee. The royal carriage was placed at our disposal for the day, and everything done for our comfort. Mr. and Mrs. Mason were placed in the Parsonage attached to the temporary church bought by Mr. Wyllie for the use of the Mission. The King's brother, Prince Lot (Kamehameha), prepared a vacant house of his own, next the King's Palace, for our reception. We got handbills printed at once, stating that there would be service the next day in the church. We put the place into what order we could for the occasion. It had been a Methodist chapel, with a stage for preaching at one end, reached by three steps. This made a convenient place for the communion-table.

Everywhere, as we went along, we were welcomed with the "alohas" of the natives and the attentions of the foreign residents.

Sunday, Oct. 12th--After breakfast, we celebrated Holy Communion at nine A.M. in the chapel--our own party, with Mr. and Mrs. Synge, the communicants. It was indeed a refreshing service! Mr. Synge, I may state, is an excellent Churchman, and will prove [6/7] a valuable ally to us in our work. At eleven A.M. we had service, consisting of prayers, Litany, and sermon by Mr. Mason. We had practised the choral service on board the Comet every day at our prayers, and, having all the four parts among us, we were able to have the service musical and in harmony throughout. We sang several Gregorian tunes and the Hundredth Psalm; together with "Rockingham," to the hymn, "When I survey," &c. Mason's sermon was eloquent, stirring, and told wonderfully. It was extempore, and described in the papers as "thoroughly evangelical." The natives crowded in and out upon the foreign residents. It was remarked that some of the latter had not been in a place of worship before for years. One of them expressed himself charmed with everything, and said, "I would walk twenty miles to hear Mr. Mason preach." We went to dine with Judge Robertson, one of our best friends, and conversed much on the prospects of the Mission.

Monday, Oct. 13th--We hear our proceedings yesterday gave general pleasure and satisfaction.

Wednesday, Oct. 15th--I conversed with our leading laity about my future plans, as to worship, discipline, &c. They concurred in all my views, and offered their help in every way they could.

Thursday, Oct 16th--The King and Queen having returned on purpose to see us, I called privately on them, accompanied by Mr. Synge and Mr. Wyllie. I was agreeably surprised with his dignity, intelligence, and gentlemanly bearing, notwithstanding all the favourable prepossessions I had, formed. We [7/8] did not see the Queen. After he had said, "I welcome you from the Queen of England," I stated the sorrow with which we had learnt the sad tidings of his bereavement. He was much moved. He is a fine, tall, handsome man, six feet two at least, with all the ease and grace of an English gentleman. Referring to the presents which Mr. Mason and I had been sending in the day before, he said, "They have been coming in to us like precious drops of comfort." We spoke of the arrangements in our temporary church. He then expressed a deep interest in them, and told us that the Hawaiian Liturgy, to the end of the Morning and Evening Prayer, would be complete and ready for use in a few days. He had been long engaged upon them. I asked if the Psalms were ready. He said they had already a translation in the Bible, which required revision; for "the missionaries, in their ignorance of Hebrew, had made sad mistakes." He named the fact of the Queen being unbaptized, hoped I should prepare her at once for that Holy Sacrament, and that he and the Queen would soon after be confirmed. I showed him the presents for the Church Service, &c., which we had received. He was quite overcome with so many proofs of the interest felt by our friends in England in the Church of Hawaii.

Friday, Oct. 17th--To-day I went with his Majesty to see the alterations in the chapel. He spoke of the encouraging prospects of the Church, the necessity for more clergy immediately for the other islands. In the evening we had practice for Sunday.

[9] I may add, that we put up our illuminated texts. The one over the royal pew was, "If we suffer, we shall reign with Him." The King would like to have texts worded in Hawaiian, and purposes translating any we give him into that language.

Sunday, Oct. 19th--We had a celebration of Holy Communion at eight A.M., and, from this day, purpose having one daily, that we may be enabled, by thus continuing in "the daily breaking of bread," to strengthen and nerve our souls for the great work we have to do. The causes which, some may feel, at home render such a habit impossible do not exist here. By God's blessing on our humble efforts, we purpose doing all on the apostolic model as far as we can.

At eleven A.M., Morning Prayer, Litany, and an inaugural sermon by myself. I entered at length into the nature of the Church of England, the considerations which had brought us there, our intentions, &c.; and I anticipated objections. There was a crowded congregation. The King and Queen were present. The former told me, in the afternoon, the natives said, "We must have our cathedral built soon, where we can go and hear our prayers in our own language, without being burnt in the sun, by standing outside and in the trees." They beset the very windows, and completely blocked up the doors. They have a great idea it is their church, the one asked for by Vancouver in 1794.

In the afternoon, some children (English-speaking) were catechized. In the evening, Mason again [9/10] preached a powerful sermon a larger congregation, if anything, than before.

Oct. 20th--I went to the Palace to prepare the Queen for Holy Baptism. She is a perfect lady, with that quiet repose of manner peculiar to one who feels her dignity and position. Her face is most pleasing, and her eyes full of intelligence. Her face bore the traces of much suffering. She spoke most reverently and intelligently on this Sacrament, and listened to every word I said. I prayed with her, and hurried home to prepare the address I had that day to present to the King.

We were to be presented at Court with the Admiral commanding the Russian fleet of the Pacific and his officers, who happen to be in port. Mr. Synge, Her Britannic Majesty's Commissioner, presented me, and I read the address. His Majesty replied with much emotion. He referred in it, as will be seen, to my sermon the previous Sunday. The clergy and ladies were then presented, and all received most cordially. The King and Queen looked a thoroughly royal pair, though of course the Court was all in mourning, and there was little brilliance about the arrangements, yet there were all the forms observed in the presence of European sovereigns. The Russians were next presented. Afterwards there was much friendly conversation. The King said to me, "You must apply at once for a charter of incorporation, that you may be able to receive endowments of land for the Church by the Crown."

[11] Tuesday, Oct. 21st--A memorable day--a foreign Queen was baptized by an English Bishop! The Court assembled at eleven A.M.--the ministers, judges, &c.; the princes of the royal house, the leading chiefs, and friends of the King. It took place in a large room in the Palace; Mr. Synge, Mrs. Staley, and Mrs. Mason were the witnesses. At one end of the chamber was the altar at which the King and Queen had been married, covered with a gilded crimson cloth. The font stood in front of the altar, placed on a table. It was the small one of alabaster given by Lady Franklin. At one end was the Queen of England's present for the baptism of the Prince, as if to remind all of his untimely death without possessing the same privileges as his royal mother.

The service began with the prayers. The whole service was choral. The King's brother conducted the Queen from the throne to the font. She behaved with much quiet dignity and composure, and seemed wrapped in the service, the responses of which she repeated in a clear, musical voice, without looking at her Prayer-Book. The whole occasion was most impressive, and I can never forget it. Two chiefs, fine men, above six feet high, bore the kahilis (long staves, at the top of which were the yellow feathers of the royal bird, so much celebrated in the islands. The kahili is a symbol of royal authority). The King, said one of them, was deeply affected with the beauty of the service. The King, indeed, was engaged the whole of the afternoon in explaining to his courtiers the expressions in the [11/12] service, and proving its truth by Holy Scripture. One of those with whom the King thus conversed said, "I felt as if angels were floating around me in the room." Two of them wanted to be baptized themselves forthwith; but the King found they had been so already by the Americans, and so he told them they must be confirmed.

In the evening, I conversed with him on Church History, with which I found him familiar.

Wednesday, Oct. 22d.--In the morning I went with Mr. and Mrs. Mason to discuss with the King and Judge Allen (who is on the Board of Education) the subject of family schools for native girls. Hitherto they have been fearfully neglected, which, with the influx of whaling ships, has sadly demoralized them. Mrs. M. purposes opening such a boarding-school forthwith. She is to lay her ideas before the Board, with a view to an annual grant from it.

This day I made arrangements with a Hawaiian gentleman (Colonel Kalakawa) for giving us daily lessons in the language.

Thursday, Oct. 23d.--A meeting was held this evening for me to take the sense of the friends of the Mission about a corporation for the Church property. It was held in the Court-house. We were introduced by the King, and all of us spoke. Votes of hearty welcome were accorded us. A committee of three (Judge Robertson Attorney-General Harris, Major Hoapili, a Hawaiian gentleman) were chosen to discuss the matter with me. I advised an early erection of the cathedral.

[13] Friday, Oct. 24th--The King and Queen attended service to-night, on their way returning from their drive. In the evening, the King and the three gentlemen came to my house. We determined it would be best to incorporate a Synod at once. I sketched the outline of one forthwith, reserving to the clergy all doctrine, discipline, &c.; to the laity, secular matters only. I send a copy of the one ultimately granted on this basis.

Saturday, Oct. 25th.--The King and I pointed the Morning Prayer, Te Deum, &c. for chanting in the Hawaiian language. The King was delighted to find it went so well to music.

In the evening was the adjourned meeting at the Court-house. The charter read and accepted unanimously. Members: the Bishop, clergy, and five lay delegates--the chief men in the Church, viz. His Excellency M. Kekuanoa, the Governor (the King's father), baptized by the chaplain of H. M. S. Blonde, in 1825, now going to be confirmed, and a future communicant; Vice-Chancellor Robertson, Attorney-General Harris (an American Episcopalian), Captain Luce, T. Brown, Esq. Of these, one is Hawaiian, one American, the rest English, all but Judge Robertson, who is Scotch. We have thus divested the Church of any distinctive national colour. The name is to be the "Hawaiian Reformed Catholic Church," which at once recognises its catholicity and Anglican origin.

Sunday, Oct. 26th.--Holy Communion at seven AM.; Morning Prayer and Litany at eleven. Sermon by Mr. Ibbotson, from Acts xx. 28, on "The Church," tracing the existence of a Patriarchal and Jewish Church prior to the Christian one--in all a uniform idea of ritual, discipline, doctrine, &c. It was admirably adapted for clearing up the notions of people here, who look upon a Church and a sect as one and the same. He showed how the Anglican was one of the three great branches of the Catholic Churches of the present day--now unhappily divided by errors and defects, owing to which none can hold communion with the other. The King, who was delighted with it, translated it, and printed it in the Hawaiian newspaper. In the evening, a beautiful sermon from Mason, on the Holy Spirit, His power (1) of conversion, (2) of order, in the Church. Crowds went away, unable to obtain admission.

In the evening, the King came in to see me, with one of his aides-de-camp. He showed me an article he wrote some months ago in the Hawaiian newspaper, on the Church. He translated it to me. Its purport was to show that there had always been a visible body claiming identity with the ancient Church and outside it various sects. He traces this view down through the Gnostic period--the Sabellians, Donatists, Pelagians (all by name), in the early Church, and various denominations in the present day. He then compares the several branches of the Church Catholic to a tree with divers branches, united to the trunk. You will judge what he must be from this slight composition; and remember, it [14/15] is the result, without any teacher to guide him, of his own conviction.

Monday, Oct. 27th.--Prepared the Queen for confirmation.

Tuesday, Oct. 28th, Feast of S. Simon and & Jude.--Morning services, and sermon by Mason.

Wednesday, Oct. 29th--Again catechized the Queen. Candidates for Holy Baptism and the public Confirmation are daily presenting themselves, foreign and native.

Thursday, Oct. 30th--Colonel ----, a native, called to-day, with two young Hawaiian gentlemen, to offer themselves for confirmation. I explained to him its solemn nature. He said, "I know I have not been as good as I ought, and I want to become better." I told him that was just the state of mind in which to approach that holy ordinance. I gave him a tract written by Mason on the subject, which will shortly be translated into Hawaiian.

Friday, Oct. 31st--The King invited myself and clergy to go with him to a village feast, a few miles off. This feast is called a "Luan," We accordingly set off there, a large party, on horseback. We first saw surf-riding on a small plank four feet long. An expert swimmer lies all his length on it upon his stomach, he paddles away to sea with his hands some three miles, and comes back upon the plank on the crest of a wave. The secret lies in arriving on the beach by means of one single wave, and he should be quite hidden by the surf on it crest throughout the whole return. Then we had the [15/16] banquet, in native style, under a room extemporised out of poles and the green leaves of tropical plants--cocoa-nut, palms, &c. The ground was covered with mats, and the food placed on them; no chairs. There was every kind of dainty--fish just caught, raw and cooked, of every sort; pork, half-roasted in the ground; poi (the prepared taro-root), like the paste we use for sticking bills to walls; and roast dogs upon dishes, all entire. The King had Mr. Synge on his right, myself and clergy on his left. Much amusement was created when I took my first taste of dog (which was really capital), and when, in the national style, I dipped my fingers in the poi. We drank toasts, and I made a speech (which the King interpreted), telling them that He who was present at the marriage feast of Cana in Galilee was with them in their innocent mirth, as long as it was innocent; that it was the bounty of the great God which had provided their dainties for them so abundantly. There were some hundreds there. Odes were recited with a sort of monotone, in praise of the King and the young Prince just dead. National songs were sung, beautifully in chorus. Then began dancing, which was marked by grace and propriety.

Sunday, Nov. 2d.--Early Communion and services, as usual. Crowds went away. The interest in our Church increases.

Monday, Nov. 3d.--We determined to enlarge the church by adding an aisle as large as the church itself. Estimate, 140l. for the alteration.

[17] Tuesday, Nov. 4th.--Mr. Wyllie brought Monsignor Magret, titular Bishop of Arathia, to see me to-day. He is the Roman Bishop here. He was very friendly, and was attended by the French Commissioner. He admits the validity of Anglican Orders, but considers jurisdiction can emanate from Rome only. He is a good old man, of great simplicity and austerity of life. His priests are also excellent men, and do, as is universally admitted, much good.

Wednesday, Nov. 5th--The King very busy on the Litany and Church Catechism.

Friday, Nov. 7th--Mr. and Mrs. Scott and family arrived in health and safety. I propose sending him to Lahaina, the second town; but the King will settle this. We are now four in this place, and all busy learning the language.

Sunday, Nov. 9th--This was a memorable day. The King's Morning Prayer was used for the first time at a purely native service. The church was crowded with Hawaiians. The chants were to the Te Deum, Venite, Jubilate--all Gregorian tunes. The natives joined heartily. The responses, too, were choral. Ibbotson had been well practised in the pronunciation, and chanted well. I preached in Hawaiian (the fifth Sunday after my arrival). Having translated my sermon (part written in English) with Grammar and Dictionary, it was then corrected by the King. All understood every word of it. It is to be printed.

Friday, November 28, the day kept annually as a public holiday, in commemoration of the [17/18] Declaration of the independence of the Islands, is now made further memorable by Confirmation of the King and Queen. The hour fixed for the ceremony was half-past ten; but long before that time the temporary cathedral was besieged by hundreds, anxious to gain admittance. One-third of the church was reserved for members of the Court, House of Nobles, and Consular Body; another for the regular congregation, and the rest for the native population. The street was occupied by His Majesty's troops--viz., the cavalry, infantry, and rifle volunteers. Precisely at half-past ten the procession entered the church, consisting of the choir of native boys and men, the Bishop and clergy. At the same moment, the sounds of the National Anthem announced the approach of their Majesties; and the Bishop, attended by his examining chaplain, the Rev. G. Mason, received the King and Queen at the west door. After the Litany had been said, their Majesties left their seats, and. stood in front of the altar. The address was read by the Rev. G. Mason. The Bishop having put the question, their Majesties replied, in a clear audible voice. All kneeling, the Bishop said the prayers; then called upon the congregation to spend a few moments in silent prayer on behalf of those to be confirmed. The request was responded to in earnest. Those few moments were, indeed, silent and solemn! The Bishop then confirmed the King and Queen, and afterwards delivered an address. Their Majesties were deeply affected, and so were the people, judging [18/19] from their devout behaviour and attention. The natives especially seemed to enter into everything, and many shed tears of joy and thankfulness when they saw their beloved sovereign and his consort kneeling before the communion-table. One elderly chief, who speaks no English, remarked to his son, after Service, that, "if a man did not know English, or even if he were quite deaf, still he might understand all that was passing before him from what he saw." Before the Blessing we sang the Hundredth Psalm. After the service was over, the King and Queen returned to the palace, the band playing as before, the guns firing a royal salute. The King wore his uniform, which is similar to that of an English field-marshal. The Queen was dressed in white, with a long white veil. We had Evening Prayer as usual, at half-past seven; and Friday happening to be the evening for the Hawaiian Service the church was crowded with natives; after which we sang the Te Deum in the native language, as the closing act of this happy and important day. May it be blessed to their Majesties as well as to their country! will ever be the prayer of us all; and I think our kind friends at home will join in this intercession.

Three of the King's officers have also been confirmed--viz., his Excellency the Hon. R. C. Wylie, Prime Minister; the Hon. G. M. Robertson, Vice-Chancellor; and the Attorney-General, C. C. Harris, Esq.

First Sunday is Advent, Nov. 30, the King and [19/20] Queen, with the above-mentioned, received the Holy Communion for the first time.

You will be glad to hear that our staff of clergy will soon be increased by one native deacon, in the person of a gentleman I have already mentioned, Major William Hoapili Kauwoai. He is at present a major in the army, and aide-de-camp to the king. He owns considerable property at Wailuka on the island of Maui, and is one of the highest chiefs in the kingdom. He is giving up everything with a desire to take Holy Orders, and comes daily to receive instruction from the Bishop and clergy. We have also received another application from a young native, living on the north side of this island, to be admitted to the Ministry.

We want more help. The people in the other islands are inquiring when we are coming, and are looking anxiously for us.

Tuesday, Dec. 9th--We started this afternoon, in the Kilaura steamer, for Lahaina. The King sent Mr. Scott and myself in his carriage to the beach, and, with attendants, rode on horseback himself to see us off. Judge Robertson and Mr. Attorney-General Harris were going themselves to Lahaina to hold the assizes. They and Major Hoapili, as interpreters, were a valuable addition to our party. The beach was crowded with Hawaiians--men, women, and children--to see their friends and "makemakes" (companions) take their departure. The deck was covered with Hawaiians, men and women, going to different places in the islands;--the [20/21] latter in their wreaths of flowers sitting in groups, or standing up to have a last sight of their friends, and give them their parting "alohas." Some had been visiting in Honolulu, and were returning home others were taking their humble produce, which they had raised on their allotments, for sale in the other islands some were in search of work. There must have been at least 150 of them on board. Captain Berril is a frank, kind-hearted sailor, an Irishman, and full of interest in our Mission. In his tours around the islands, three times a month, he has done all he could to acquaint himself with their spiritual wants, and to look out for openings for the Church. The night was rough, and many of the saloon passengers went below. We remained on deck. The captain spoke much to us of the rigid style of Christianity prescribed by the American Missionaries--their excommunicating smokers equally with the vicious, all amusements and games. We left on Tuesday, the 9th, and arrived early next morning at Lahaina. The view of the town from the roadstead is very fine. It is backed by high mountains, running parallel with the shore. A road, forming a sort of esplanade, runs in the same direction for a mile, embowered in kukui-trees. It contains between 3,000 and 4,000 inhabitants. Before the departure of the whaling fleet, as many as sixty or seventy vessels lay in the harbour at the fall. It is now in a state of transition, the people giving themselves wholly to the raising of the sugar cane, which is greatly tending to the restoration of its former prosperity. We went at once to [21/22] the Governor's house--the most intelligent native I have seen next to the King. He entertained us most hospitably during our week's stay, the table being supplied not only with Hawaiian but English fare. The principal English resident there is a very clever man--Dr. Hutchinson, a magistrate--one who has paid more attention than any one else to the great question of the preservation of the race. We attended the trials in the Court House, and were much interested in the acuteness and skill of the native lawyers. One was a case of bribery at an election to the Legislature, for the payment of the taxes of a voter, who by being a defaulter was disqualified to act. The defendant was found guilty and fined.

Thursday, Dec. 11th.--We had a meeting in the Court House, to consider the steps to be taken to inaugurate our work. English, Americans, and Hawaiians crowded the room. The particulars will be found in the Polynesian for December the 20th, so I need not dwell on them here. A good feeling, amounting to enthusiasm, was manifested; and a committee, to procure funds, temporary church, &c. was formed.

EXTRACT from the "POLYNESIAN."--Dec. 20, 1862.

"A LARGE meeting was held in the Court House, on Thursday, the 11th instant, the Governor of Maui, P. Nahaolelua, in the chair, to consider what preparatory steps should be taken for the reception of a branch of the Hawaiian Church in that island.

The Hon. G. M. Robertson, Mr. Attorney-General Harris, Mr. Adams, Vice-Consul of the United States, Dr. Hutchinson and other leading inhabitants of the place, attended and took part in the proceedings.

The Governor and Judge Robertson introduced, in native and English, the Bishop of Honolulu to the meeting.

The Bishop briefly described the constitution and principles of the new Church which he represented, and then traced out the origin of its connexion with the Sandwich Isles. He said that the application of the present King to Great Britain for English Clergy was only in harmony with what his predecessors had done before him, as in the instance of Kamehameha the First's request to Vancouver in 1794. The Bishop said he believed there was a great work to be done at Lahaina for the native people, especially in regard to female education. This would receive special attention. It appeared to him that enough stress was not laid among them on the acquisition of English--not the language merely, but the literature, thought, and educational influences to which that language was the key. Their new pastor, the Rev. Mr. Scott, would live among them and with them, ever entering into the joys and sorrows of each one of them. He would be their best friend not only in matters spiritual, but in also seeking to promote their temporal interests--especially as they depended on industrial habits. The Church would be wholly free, so far as any charge to the Hawaiian people was concerned. Whatever they chose to do voluntarily to help on the Mission would be received but they would not be solicited; and the ordinances of religion would be dealt out in no stinted measure, 'without money and without price.' In conclusion, the Bishop expressed the most entire goodwill and Christian feeling to the religious bodies already [23/24] existing in the islands. All he wanted was to be let alone, and allowed to do, in the Church's own way, the great work still left on hand--that of improving the physical as well as moral condition of the people.

Each paragraph of the Bishop's address was interpreted by Judge Robertson.

Dr. Hutchinson, in moving a vote of welcome to the Bishop, expressed the pleasure with which he had listened to his Lordship's remarks. As a baptized member of the Church of England, he valued greatly the privilege of belonging to its communion. He believed a great centre of usefulness was opening at Lahaina. Especially did he concur in the remarks of the Bishop on the subject of female and industrial education. In this regard, he did hope the new Mission would be effective; if so, he thought they would succeed in elevating what still remained of the people, and that so they would be preserved to take a worthy place among the civilized nations of the globe.

Major Hoapili, after translating the resolution into Hawaiian, briefly seconded it.

The Rev. W. H. Scott, Judge Robertson, Mr. Attorney-General Harris, Mr. Webster, and the Governor addressed each a few observations to the meeting, at the close of which the Bishop pronounced the Benediction.

A Committee, consisting of Dr. Hutchinson, Judge Jones, Mr. Dickinson, Major Huapili, and the Governor, was formed, to mike arrangements for the establishment of the Mission in Maui.

The services on Sunday were all crowded. The Bishop preached in the native language in the morning, and in the afternoon gave a pastoral address, interpreted by Major Hoapili, at the close of the Litany."

Friday, Dec. 12th--We went about seeing the people, and afterwards practised a voluntary choir in the native liturgy, and native hymns, for Sunday. I was choir-master and chanting, before unknown, [24/25] soon became a favourite kind of psalmody with our new friends.

Saturday, Dec. 13th, we spent in arranging a large schoolroom as our temporary church for Sunday. We further practised the choir, and called on various people. Mr. Baldwin, the Independent preacher, called upon us, and was very friendly.

Sunday, Dec. 14th--On this, the anniversary of my consecration, we held our first service at Lahaina. Mr. Scott and I celebrated the Holy Communion, at half-past seven A.M. At half-past nine we had Morning Prayer in English, Scott preaching a powerful sermon. At half-past eleven the Church was crowded with Hawaiians. We had the Hawaiian Morning Prayers said, the Responses being audibly uttered by the people, among whom we gave out 200 copies of the King's Prayer-book. I preached one of my Hawaiian sermons. The chanting was excellent, considering I had pointed for the choir the Venite, Te Deum, and Jubilate for different chants. It was a most interesting service. Major Hoapili, being musical, rendered us good aid, and he read the Lessons for us. The appearance of the congregation was more picturesque than that of any I have seen at Honolulu, the costumes of the women more graceful and natural--those of the men indicating that they were better off than the people generally here. At four we had the native Litany chanted in harmony, the choir-people taking up the cadences in the Hawaiian beautifully. I gave at the conclusion a pastoral [25/26] address, interpreted by Hoapili, showing what our Church was, following them from infancy to the grave with her aids and her consolations. We baptized four children, two native ones, which gave much delight to the people. All our services were crowded, numbers gathering round the windows to see and hear all they could, being unable to get into the room.

Monday, Dec. 15th--We heard how much pleased they all were with the Church Services. We selected a suitable house for Mr. Scott, and a good building, to be fitted up by the committee, for a temporary church.

Tuesday, Dee. 16th--We left Lahaina, having received much kindness from all; and after a boisterous passage arrived safely the next morning at Honolulu. Mr. Scott enters on his ministrations at Lahaina early in January.

Sunday, Dec. 2lst, St. Thomas's Day--The services have been rendered more than usually interesting by our first general Confirmation. Thirty-two were confirmed, Hawaiians speaking English, and foreign residents. The church was crowded. It was a solemn and, I hope, to all a profitable occasion. Each had been two months under the individual preparation of the clergy. We are busy now getting our Church ready for Christmas-day, which is to be observed here for the first time as a public holiday.

Dec. 25, Christmas-Day.--Until this year Christmas had never been outwardly observed here at all. Business had always been transacted as usual, and even the schools used to reopen after the recess about the 20th, as if on purpose to ignore the day. We resolved to inaugurate a different state of things, and no longer to suffer the birthday of our blessed Lord to pass without due honour. The King, who is heartily with us in all our proceedings, proclaimed a general holiday for that day; all the Government offices were closed, shops shut up, and business generally suspended. Two days before, the King sent to the mountains to cut green boughs; there are no English "evergreens" here; the trees, it is true, are always in foliage, but when branches are cut they soon wither. There is, however, abundance of cypress, and the King procured for us beside a large quantity of myrtle, and orange boughs, and beautiful flowers. Twenty Hawaiians, both men and women of the higher class, helped us in the decoration, and we succeeded in making the temporary church very Christmas-like and pleasant locking.



We have in Honolulu a large civilized population with a degraded native race, with whom the white people will not associate, and even despise as servants. And yet there appear to be many good qualities amongst them; they are generous, affectionate, and enthusiastic. God grant we may be of some little use in raising their tone, and in drawing them on to [27/28] understand better the character of our holy religion. In the evening of this Sunday Mrs. Mason, Miss Roche (Mrs. Staley's governess), and myself, walked a little way along the valley. One could hardly fancy oneself in the tropics. A beautiful cool breeze fanned us. Luxurious foliage shaded the neatly trimmed pathway. Quiet people walking with wives and families as in England made one feel quite at home, were it not for the stern reality which forced itself upon the mind, that we were more than 10,000 miles away from so many one longed to see and talk with.

Wednesday, Oct. 16th--The King returned to Honolulu on Monday with the Queen, but was unable to bear an interview with the Bishop until yesterday. This morning he came down to the church to inspect some alterations which were being made. I was in the church at the time. His manner as be spoke to me was most graceful, dignified, and kind. He welcomed me to the islands, and hoped we should be happy here.

Saturday, Oct. 18th--About nine o'clock we started for a ride up the valley to its highest extremity, called the Pari. It was a charming ride, and when we reached the Pari quite a strong breeze blew us about, as much as if we had been on the Dorsetshire downs on a rough day. But the view from the height! How can I describe it? You arrive quite suddenly on this height, and look straight down a precipice of 3,000 feet. A narrow mountain pass leads down on the right hand, and on [28/29] the left a grand scene presents itself: bold craggy heights extend right across the island. At intervals rich valleys intervene, which set off' the dark volcanic-looking hills beautifully as the sun shone out upon them. In the far distance the blue waves of the Pacific bounded the horizon. But this is a very faint description of the most beautiful view I ever gazed on. We did not to-day descend the mountain. We have reserved that for a future occasion, when I shall hope to be able to describe the other side of Oahu. We passed by many native huts on our road. They still live in the same kind of rough grass-made dwellings that they used to in past ages--no windows, and only a little entrance which they crawl into. Men, women, and children, huddle together in these round grass-thatched huts; and it is no wonder the young savages grow up still without any regard to decency. We tried to converse with some, and as young Luce talks the language quite well we were able to understand and be understood. The tale from all was the same--great joy that the English (Enelani) had come at last. A quiet Saturday evening, preparing for Sunday. We sit out under our verandah from eight till nine, listening to the crickets chirping, gazing at the clear brightness of the stars, and talking of home, friends, and other days. Strange enough, some Englishman (I suppose) "struck up" from some distant house, "Home, sweet home!" on a cornet. He played very well, and made

"Fond memory bring the light of other days around me."

[30] I looked the other day into the Roman Church. It was a large airy stone building, but, to my surprise, quite plain, and the east end very tawdry. Though the Roman Catholics have worked well with their schools here, yet they do not appear to have won the people to them, as I should have thought they would have done. It may be that the priests and nuns keep themselves too much aloof from the people. The people are a joyous set, and anything dark and dismal does not suit them.

Monday, Oct. 20th--We were informed last night that there would be a "drawing-room" to-day, and that we were all to be formally presented. The Palace itself is like a palace, not from its grandeur so much as from its dignified simplicity and large area. On this occasion the entrance courts were draped in black. We were ushered into a spacious room--one of the state rooms--where some of the ministers of state were assembled, in handsome uniforms. Presently a Russian admiral, named Popoff, and his officers came in. We were all introduced to each other, and I was surprised to find how well the admiral and some of his officers talked English. The Bishop and his clergy were first summoned into the reception-room. The King and Queen were standing on a richly carpeted platform, under a splendid canopy of velvet hangings, looped with crape. The King wore a field-marshal's uniform, and he looked exceedingly king-like. The Queen was dressed in a robe made entirely of crape. I was perfectly [30/31] surprised when I saw her, for in church yesterday she kept her black veil down, so that I could not see her then. Sorrow has, no doubt, pulled her down terribly. Their little boy was buried beneath a favourite tamarind-tree in the palace grounds, and a large wooden mausoleum erected over his remains; and they say the Queen would not leave the tomb for four days, but slept there, and seemed utterly unable to realize the awful truth that her baby-boy was gone from her. But one can hardly fail to understand the purpose of Almighty God in this great affliction. She herself has emerged from the overwhelming grief, and as you will read hereafter, has nobly shown that she appreciates the love of her heavenly Father in thus chastening her. But to return to the reception. The Bishop was first presented. He read an address of condolence, to which the King replied most gracefully, though with considerable emotion. Then came our turn; and then Mrs. Staley and Mrs. Mason were presented. We were then ushered to some chairs on the right of the throne, whilst the Russian admiral and his officers were presented. After the audience, the King and Queen chatted most familiarly with us, and delighted us with their easy manners.

Wednesday, Oct. 22d.--The Bishop walked with me about the town, paying visits. We called on Mr. Damon, the seamen's chaplain; all the better sort of people have attended his ministrations in preference to any other. We cannot help feeling sorry for him, as of course now he loses a large [31/32] portion of his congregation, as well as consequently some income. I gave Emma Malo her first instruction for confirmation this evening.

Thursday, Oct. 23d--We have been working away at the language every day, but this morning we received a regular lesson from Colonel Kalakoui, aide-de-camp to the King; and we are to go on every morning till we have made some little progress. The colonel is a young mall about twenty-four, very good-looking, and talks English thoroughly. He was accompanied by his brother officer, Major Hoapili, also a good English scholar and a gentlemanly young man. Our lesson lasts till half-past ten. A few candidates for confirmation have presented themselves. Eleven English and one native are my catechumens. This evening a meeting took place at the Court-house respecting our Mission. The King was present. It is so delightful to see a King acting as really the father of his people, caring for their spiritual as well as temporal interests. The Bishop made a very appropriate speech on being introduced to the meeting. He will, I am sure, be universally popular, being so gentle, and yet so zealous in our Divine Master's cause. Ibbotson and myself were obliged also to return thanks for the kind expressions of greeting accorded to us.

Sunday, Nov. 2d.--It is perfectly impossible to go on with the present building. The crowd is so great. Oh, if some rich friends in England only [32/33] knew of our needs, I am sure they would help us still more. Labour and stone is so expensive here that the Bishop despairs of ever rearing his cathedral according to the plans he brought out from England. We want money, ladies, and men. Money to build, and provide teachers. The people here have really done a great deal; but we want to avoid, if possible, begging of the natives too much at present. We want ladies who will, with their gentle manners and devotedness, raise, if possible, some of their dark sisters, and at least practically show forth the love of Christ in nursing the sick and teaching the young. We want school-teachers, &c. But almost as great a want as any is that of a few earnest-minded laymen, with a little capital. Surely there are many men in England of this description, who could raise their minds to this idea of seeking to do God's work in these distant islands by supporting the hands of the clergy, and trying to rescue an oppressed people from the evil influences which prevent their advancing as they might otherwise do to a much higher social position, if not to greatness.

Monday, Nov. 3d.--This morning, about three A.M. we were awoke by bells ringing and cries of "Fire!" I jumped out of bed and hurried on my clothes and ran out, when from the town there rose up into the sky murky flames, and as I ran down to the street I found that a warehouse of dry goods was burning. It was a strange sight to see all the dark faces lit up with the fire, and all varieties of costume, as well as absence of all costume whatever. [33/34] But what surprised me most was the perfect system amongst the firemen. They worked the engines admirably, and in a few hours the fire was brought down, not, however, till it had destroyed the whole warehouse.

Thursday, Nov. 6th--The Yankee came in to-day bringing our coadjutor, Mr. Scott, wife, and two children, and our letters. They must be so glad to arrive here at last. They left England in June, and had a most disagreeable passage to Victoria in consequence of the troublesome charge they had in the emigrant females. All is well, however, that ends well. You will notice, in one of the papers I send you, an advertisement respecting our college. The Queen is so very interested in Mrs. Mason's scheme. Everybody feels that what is chiefly wanted is to save the native race is to train up the girls to be good and careful mothers; and the only way to do this here is to take them away from home influence; consequently boarding-schools for girls become a necessity. This is what Mrs. Mason will soon have in hand I hope. But I do not want her to begin before Christmas, when she may have got up her strength. The difficulty we have now is in getting proper premises and sufficient assistance. At the same time, the Bishop has requested me to conduct a college for boys of a superior class, natives and English--so we shall have our hands pretty full shortly. The usual school-hours here are only from nine to three. We are very badly off for school-books.

[35] Sunday, Nov. 9th.--Holy Communion at half-past seven. Half-past nine, service in Hawaiian. The Bishop preached a sermon on "Go ye, teach all nations," &c. Every one was astonished at the correctness of his pronunciation and the proper emphasis he gave. I own I felt nervous about speaking the language myself and I should prefer not preaching till I am able to do so extempore. However, our friends in England will, I hope, see that we have been working as hard as possible. Our own success has been more than we could have expected, if we may be allowed to call these outward signs of crowded congregations and general goodwill marks of success. As for the spiritual work which we may have been the instruments of carrying on in the souls of any, how can we judge yet? Most thankful are we to see signs of true religion in the lives of any, but at present we had better be silent. I must reiterate that the natives are in a fearfully degraded state. The climate of Honolulu has been to us delicious up to last week, when the trade winds ceased, and a hot, "smothery" wind began to blow from the south. This continues mostly during the rainy or winter season, which is now commencing, so that winter here is hotter than summer. The mornings before ten, and the evenings after five, are really most agreeable--not hot or cold. The evening light and tints are exquisite, so varying, so rich, and so peculiar. The scenery of this side of Oahu is everywhere beautiful; but compared with Hawaii and Maui, I am told it wants boldness. [35/36] The hills certainly do not strike one at all like what one could fancy the Alps. They are simply beautiful, lofty, undulating hills, with patches of verdure. The chief cultivation of the island is rice, sugar, and coffee. Sugar is now answering wonderfully well. "Taro" and "poi" are the chief vegetable sustenance of the people in fact, the majority eat scarce anything else. If Europeans will live according to the price of the market--that is, abstain from much bread, butter, potatoes, beer, wine, &c.--I am sure they can live much more cheaply than in England. Mutton and beef are 2 1/2 d. or 3 d. per lb.; coffee, 1 s. taro and poi next to nothing, and really very sweet and nice. Poi is like hasty pudding. Labour is very dear. Three dollars a week are very low wages for quite an inexperienced man. There is a very effective police establishment, and the town is always kept in a very orderly state. The roads are capital, though in the dry weather very dusty.

We were so rejoiced to get letters from England. You must be away from home as far as this to appreciate fully the luxury of "post." Two pieces of news were particularly interesting First, the death of the Archbishop of Canterbury; the other, that my dearest friend Tozer has accepted the post of Bishop of Central Africa. Dear fellow! Few in England know his genuine character so well as myself. Oh, may God indeed protect him, and enable him to overcome the fearful odds there are against him! Oh, that I could see him once more! Any newspapers or periodicals will be acceptable to [36/37] us out here. American books are tolerably cheap, but still nothing in the book way is so cheap as in England. Presents of Latin, Greek, or English grammars, spelling-books, pens, pencils, slates, &c. &c. will be very acceptable. A ship leaves Liverpool once every year at least, belonging to R. Janson, Esq., The Albany, Old Hall Street, Liverpool.



It is with feelings of unfeigned respect for the person of your Majesty, and deep sorrow for the loss which yourself and Royal Consort have sustained, that the Bishop and clergy of the English Mission desire to approach your Majesty, on entering upon their labours in these islands.

When, more than a year ago, your Majesty's with to have a branch of our Church planted among your people became generally known, it excited no little interest and pleasure. We read in it not only a tribute of confidence in her constitution, worship, and teaching, but a remarkable proof of the intelligence and paternal solicitude with which your Majesty watched over the spiritual as well as temporal destinies of the Hawaiian nation.

It was the first instance, too, of the English Reformed Branch of Christ's Holy Catholic Church being invited by an independent Sovereign to plant itself in his dominions.

[38] But what imparted to the English people a more lively interest still, in the realization of your Majesty's desire for the Anglican Church, was the thought that the heir to the crown, the pride and joy of his royal parents, the hope of the Hawaiian nation, would be at once admitted within its pale, and trained up in its truly scriptural and primitive order.

It was a sad blow to the fond hopes with which we sighted for the first time our future island-home, when we heard of the sudden and untimely departure of the Prince of Hawaii from this earthly scene. We can assure your Majesty, that the members of that Church which we represent, both clerical and lay, when the painful event is made known in England, will feel a deep sympathy with you and the Queen under the bereavement which has befallen you, and will watch with undiminished interest the carrying out of those objects your Majesty has so deeply at heart.


I WELCOME you, my Lord, to my kingdom with feelings of the greatest satisfaction. The Queen and myself feel honoured in the fact that a branch of the Anglican Church of Christ, which was asked for by the founder of our dynasty, has arrived during our reign.

[39] You have now come at our earnest solicitations, under the benignant countenance of my great and good friend, the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, and encouraged by the sympathy of the generous English public. I have heard from your lips the principles which you will inculcate among my people--the spirit in which you have come to labour in the service of Christ, and I assure you that I approve of them. [Referring to the Bishop's sermon the day before.]

While we thank you for your kind condolences, allow us to express our regret that your arrival has been at a time when my family (which includes my whole people) were suffering under a great bereavement. I hope your coming will in some degree prove truly comforting as a minister of Christ.

Again, my Lord, I welcome you to my shores, and I also welcome your clergy and your families.


THE text was, "Feed my sheep." After speaking of the nature of all true Christian love and penitence, as shown by the conduct of St. Peter before and after his fall, the Bishop proceeded to the commission bestowed on St. Peter, which he proved had no reference to Rome. He then spoke of the Anglican Church as follows:--

"An offshoot of that Church which was planted in [39/40] Britain in Apostolic days, strengthened by the arrival of St. Augustine, adorned by saints and theologians, purified at the Reformation--a Church which has overshadowed not only that land with her goodly branches, but also its vast colonies and dependencies, and the whole continent of North America--this we now bring to plant among you. Would that we had done this seventy years ago, when first invited to come here by Captain Vancouver in 1794, at the instance of your great chieftain, Kamehameha I. The ground was then wholly unoccupied. Thousands might have been rescued--during the years of neglect which elapsed afterwards before Christianity was introduced--from misery, vice, and premature decay. I cannot defend my fellow-Christians at home for neglecting that touching appeal which then reached us--'Come over and help us.' It was a time of sad spiritual deadness and unbelief in the Church, when the love of many had waxed cold, when she allowed the great manufacturing towns of England to grow up without proper provision for their population, and when men's minds were taken up with the great events then transpiring on the Continent. Of the past I dare not speak. The cry for help which was then passed by unheeded again reached our shores, and this time was not heard in vain. England's Queen and England's people have at last sent you a Bishop and clergy, to give you this Church which your own kings longed to have during seventy years or more. They send also such material help as may be required to sustain and [40/41] strengthen it until it takes root and fills your land. And we come in all love and good-will to those who have been labouring before us in this part of the vineyard of Christ, while we have been standing idle in the market-place. We desire not to proselytize from their ranks, or ignore and override the work which they have done. In turn, we claim the same consideration and forbearance. There is more need to ask this, because in many important points our Church differs essentially from the sects professing Protestant Christianity, no less than from the Roman Church; and consequently there will be parts in her worship and teaching which will seem strange to those who are only familiar with them.

At the Reformation, she avoided the two extremes of a slavish adhesion to the existing order on the one hand, and of irreverence for precedent and authority on the other. Accordingly, in the Preface to the Rook of Common Prayer, she professes to follow Scripture as interpreted by the early fathers, implying by that those of the first five centuries--the purest age of the Church. Her Liturgy was not composed for the first time at the Reformation. It contains the ancient Collects, Litanies, and Communion Office which they had before them in their Breviary and Missal, only translated into the language of the people, and cleared of the errors which had crept into them during the Middle Ages. Yes, we utter the same venerable forms in which the Church has breathed her aspirations to heaven, probably, since the days of the Apostles--forms [41/42] certainly consecrated by the use of fourteen centuries. She holds that the sacraments are not bare symbols and figures of spiritual truths, but 'outward and visible signs of inward spiritual grace by and in them given to us,' when administered by the hands of Christ's duly appointed ministers, in accordance with the Divine promise. She teaches Christian parents to bring their infants to be admitted into the Christian covenant by baptism, wherein she declares they are made 'members of Christ, children of God,' &c. But they are taught that all this will be of no avail if they do not live consistent lives--if they are not endeavouring to fulfil their parts of the covenant by 'renouncing the devil and all his works, and doing their duty in that state of life to which it has pleased God to call them.' After arriving at years of discretion, all who have been baptized are invited to the holy rite of Confirmation, by which, on the Bishop's blessing, accompanied with the imposition of hands, agreeably with the example of the Apostles, the Holy Spirit's influence will be vouchsafed to those who thus faithfully ratify their Christian obligation. That holy ordinance is designed to be the introduction into full communion with the Church, when the devout recipient may then approach the blessed Sacrament of Christ's Body and Blood, which, as the Catechism teaches, are 'verily and indeed taken and received by the faithful in the Lord's Supper.' She deems this the highest act of Christian worship.

Through all the ever-varying scenes of this [42/43] transitory life, in trouble and in joy, she follows her members with her heavenly consolations, her prayers, her benedictions, until that body, which in life she has taught them to view as the temple of the Holy Ghost, is committed to the ground in hope of the resurrection to life eternal. In all this her principle is, 'Do not wait till you are converted by some sudden, irresistible impulse, before you enter the Church, and before you attempt to keep God's commandments, but come in penitence and faith, be baptized with your household, and enter her gate now. Be at once grafted into Christ's mystical body, that, by the supernatural gifts Be can impart to you, in virtue of His indwelling presence, you may be able to conquer the evil which besets you from within and from without, and finally become meet for His heavenly kingdom. It is this formation of Christian character at which she aims--a process going on from baptism till death. It enters into all her teaching, her formularies. So, with regard to Church discipline, every one whose conscience is burdened with sin she requests, in the exhortation to the Communion, to come td Christ's ministers, 'and open their grief, that by the ministry of God's holy Word he may receive the benefit of absolution, and ghostly counsel and advice, to the quieting of his conscience and the avoiding of all scruple and doubtfulness.' * * *


THE following letter, speeches, and extracts from Hawaiian newspapers are interesting, as evidence of the spirit in which the Mission has been received in the islands.

1. A letter from Mr. Andrews, one of the Independent American missionaries:--


Permit me to express the gratification I feel, in having heard of the arrival of your Mission.

Hope that rich blessings would result from it, to the various classes affected thereby, had inspired me ever since the announcement here that such a Mission was in contemplation. Having been engaged for eighteen years in preaching and teaching at these islands, I see need enough for new elements to be added to those already here, to give a desirable pre-eminence to true religion, education, and good morals. I have no fears that the new will be any detriment to those earlier introduced; on the contrary, each may derive efficiency from the prosperity of the other. Any true convert not only adds a disciple to Christ, but abstracts also so much help from the adversary.

Of the endless complexity of institutions which have contributed to render our Anglo-Saxon race [44/45] what it is, only a meagre tithing has yet reached these 'isles of the sea.'

I trust that your Mission will add a generous increase to these pre-existent, to tell efficiently in the upward progress of Society here. * * *

I am,

Yours most truly,


Bishop Staley."

2. Mr. Damon is one of the American missionaries whose ministrations have been attended by a number of the "Episcopalian" residents, in the absence of any opportunity for attending the ministrations of their own Church. On the arrival of the Mission, some of Mr. Damon's congregation, intending thereupon to join the Hawaiian Church, presented that gentleman with a testimonial of their esteem. The following is an extract from the report of the presentation, given in The Friend:--

"His Excellency H. C. Wyllie rose and read an address to the pastor of the Bethel Church, of which the following is a copy:--

HONOLULU, 15th Oct. 1862.


The undersigned Episcopalians, who, being without a church of their own denomination, have for years worshipped in the Bethel, of which you are pastor, deriving much instruction from your ministrations, and still more from the example of your [45/46] holy walk and conversation, pray you to be pleased to accept, in memorial of their love, respect, and gratitude to you, as an excellent man and Christian minister, the silver salver which will be presented to you along with this letter.

The undersigned pray that it may please God long to preserve in health and happiness a life which precept and example combine to render so valuable to all classes of this community."

Extract from speech of the Rev. S. C. Damon, in reply:--

"I should be sorry to think that our separation, as pastor and people, would in the least diminish our mutual respect and Christian affection. I appreciate now, as I have ever done, your kindness, sympathy, and aid. Allow me to congratulate you on the arrival of a Bishop and other clergymen of the Church of England, under whose ministry you are now placed. I repeat what I wrote and published eighteen years ago, 'I wish foreign residents fully to understand that they are cordially and freely invited to take seats in this chapel upon the Sabbath, until they are provided with some other more convenient place for public worship. Whenever, in the providence of God, that time shall come, the prayers and benedictions of the Seamen's Chaplain will go with them.'"

3. Extracts from the Polynesian. The Polynesian is that one of the Sandwich Islands newspapers which represents the party most likely to be friendly to [46/47] the English Church Mission. The following remarks are from its leading article.

"We welcome them hither sincerely and hopefully, and trust that their labours for the amelioration of the Hawaiian people, morally, mentally, and socially, may be crowned with marked success. The field is certainly large. The statistics of 1860 show that out of a population of 68,000 Hawaiians there were about 20,000 professing Protestants, about the same number of professing Catholics, and, say, 3,000 Mormons, leaving about 25,000 unconnected with any creed--waifs on the religious stream, to be reclaimed for heaven or swept off to perdition. We look, however, upon the Episcopal Mission not alone in its religious aspect, as a manufactory for converting a semi-heathen or indifferent population into nominal Christians, but as another of the various means in God's providence for the moral education and training of this people, teaching them to live as well as to die, to do as well as to believe.

* * * * *

If we should characterise the present religious status of the Hawaiian people, we should call it one of religious indifference--a swaying to and fro in gentle vibration between the two principal forms [Dissent and Romanism] that succeeded the iron grip of the heathen worship."

* * * * *

4. The Friend is the newspaper which more especially represents the American influence in the [47/48] islands. It is gratifying to be able to quote the following friendly remarks from a leading article under date Nov. 1, 1862:--

"ARRIVAL OF THE EPISCOPAL MISSION.--We congratulate the friends of Episcopacy upon the arrival of Bishop Staley and two other clerical missionaries from England.

* * * * *

Now the present Mission comes at the invitation of his Majesty and foreign residents in Honolulu, and under the auspices of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge and the Propagation Society, both societies contributing for its support. The members of this Mission find many things on their arrival to encourage them in their work. The Royal Family and many of the foreign residents are much interested in their success. The Methodist Chapel affords good accommodation, as a temporary place, for holding Divine service. We earnestly pray that the Mission may enjoy a prosperous career, and be instrumental in imparting a deeper spiritual earnestness to the Churches and organizations already existing, as well as be the agency which the Holy Spirit shall employ to awaken, renew, sanctify and prepare many souls for those 'mansions not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.'"

Project Canterbury