Was Father Field a Christian Socialist?
by the Revd Robert Rea
Documents in the Archives of the Society of St John the Evangelist, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Benson, Richard Meux, The Final Passover, Vol I, London, J Hayes, 1884.
------, Ibid., Vol II, London, Longmans, Green, 1895.
------, Ibid., Vol IV, New York, Longmans, Green, 1898.
------, Followers of the Lamb, London, Longmans, Green, 1898.
------, Instructions on the Religious ife, First Series, Oxford, SSJE, n d.
------, Instructions on the Religious Life, Second eries, London, Mowbray, 1935.
------, Instructions on the Religious Life, Third series, London, Mowbray, 1951.
------, Letters of R M Benson, London, Mowbray, 1920.
------, The Religious Vocation, London, Mowbray, 1939.
------, "A Retreat given in Aberdeen, 1877," Cowley Evangelist, June, 1919 to November, 1919
------, Spiritual Readings for Every Day: Advent, London, T Hayes, 1879.
------, 'The Virgin Birth of Our Lord Jesus Christ," The Church Eclectic, vol 22, nos 6 & 7, September and October, 1894.
Congreve, George, Christian Progress, London, Longmans, Green, 1910.
Cowley, vol 1-40, 1928-1969.
Cowley St John Parish Magazine, 1873-1890.
Cowley Evangelist, 1891-1968
The Dawn, Boston, 1889-1896.
Field, C N, After the Flood, Philadelphia, The Guild of the Iron Cross, n d.
Field, C N, The Christmas Mystery: A Nativity Play compiled by C N Field for the benefit of St Augustine's Church, on Phillips Street, Boston, n d, texts and scores, in the SSJE Archives, Cambridge.
Field, C N. The Easter Mystery, followed by the Story of Jacob's Ladder and the Ending of Dives and Lazarus: A Miracle Play composed by the Reverend C N Field SSJE, for the edification of the children of the Faith, n d, texts and scores, in the SSJE Archives, Cambridge.
Field, C N, private papers and correspondence in the archives of the SSJE, Cambridge MA.
Guild of the Iron Cross, Songs of the Iron Cross, text and musical edition, Philadelphia, n d.
------------, Constitution and Office, Philadelphia, n d.
------------, Manual, Philadelphia, n d.
The Messenger, Church of St John the Evangelist, Bowdoin Street, Boston, 1907-1940.
Allchin, A M, The Silent Rebellion, London, SCM, 1958.
van Allen, W H, "Obituary, Charles Neale Field, SSJE," in The Living Church
Bettany, F G, Stewart Headlam: A Biography, London, John Murray, 1926.
Binyon, Gilbert Clive, The Christian Socialist Movement in England: An Introduction to the Study of ts History, London, SPCK, 1931. January 26, 1929.
Bull, H P, "Charles Neale Field, SSJE," in Cowley Evangelist, February, 1929.
Burton, Spence, "Four Types of Holiness: IV. Father Field, the Lover of Man," Cowley, Winter, 1930.
Chadwick, Owen, The Secularization of the European Mind in the Nineteenth Century, Cambridge, The Cambridge University Press, 975.
------, The Victorian Church, 2 vols, 1966-1970.
Dictionary of American Biography, Supplement Five, New York, Scribners, 1977.
Dombrowski, James, The Early Days of Christian Socialism in America, New York, Octagon,
Douglas, Ann, The Feminization of American Culture, NY, Alfred A Knopf, 1977.
Duffy, Mark J, ed, The Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts, 1784-1984, oston, the Episcopal Diocese f Massachusetts, 1984.
Franklin, R W,"Pusey and Worship in Industrial Society." Worship, 57, no 5, September 1983, pp 386-412.
Grugel, Lee E, Society and Religion during the Age of Industrialization: Christianity in ictorian England, The University Press of America, 1979.
Harlan, Louis R, Booker T Washington: The Wizard of Tuskegee, New York, Oxford University Press, 983.
The Hymnal 1940 Companion, 2nd ed, rev, New York, The Church Pension Fund, 1951.
Jarrett, Emmett, "'Behold I Am Doing a New Thing': Mysticism and Politics in Contemporary hristianity," in Leech and Williams.
Jones, Peter d'Alroy, The Christian Socialist Revival, 1877-1914: Religion, Class and Social ate-Victorian England, Princeton, New Jersey, The Princeton University Press, 1968.
Lears, T J Jackson, No Place of Grace: Antimodernism and the Transformation of American 880-1920, New York, Pantheon, 1981.
Lett, Leslie A, "Christian Socialism:" Anglican Social Teaching Tradition, Barbados, Jubilee Research entre, n d.
Leech, Kenneth and Rowan Williams, Essays Catholic and Radical, London, The Bowerdean Press, 1983.
Mc Carthy, Brian, "The Biblical Tradition,the Church, and Marx's Critique of Religion," Cross Currents 4, no 1, Spring 1984, pp 43-64.
Morris, R J, Class and Class Consciousness in the Industrial Revolution, 1780-1850, London, 979.
Noel, Conrad, Socialism in Church History, London, Frank Palmer, 1910.
Orens, John, "The Mass, the Masses and the Music Hall: Stewart Headlam's Radical Anglicanism," London, The Jubilee Group, 1979.
Orens, John, "Priesthood and Prophecy: the Development of Anglo-Catholic Socialism," in Leech and Williams.
Rea, Robert, "The Society of St John the Evangelist," in Duffy, Mark J, ed, The Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts, 1784-1984, Boston, The Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts, 1984.
Shaw, George Bernard, Candida, 1895.
Simkhovitch, Mary Kingsbury, Here is God's Plenty, New York, Harpers.
------, Neighborhood: My Story of Greenwich House, New York, Norton, 1938.
-------, "Father Field--Friend of Colored Children," Journal of Negro Life, January 1930, p 17f.
Smith, Martin L, SSJE, ed, Benson of Cowley, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1980.
------, "Benson, Richard Meux," The Westminster Dictionary of Spirituality, ed Gordon Wakefield, Philadelphia, The Westminster Press, 1983.
Smith, Robert C, The Cowley Fathers in America: The Early Years, n d.
------, The Shrine on Bowdoin Street, 1883-1958, n d.
Sockman, Ralph, The Revival of Conventual Life in the Church of England in the Nineteenth Century New York, W D Gray, 1917. This is a PhD dissertation completed at Columbia University.
Tournier, Wilton, The Cross of Iron. with a sketch of the Life and Work of ather Field, Philadelphia, Wm Fell, 1891. This is an entirly laudatory and uncritical biography, written when Fr Field left Philadelphia. It is a primary source for his words and thoughts, but is entirly undocumented.
Woodgate, M V, Father Benson: Founder of the Cowley Fathers, London, Geoffrey Bles, 1953. One regrets and misses the presence in this and the following work of any useful documentation.
------, Father Congreve of Cowley, London, SPCK, 1956.