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Colonial Church Histories

History of the Church in Eastern Canada and Newfoundland

By John Langtry, M.A., D.C.L.,
Rector of S. Luke's, Toronto, and Prolocutor of the Provincial Synod of Canada

London, Brighton and New York: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1892.

Chapter I. Introduction

Chapter II. The Founding of the First Colonial Bishopric

Chapter III. The Diocese of Quebec

Chapter IV. Newfoundland

Chapter V. The Diocese of Toronto

Chapter VI. The Diocese of Fredericton

Chapter VII. The Diocese of Montreal

Chapter VIII. The Diocese of Huron

Chapter IX. The Diocese of Ontario

Chapter X. Algoma

Chapter XI. Diocese of Niagara


THE writer of this volume has felt himself under very hampering constraint in the attempt to produce a History of the ten Eastern Dioceses of Canada, in a volume not exceeding 256 pages. Fluency of style and freedom of treatment have necessarily been excluded. The attractive feature of biographical illustration had, in the main, to be passed by, and the bare narrative of events adhered to. This of course deprives the volume of that heroic interest which the history of the pioneer days of the Church's life in Canada ought to possess. Enough, how ever, has perhaps been said to awaken interest in the subject, and to direct the attention of those who have more leisure and more ability for such writing, to fields where abundant material may be found. And yet the writer has been made painfully aware of the little regard with which the records of these toilsome years have generally been treated. Most of the Dioceses have no record of their past history, except such as may be painfully gathered from Bishops' Charges, Synod and Church Society Reports. The only record the writer has been able to find of many of the noble men who have toiled in the hard places of the field, is their surviving work. Not a scrap written of which any trace could be found. This speaks well for the men who have thought so humbly of themselves and their doings; but it has inflicted great loss upon the Church. Nothing, the writer is persuaded, would more stimulate [v/vi] men to heroic action in the present time, than the simple record of the self-denials and toils of many of those who first planted the Cross in these western wilds.

One benefit that may be hoped for, from this imperfect sketch of our history, is the recovery of much that has been lost, and the enlargement and correction of not a few of the imperfect records which this volume contains.

The writer wishes to express his special obligation to his Lordship the Bishop of Newfoundland, to the Rev. W. Pilot, B.D., and the Rev. W. Hall of Newfoundland, for the ready and abundant help which they have supplied. He is also under special obligation to the Ven. Archdeacon Roe of Quebec, who kindly and carefully reviewed the history of Quebec.

The Rev. Dr. Partridge of Halifax, Dr. Alexander of Fredericton, Dr. Hodgins and Dr. Scadding of Toronto, have supplied him with many valuable books and documents. The narratives of their respective Dioceses, written for the jubilee of Bishop Strachan's consecration, by the Rev. Canon Paterson (of Huron), the Rev. A. Spencer (of Ontario), the Rev. Canon Read (of Niagara), and the Right Reverend Dr. Sullivan (Bishop of Algoma), and Dr. J. G. Hodgins of Toronto, have been freely used. The life of Bishop Stewart, by the S. P. C. K.; of Bishop Mountain, by his son; of Bishop Strachan by Bishop Bethune; of the Three Bishops, by Fennings Taylor; of Bishop Feild, by Mr. Tucker; and the works written by the Rev. D. Aikins, Mr. H. Lees, and the Rev. Ernest Hawkins, together with Mr. A. W. Eaton's book just published, have been carefully studied and eviscerated. To all these gentlemen, and many others not named, the writer acknowledges his great obligations.

J. L.

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