Project Canterbury

An Exact Narration of the Life and Death of the Late reverend and learned Prelate, and painfull Divine
Lancelot Andrewes, Late Bishop of Winchester.

Which may serve as a pattern of Piety and Charity to All Godly Disposed Christians.

By Henry Isaacson

London: Printed for John Stafford, neer S. Brides Church, Fleetstreet, 1650.

Transcribed by Dr. Marianne Dorman, 2005.

This grave and honourable prelate was born in the city of London in the parish of All-Saints, Barking, of honest and religious parents; his father (having most part of his life used the seas) in his latter time became one of the Society, and Master of the Holy Trinity, commonly called the Trinity House: and was descended from the ancient family of the Andrewes, in Suffolk .

From his tender years he was totally addicted to the study of good letters; and in his youth, there appeared in him such aptness to learn, answerable to his endeavours, that his first two schoolmasters, Master Ward and Master Mulcaster (conceiving, or foreseeing that he would prove a rare scholar,) contended who should have the honour of his breeding. From Master Ward, Master of the Coopers' Free School in Radcliffe, he was sent to Master Mulcaster, Master of the Merchant-Tailors' Free School in London, where he answered the former opinion conceived of him; for by his extraordinary industry, and admirable capacity, he soon outstripped all the scholars under Master Mulcaster's tuition, being become an excellent Grecian and Hebrician: insomuch as Thomas Wattes, Doctor of Divinity, Prebend and Residentiary of Saint Paul's, and Archdeacon of Middlesex, who had newly founded some scholarships in Pembroke Hall, in Cambridge, sent him thither, and bestowed the first of his said scholarships upon him; which places are since commonly called the Greek Scholarships.

As soon as he was a Bachelor of Art, and so capable of a Fellowship, there being then but one place void in the said College, and Thomas Dove, late Lord Bishop of Peterborough, being then a Scholar also in the said college, and very well approved of by many of the society; the Master and Fellows put these two young men to a trial before them, by some scholastical exercises: upon performance whereof they preferred Sir Andrewes, and chose him into the fellowship then void, though they liked Sir Dove so well also, that, being loth to lose him, they made him some allowance for his present maintenance, under the title of a Tanquam Socius.

In the meanwhile; Hugh Price, having built Jesus College in Oxford, had heard so much of this young man, Sir Andrewes, that, without his privity, he named him, in his foundation of that college, to he one of his first Fellows there.

His custom was, after he had been three years in the University, to come up to London once a year to visit his parents, and that, ever about a fortnight before Easter, staying till a fortnight after: and against the time he should come up, his father, directed by letters from his son, before he came, prepared one that should read to him, and be his guide in the attaining of some language or art, which he had not attained before. So, that within few years, he had laid the foundations of all arts and sciences, and had gotten skill in most of the modern languages. And it is to be observed, that in his journeys betwixt London and Cambridge, to and fro, he ever used to walk on foot, till he was a Bachelor of Divinity; and professed that he would not then have ridden on horseback, but that divers friends began to find fault with him, and misinterpret him, as if he had forborne riding only to save charges.

What he did, when he was a child, and a schoolboy, is not now known, but he hath been sometimes heard to say, that when he was a young scholar in the University, and so all his time onward, he never loved or used any games or ordinary recreations, either within doors, as cards, dice, tables, chess, or the like; or abroad, as hilts, quoits, bowls, or any such: but his ordinary exercise and recreation was walking either alone by himself, or with some other selected companion, with whom he might confer and argue, and recount their studies; and he would often profess that to observe the grass, herbs, corn, trees, cattle, earth, waters, heavens, any of the creatures, and to contemplate their natures, orders, qualities, virtues, uses, &c., was ever to him the greatest mirth, content, and recreation that could be: and this he held to his dying day.

After he had been some while a Master of Arts in the University, he applied himself to the study of divinity, wherein he so profited, that his fame began to be spread far and near. insomuch, as being chosen Catechist in the college, and purposing to read upon the Ten Commandments every Saturday and Sunday, at three o'clock after noon, which was the hour of catechising; not only out of other colleges in the University, but divers also out of the country, did duly resort unto the college chapel, as a public divinity lecturer.

Being thus preferred to his own contentment, he lived not idly, but continued a painful labourer in the Lord's vineyard; witness S. Giles' pulpit, and that in S. Paul's Church, where he read the lecture thrice a-week in the term time. And indeed, what by his often preaching at S. Giles, and his no less often reading in S. Paul's, he became so infirm, that his friends despaired of his life.

Upon the death of Dr. Fulke, he was elected to the Mastership of Pembroke Hall, whereof he had been a Scholar and Fellow; a place of credit, but of little benefit, for he ever spent more upon it than he received by it.

Afterwards he was made Chaplain in ordinary attendance, of which kind there were then but twelve, to Queen Elizabeth, who took such delight in his preaching and grave deportment, that first she bestowed a Prebend at Westminster upon him, and not long after, the Deanery of that place; and what she intended further to him, her death prevented.

He soon grew into far greater esteem with her successor, the most learned King James, who, to say but truth, admired him beyond all other divines, not only for his transcendent gift in preaching, but for his excellency and solidity in all kinds of learning; selecting him, as his choicest piece, to vindicate his regality against his foulmouthed adversaries. His Majesty, not long after his happy entrance to this crown, bestowed upon him the Bishopric of Chichester, which he held about four years, and withal made him Lord Almoner and because of the exility of that Bishopric, soon after added the Parsonage of Cheam, in Surrey, to his commendam.

Upon the vacancy of the Bishopric of Ely, his Majesty made him Bishop thereof; and there he sat about nine years: in which time he was made a Privy Councillor, first of England, and then of Scotland, in his attendance of the King thither. He was afterwards preferred to the Bishop of Winchester, and the Deanery of the King's Chapel which two last preferments he held to his death, which happened about eight years after, in the third year of the reign of our late King Charles, with whom he held no less reputation than he had done with his father before him.

It is worth the observation, that, having been preferred to many, and those no small dignities, yet he never used any means to obtain the least of them, but they were all conferred upon him, without the least suit on his part; for he was so far from ambition or covetousness, as that when the Bishoprics of Salisbury and Ely were at several times tendered unto him, upon some propositions prejudicial to the state of those churches, he utterly refused them.

The virtues and good parts of this honourable prelate were so many, and those so transcendent, that to do him right, a large volume would be but sufficient, which I shall leave to some of better abilities to perform, which I shall, by way of an epitome, only point a finger at, in these heads which follow.

His first and principal virtue was his singular zeal and piety, which showed itself, not only in his private and secret devotions between God and himself, in which, they that were about him well perceived that he daily spent many hours, yea, and the greatest part of his life in holy prayers, and abundant tears, the signs whereof they often discovered, but also in his exemplary public prayers with his family in his chapel; wherein he behaved himself so humbly, devoutly, and reverently, that it could not but move others to follow his example. His chapel, in which he had monthly communions, was so decently and reverently adorned, and God served there with so holy and reverend behaviour of himself and his family, by his pattern, that the souls of many, that obiter came thither in time of divine service, were very much elevated, and they stirred up to the like reverend deportment; yea, some that had been there were so taken with it, that they desired to end their days in the Bishop of Ely's chapel.

The next is his charity and compassion, which he practised even before he came to great preferments; for, while he was yet in private estate, he extended his charity in liberal manner to the relief of poor parishioners, prisons, and prisoners, besides his constant Sundays' alms at his parish of Saint Giles. But when his means became greater, his charity increased to a large proportion; releasing many prisoners of all sorts, that were detained either for petty debts, or keeper's fees. And one thing in his charity is remarkable; that whereas he sent much money at several times to the relief of poor parishes, prisons, prisoners, and the like, he gave strict charge to his servants whom he entrusted therewith, that they should not acknowledge whence this relief came but directed that the acquittances, which they, to make the discharge of their trust appear to him, desired from them that received such relief, should be taken in the name of a benefactor unknown. Other large sums he bestowed yearly, and oftener, in clothing the poor and naked, in relieving the sick and needy, in succouring families in time of infection, besides his alms to poor housekeepers at his gate; insomuch that his private alms in his last six years, besides those public, amounted to the sum of 1,300l and upwards. Lastly, though it might well have been supposed by that which is said already, that he had been in his lifetime his own almoner, yet, as he lived a pattern of compassion and work of mercy, so he died also; for it appeareth by his will, that his chief care was, to provide that his pious works should never have end, leaving 4,000l to purchase 200l land per annum for ever, to be distributed by 50l quarterly, thus:--To aged poor men and decayed, with an especial eye to seafaring men, wherein he reflected upon his father's profession, 50l; to poor widows, the wives of one husband, fifty pounds; to the binding of poor orphans apprentices, fifty pounds; and to the relief of poor prisoners, fifty pounds. Besides among other, too many to be comprehended in an epitome, he left to be distributed, presently after his decease, among maidservants of honest report, and who had served one master or mistress seven years, the sum of two hundred pounds. Lastly, a great part of his estate, which remained after his funeral and legacies discharged, he left to be distributed among his poor servants.

The third is his fidelity and integrity; faithful, upright, and just he ever was, whether you respect him in his ordinary transactions, in which no man could ever justly tax him with the least aspersion of injustice; or whether you look upon him .as entrusted with those great offices and places which he did undergo, and they were either his spiritual preferments or temporal office, besides some other matters committed to his fidelity. In the first of which he declared evidently to the world, that he reputed himself but God's steward, and that he must give an account to his Lord and Master for them. To begin then with the lowest account he was ever faithful, provident, and careful to keep in good repair the houses of all his spiritual preferments, and spent much money that way; as upon the Vicarage-house of Saint Giles, the Prebend's and Dean's houses of Westminster, and the Residentiary's house of Saint Paul's. Upon the house belonging to the bishopric of Chichester, he expended above 420l; of Ely, above 2,440l; of Winchester, besides a pension of 400l. per annum, from which he freed his see at his own charge, he spent two thousand pounds.

But in that part of the account which concerned him more nearly to perfect, which was his pastoral and episcopal charge, the cure of souls, and the well ordering of the several dioceses committed to his trust, never any made a more just and exact account.

Some particulars of this account was the promoting of sufficient able and good men to livings and preferments which fell within his own gift. To the better discharge of this part of the account he took order till beforehand, by continual search and inquiry to know what hopeful your men were in the university; his chaplains and friends receiving a charge from him to certify him what hopeful and towardly young wit they met with at any time; and these, till he could better provide for them, were sure to taste of his bounty and goodness for their better encouragement.

Divers eminent men in learning that wanted preferment, when anything fell in his gift convenient for them, though otherwise they had no dependence at all upon him, nor interest in him, he would send for before they knew why, and entertain them in his own house, and confer the preferment upon them, and also defray the very charges incident for a dispensation, or a faculty, yea, of their very journey; and all this, that he might have his diocese in general, and his preferments in particular, the better fitted: so that that may fitly be applied to him, which was sometimes to St. Chrysostom: In administratione episcopates, præbuit se fideteni, constantem, et vigilantem ministrum Christi.

And if you look upon him in those temporals wherewith he was entrusted, you shall find him no less faithful and just; as first, divers sums, and many of them of good value, were sent to him to be distributed among poor scholars and others, at his discretion; all which he disposed with great care and fidelity, even according to the donors' minds and intents.

For his faithfulness in managing those places, wherein he was intrusted for others jointly with himself, let Pembroke Hall and Westminster College speak for him; for when he became Master of the first, he found it in debt, being of a very small endowment, then especially; but, by his faithful providence, he left above eleven hundred pounds in the treasury of that college, towards the bettering of the estate thereof. And when he was made Dean of the other, it is not unknown to some yet living, who will testify, that he left it for all orders, as well of the church as of the college and school, a place then truly exemplarily collegiate in all respects, both within and without, free from debts and arrearages, from encroachments and evil customs; the schoolboys, in the four years he stayed there, being much improved, not by his care and oversight only, but by his own personal and often labours also with them.

To these may be added, that whereas, by virtue of his Deanery of Westminster, his Mastership at Pembroke Hall, and his Bishopric of Ely, the election of scholars into the School of Westminster, and from thence to the two Universities, as also of many Scholars and Fellows in Pembroke Hall, some in Saint Peter's Colleges, and some in Jesus College, were in his power and disposal; he was ever so faithful and just, that he waived all letters from great personages for unsufficient scholars, and cast aside all favour and affection, and chose only such as in his judgment were fittest. And lastly, which is not the least in this kind, being many times desired to assist at the election of scholars from the free schools of the Merchant-Tailors, and from that at Saint Paul's of the Mercers; and perceiving favour and affection, and other by respects, sometimes to oversway merit with those to whom the choice belonged; and that divers good scholars were omitted, and others of less desert preferred; he, of his own goodness, divers times took care for such as were so neglected, and sent them to the university, where he bestowed preferment upon them.

To conclude this account of him, take a view of his fidelity in that great place of trust, the Almonership; which was sufficiently evident, especially to those who attended him nearly. First, in that he would never suffer one penny of that which accrued to him by that place to be put or mingled with any of his own rents or revenues; and wherein he kept a more exact account than of his own private estate; and secondly, being so separated, he was as faithful in the disposing of it; not only in the general trust of his sovereign, in the daily charges incident to that place, expended by the sub-almoner, and other yearly ordinary charges; but when he perceived that he had a surplusage, those charges defrayed, he would not suffer it to lie by him; but some of it he disposed to the relief of poor housekeepers, some in releasing of poor prisoners, and comforting them which lay in misery and iron; and some in furnishing poor people with gowns, hose, shoes, and the like: for all which, many, so bestowed by him, had he reserved to his own use, (his patent being sine computo) no man could have questioned him: but he was a faithful steward in this, as in the rest, and expected that joyful Euge, "Well done, thou good and faithful servant; thou hast been faithful, &c.: enter thou into the joy of thy Lord;" which, no doubt, but he possesseth.

The next is his gratitude or thankfulness to all from whom he had received any benefit. Of this virtue of his there are and were lately divers witnesses: as Dr. Ward, son to his first schoolmaster, upon whom he bestowed the living of Waltham, in Hampshire: and Master Mulcaster, his other schoolmaster, whom he ever reverently respected during his life in all companies, and placed him ever at the upper end of his table; and, after his death, caused his picture, having but few other in his house, to be set over his study door. And not only showed he this outward thankfulness to him, but supplied his wants many times also, privately, in a liberal and plentiful manner; and at his own death, the father being dead, he bequeathed a legacy to his son of good value. Concerning the kindred of Doctor Wattes, who, as is said before, bestowed a full scholarship on him in Pembroke hall, after much inquiry, he found only one, upon whom, being a scholar, he bestowed preferments in Pembroke Hall; and, he dying there, his Lordship much grieved that he could hear of no more of that kindred, to whom he might express his further thankfulness. And yet, he forgat not his patron, Dr. Wattes, at his end; for by his will he took order, that out of the Scholarships of that foundation, the two Fellowships which he himself founded, as you shall see by-and-by, in Pembroke Hall, should be supplied, if they should be found fit for them.

Lastly, to Pembroke Hall, omitting the legacies by him bequeathed to the parishes of Saint Giles, Saint Martin Ludgate, where he had dwelt, Saint Andrew's in Holborn, Saint Saviour's in Southwark, All Saints, Barking, where he was born, and others; to that college, I say, where he had been a Scholar, Fellow, and Master, he gave one thousand pounds, to purchase land for two Fellowships, and for other uses in that college expressed in his will; besides three hundred such folio books of his own to the increase of that college library, as were not there before. Together with a gilt cup, and a bason and ewer, in all points, as weight, fashion, inscription, &c., so like to the cup, bason, and ewer given about 300 years since to that college, by the religious foundress thereof, as that not ovum ovo similius; and these, he professed, he caused to be made and given, not for the continuance of his own memory, but for fear that those which she had given so long since might miscarry, and so her remembrance might decay.

The fifth is his munificence and bounty. To prove which, little need be said more than that which has been touched in his bountiful charity. But besides that, the two famous Universities, and they which then were poor scholars in them, will witness for him in this point; he never coming near either of them, after he was Bishop, but that he sent to be distributed among poor scholars sometimes one hundred pounds, and ever fifty pounds, at the least. One thing I cannot pass over in silence; that when King James was pleased to grace the University of Cambridge with his presence, in 1617, this reverend father being present also at the Philosophy Act, he sent at his departure to four of the disputants forty pieces of gold, of two-and-twenty shillings a-piece, to be equally divided among them.

But what speak I of these? Was ever prince better entertained, and in more magnificent but orderly manner, than was his said Majesty at Farnham Castle, one of the houses belonging to the Bishopric of Winchester, where in the space of three days he spent three thousand pounds, to the extraordinary contentment of his Majesty, and the admiration of all his followers .

The next is his hospitality; from the first time of his preferment to means of any considerable value, even to his dying day, he was ever hospitable, and free in entertainment to all people of quality and worthy of respect, especially to scholars and strangers; his table being ever bountifully and neatly furnished with provisions, and attendants answerable; to whom he committed the care of providing and expending in a plentiful yet orderly way; himself seldom knowing what meat he had, till he came from his study to dinner, at which he would show himself so noble in his entertainment, and so gravely facetious, that his guests would often profess, they never came to any man's table where they received better satisfaction in all points, and that his Lordship kept Christmas all the year, in respect of the plenty they ever found there. And yet, by the way, take this, that he ever strictly observed in his provisions of diet, the time of Lent, Embers, and other fasting days, according to the laws of this kingdom, and the orders of the Church.

I shall not need to speak of the extraordinary great hospitality he kept, and the large expense he was at, in entertainment of all sorts of people in Scotland, at what time he attended King James thither; the nobility, clergy, gentry, and others of both nations there present, will, as they often already have, speak of it for me, to his exceeding great honour. So that I know not whether I have fitly couched it under this head of hospitality, or whether it had more properly belonged to that of his munificence and bounty.

The seventh is, his humanity and affability, not only to the last mentioned, his guests, but to every one that did converse with him; for which, not only divers famous scholars and others of this kingdom, but others of foreign parts, as they had just cause, have admired him. As, not to mention natives, Master Casaubon, Master Cluverius, Master Vossius, Master Grotius, Master Moulin, Master Barclay, and, besides many others, Master Erpenius , to whom he tendered an annual stipend, to have read and taught here the Oriental tongues, wherein, long before his death, he himself had been well versed, as may appear by his Commencement verses; the experienced professors whereof he much delighted in, and did much for them; as Master Bedwell, to whom he gave the Vicarage of Tottenham in Middlesex, if living, among others would testify. And the reason for this a late reverend father of this Church hath given, Omnes quid in se amant, in allis venerantur; "loving and honouring those gifts in others, which he had in himself"; for among the other parts of his profound learning, he by his industry had attained to the knowledge of fifteen tongues, if not more.

To these former may be added his modesty, which was ever such, that although the whole Christian world took especial notice of his profound and deep learning, yet was he so far from acknowledging it in himself, that he would often complain of his defects, even to the extenuating, yea vilifying of his own worth and abilities; professing many times, that he was but in utilis servus, nay, inutile pondus; insomuch that being preferred by King James to the Bishopric of Chichester, and pretending his own imperfections and insufficiency to undergo such a charge, as also that he might have not only his Clergy, but all others to take notice thereof, he caused to be engraven about the seal of his Bishopric, those words of St. Paul, Et ad hæc quis idoneus? "And who is sufficient for these things?" 2 Cor. ii. 16.

One note of his modesty, mixed with his last virtue of humanity, may be added, that after his chaplains had preached in his chapel before him, he would sometimes privately request them, that he might have a sight of their notes, with very good words and full of encouragement; insomuch that they would profess of him, that they would never desire a more candid auditor. So that what was said of Beda, may as fitly be said of him, A pietate, modestia, et castitate, nomen Venerabilis adeptus est.

His indefatigability in study cannot be paralleled, if we consider him from his childhood to his old age. Never any man took such pains, or at least spent so much time in study, as this Reverend Prelate; for even in those days, when it might have been supposed he would have taken some ease for his former pains, then also from the hour he arose, his private devotions finished, to the time he was called to dinner, which, by his own order, was not till twelve at noon at the soonest, he kept close at his book, and would not be interrupted by any that came to speak with him, or upon any occasion, public prayer excepted. Insomuch, that he would be so displeased with scholars that attempted to speak with him in a morning, that he would say, "he doubted they were no true scholars, that came to speak with him before noon."

After dinner, for two or three hours space, he would willingly pass the time, either in discourse with his guests or other friends, or in despatch of his own temporal affairs, or of those, who, by reason of his Episcopal jurisdiction, attended him; and being quit of these and the like occasions, he would return to his study, where he spent the rest of the afternoon even till bed-time, except some friend took him off to supper, and then did he eat but sparingly.

Of the fruit of this his seed-time, the world, especially this land, hath reaped a plentiful harvest in his sermons and writings: never went any beyond him in the first of these, his preaching, wherein he had such a dexterity, that some would say of him, that he was quick again as soon as delivered; and in this faculty he hath left a pattern unimitable. So that he was truly styled, Stella prædicantium, and "an angel in the pulpit" And his late Majesty took especial care in causing that volume of his sermons to he divulged, though but a handful of those which he preached, by enjoying whereof this kingdom hath an inestimable treasure.

And for his acuteness and profundity in writing against the adversary, he so excelled all others of his time, that neither Bellarmine, champion to the Romanists, nor any other of them, was ever able to answer what he wrote; so that as his sermons were unimitable, his writings were unanswerable.

To draw to an end of deciphering his virtues, and endowments; it may truly be said of him, that he had those gifts and graces, both of art and nature, so fixed in him, as that this age cannot parallel him; for his profundity and abyss of learning was accompanied with wit, memory, judgment, languages, gravity, and humility; insomuch, that if he had been contemporary with the ancient fathers of the primitive Church, he would have been, and that worthily, reputed not inferior to the chiefest among them.

He generally hated all vices: but three, which he ever reputed sins, were most especially odious unto him. First, usury, from which he was so far himself, that when his friends had need of such money as he could spare, he lent it to them freely, without expectance of aught back but the principal. Secondly. The second was simony, which was so detestable to him, as that for refusing to admit divers men to livings, whom he suspected to be simoniacally preferred, he suffered much by suits of law; choosing rather to be compelled against his will to admit them by law, than voluntarily to do that which his conscience made scruple of. And for the livings and other preferments which fell in his own gift, he ever bestowed them freely, as you have seen before, upon deserving men, without suits: so that we may say of him, as was said long since concerning, Robert Winchelsey, Archbishop of Canterbury, Beneftcia Ecclesiastics nun quam nisi doctis contulit: precibus ac gratis nobilium fretos, et ambientes semper repulit. Thirdly. The last was sacrilege, which he did so much abhor, that when the Bishopric of Sarum, and that of Ely, before it was so much deplumed, were offered to him upon terms savouring that way, he utterly rejected them. Concerning that of Salisbury, give me leave to add a particular passage of his, which happened many years after his said refusal of it, which was this: At a Parliament under King James, when an Act was to pass, concerning Sherbourne Castle, it was observed, that only Bishop Andrewes and another gave their votes against the same; that the other should so do was not much marvelled at, but that Bishop Andrewes should do it, when none but that other Lord did so, was so remarkable, as that he was demanded by a great person, what his reason was for it. To which he most worthily replied, that it could not be well wondered, why he should now vote against that, which if he would have yielded unto many years before, in the days of Queen Elizabeth, he might have had this Bishopric of Sarum; which reason of his, when his late Majesty, being then Prince and present at the passing of the Act, heard, he beshrewed him, that when he denied his consent, he did not declare the reason of his denial also; professing that had he been made acquainted with the state of that case, as now he was, he would, with the King his father's good leave, have laboured against the passing of the said Act. To close up this point, this Reverend Prelate went yet a degree further, in refusing, when he was Bishop of Winchester, divers large and considerable sums to renew some leases, because he conceived that the renewing of them might be prejudicial to succession.

Now let us lay all these together: his zeal and piety; his charity and compassion; his fidelity and integrity; his gratitude and thankfulness; his munificence and bounty; hospitality, humanity, affability, and modesty; and to these, his indefatigability in study, and the fruits of his labours in his sermons and writings, together with his profundity in all kind of learning; his wit, memory, judgment, gravity, and humility. His detestation of all vices and sin, but especially of three. All which, by couching them only in this compend, we have seen in him, as ex ungue leonem, or by Hercules' foot his whole body; and consider, whether the Church of God in general, and this in particular, did not suffer an irreparable loss by his death.

Having taken a short survey of his life, let us now see him dying. He was not often sick, and but once till his last sickness in thirty years before the time he died; which was at Downham, in the Isle of Ely; the air of that place not agreeing with the constitution of his body. But there he seemed to be prepared for his dissolution, saying oftentimes in that sickness, "It must come once, and why not here?" And at other times before and since he would say, "The days must come, when, whether we will or nil, we shall say with the Preacher, "I have no pleasure in them."

Of his death he seemed to presage himself a year before he died, and therefore prepared his oil, that he might be admitted in due time into the bride-chamber. That of quails vita, &c. was truly verified in him; for as he lived, so died he. As his fidelity in his health was great, so increased the strength of his faith in his sickness; his gratitude to men was now changed into his thankfulness to God; his affability, to incessant and devout prayers and speech with his Creator, Redeemer, and Sanctifier. His laborious studies, to his restless groans, sighs, cries, and tears; his hands labouring, his eyes lifted up, and his heart beating and panting to see the living God, even to the last of his breath. And him, no doubt, he sees face to face, his works preceding and following him, and he now following the Lamb, crowned with that immortality which is reserved for every one who lives such a life as he lived.

He departed this life September 25, 1626, in the seventy-first year of his age; and lieth buried in the upper aisle of the parish church of St. Saviour's in Southwark. His executors have erected to him a very fair monument of marble and alabaster. And one that formerly had been his household chaplain, whom this honourable and reverend Prelate loved most tenderly from his childhood, rather like a father than a lord or patron, but since his death has been a successor to him in some of his places in the Church; for the duty and reverence which he ever bare to him while he lived, hath most gratefully and cordially in his everlasting honourable memory added to it a most excellent, significant, and speaking epitaph.

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